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  1. The torsion of normal adnexa is rare during pregnancy, especially in the third trimester. Nonspecific symptoms and signs as well as the limitations of ultrasound (US) make the diagnosis difficult, resulting in...

    Authors: Wei Bai, Xiao Xu, Haizhu Xie, Chunjuan Sun, Kaili Che, Meijie Liu, Jing Liu, Yinghong Shi and Heng Ma

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:19

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Intravascular imaging plays an important part in diagnosis of vascular conditions and providing insight for treatment strategy. Two main imaging modalities are intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coher...

    Authors: Edward Pavillard and Luke Sewall

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:18

    Content type: Research article

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  3. MR images (MRIs) accurate segmentation of brain lesions is important for improving cancer diagnosis, surgical planning, and prediction of outcome. However, manual and accurate segmentation of brain lesions fro...

    Authors: Xiaojun Hu, Weijian Luo, Jiliang Hu, Sheng Guo, Weilin Huang, Matthew R. Scott, Roland Wiest, Michael Dahlweid and Mauricio Reyes

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:17

    Content type: Research Article

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  4. The Logan graphical analysis (LGA) algorithm is widely used to quantify receptor density for parametric imaging in positron emission tomography (PET). Estimating receptor density, in terms of the non-displacea...

    Authors: Paulus K. Shigwedha, Takahiro Yamada, Kohei Hanaoka, Kazunari Ishii, Yuichi Kimura and Yutaka Fukuoka

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:15

    Content type: Research Article

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  5. Our study aims to reveal whether the low b-values distribution, high b-values upper limit, and the number of excitation (NEX) influence the accuracy of the intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) parameter derived...

    Authors: Yu-Chuan Hu, Lin-Feng Yan, Yu Han, Shi-Jun Duan, Qian Sun, Gang-Feng Li, Wen Wang, Xiao-Cheng Wei, Dan-Dan Zheng and Guang-Bin Cui

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:14

    Content type: Research article

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  6. We aimed to develop radiomic models based on different phases of computed tomography (CT) imaging and to investigate the efficacy of models for diagnosing mediastinal metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) in non-small ...

    Authors: Xue Sha, Guanzhong Gong, Qingtao Qiu, Jinghao Duan, Dengwang Li and Yong Yin

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:12

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Cox proportional hazard model (CPH) is commonly used in clinical research for survival analysis. In quantitative medical imaging (radiomics) studies, CPH plays an important role in feature reduction and modeli...

    Authors: Yucheng Zhang, Edrise M. Lobo-Mueller, Paul Karanicolas, Steven Gallinger, Masoom A. Haider and Farzad Khalvati

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:11

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of the dual energy CT measured iodine concentration and total iodine content with blood measured thyroid parameters.

    Authors: Zheng-Teng Li, Rui Zhai, Hong-Mei Liu, Min Wang and Dong-Mei Pan

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:10

    Content type: Technical advance

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  9. Organ absorbed doses and effective doses can be used to compare radiation exposure among medical imaging procedures, compare alternative imaging options, and guide dose optimization efforts. Individual dose es...

    Authors: Brian M. Quinn, Yiming Gao, Usman Mahmood, Neeta Pandit-Taskar, Gerald Behr, Pat Zanzonico and Lawrence T. Dauer

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:9

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The accuracy of 2D and 3D strain analyses was evaluated by comparing strain and cardiac function parameters in Fontan repair patients and normal child volunteers.

    Authors: Liwei Hu, Qian Wang, Barton P. Gregory, Rong Zhen Ouyang, Aimin Sun, Chen Guo, Tongtong Han and Yumin Zhong

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:8

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Although 18F- FDG PET/CT is validated in baseline workup of esophageal cancer to detect distant metastases, it remains underused in assessing local staging and biology of the primary tumor. This study aimed to ev...

    Authors: Styliani Mantziari, Anastasia Pomoni, John O. Prior, Michael Winiker, Pierre Allemann, Nicolas Demartines and Markus Schäfer

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:7

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Accidental ingestion or consumption of supra-therapeutic doses of methadone can result in neurological sequelae in humans. We aimed to determine the neurological deficits of methadone-poisoned patients admitte...

    Authors: Maryam Haghighi-Morad, Zahra Naseri, Nazila Jamshidi, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Nasim Zamani and Leila Ahmad-Molaei

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:6

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Differentiating glioma recurrence from treatment-related changes can be challenging on conventional imaging. We evaluated the efficacy of quantitative parameters measured by dual-energy spectral computed tomog...

    Authors: Yanchun Lv, Jian Zhou, Xiaofei Lv, Li Tian, Haoqiang He, Zhigang Liu, Yi Wu, Lujun Han, Meili Sun, Yadi Yang, Chengcheng Guo, Cong Li, Rong Zhang, Chuanmiao Xie, Yinsheng Chen and Zhongping Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:5

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Lung cancer brain metastases are very common and one of the common causes of treatment failure. We aimed to examine the clinical use of chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) technology in the evaluation...

    Authors: Yonggui Yang, Xiaobo Qu, Yihui Huang, Khan Afsar, Gen Yan, Gang Guo and Shaoyin Duan

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:4

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Successful injection of radiolabeled compounds is critical for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. A poor quality injection limits the tracer availability in the body and can impact diagnostic results....

    Authors: Dustin R. Osborne, Shelley N. Acuff, Michael Fang, Melissa D. Weaver and Yitong Fu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:3

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The Rician noise formed in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging greatly reduced the accuracy and reliability of subsequent analysis, and most of the existing denoising methods are suitable for Gaussian noise rather...

    Authors: Kaixin Chen, Xiao Lin, Xing Hu, Jiayao Wang, Han Zhong and Linhua Jiang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:2

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The dGEMRIC (delayed Gadolinium-Enhanced MRI of Cartilage) technique has been used in numerous studies for quantitative in vivo evaluation of the relative glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content in cartilage. The purp...

    Authors: Carl Johan Tiderius, Zana K. Hawezi, Lars E. Olsson and Leif E. Dahlberg

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 20:1

    Content type: Research article

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  18. IVUS is widely used to quantitatively assess coronary artery disease. The purpose of this study was to automatically characterize dense calcium (DC) tissue in the gray scale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) ima...

    Authors: Juhwan Lee, Yoo Na Hwang, Ga Young Kim, Ji Yean Kwon and Sung Min Kim

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:103

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Precise identification, discrimination and assessment of central nervous system (CNS) tumors is of critical importance to brain neoplasm treatment. Due to the complexity and limited resolutions of the existing...

    Authors: Xiaojun Yu, Chi Hu, Wenfei Zhang, Jie Zhou, Qianshan Ding, M. T. Sadiq, Zeming Fan, Zhaohui Yuan and Linbo Liu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:102

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) alters left ventricular (LV) hemodynamics, resulting in decreased global LV ejection fraction and global LV kinetic energy. We hypothesize that anterior AMI effects localized ...

    Authors: Philip A. Corrado, Jacob A. Macdonald, Christopher J. François, Niti R. Aggarwal, Jonathan W. Weinsaft and Oliver Wieben

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:101

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Lung cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Radiotherapy for lung cancer is beneficial in both the radical and palliative settings, and technologic advances in recent years now afford ...

    Authors: Xiaohui Cao, Ming Liu, Fushan Zhai, Nan Li, Feng Li, Chaoen Bao, Yinliang Liu and Gang Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:100

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The relationship between intracranial vessel configuration and wall features remains poorly investigated. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the relationship between the distal and proximal anatomical configur...

    Authors: Ziqi Xu, Mingyao Li, Zhikai Hou, Jinhao Lyu, Na Zhang, Xin Lou, Zhongrong Miao and Ning Ma

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:99

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Abernethy malformation is a rare congenital abnormality. Imaging examination is an important method for the diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate manifestations of multi-slice computed tomogr...

    Authors: Chen Guo, Yu-Min Zhong, Qian Wang, Li-Wei Hu, Xiao-Hong Gu, Hong Shao, Wei Wu, Jian-Feng Cao and Hai-Sheng Qiu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:97

    Content type: Research article

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  24. To explore the diagnostic performance of triggered angiography non-contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (TRANCE-MRI) for the evaluation of venous pathology of the lower extremity.

    Authors: Yao-Kuang Huang, Yuan-Hsi Tseng, Chih-Hung Lin, Yuan-Hsiung Tsai, Yin-Chen Hsu, Shih-Chung Wang and Chien-Wei Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:96

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Excess abdominal adiposity cause metabolic disturbances, particularly in pregnancy. Methods of accurate measurement are limited in pregnancy due to risks associated with these procedures. This study outlines a...

    Authors: Alexandra Cremona, Kevin Hayes, Clodagh S. O’Gorman, Ciara Ní Laighin, Khadijah I. Ismail, Alan E. Donnelly, Jill Hamilton and Amanda Cotter

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:95

    Content type: Technical advance

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  26. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of blindness in type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients, as a consequence of impaired blood flow in the retina. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is ...

    Authors: Javier Zarranz-Ventura, Marina Barraso, Anibal Alé-Chilet, Teresa Hernandez, Cristian Oliva, Jesus Gascón, Anna Sala-Puigdollers, Marc Figueras-Roca, Irene Vinagre, Emilio Ortega, Enric Esmatjes and Alfredo Adan

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:91

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Accurate whole-body staging following biochemical relapse in prostate cancer is vital in determining the optimum disease management. Current imaging guidelines recommend various imaging platforms such as compu...

    Authors: Sola Adeleke, Arash Latifoltojar, Harbir Sidhu, Myria Galazi, Taimur T. Shah, Joey Clemente, Reena Davda, Heather Ann Payne, Manil D. Chouhan, Maria Lioumi, Sue Chua, Alex Freeman, Manuel Rodriguez-Justo, Anthony Coolen, Sachin Vadgama, Steve Morris…

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:90

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. To facilitate translational drug development for liver fibrosis, preclinical trials need to be run in parallel with clinical research. Liver function estimation by gadoxetate-enhanced dynamic contrast-enhanced...

    Authors: Jimi Huh, Su Jung Ham, Young Chul Cho, Bumwoo Park, Bohyun Kim, Chul-Woong Woo, Yoonseok Choi, Dong-Cheol Woo and Kyung Won Kim

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:89

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) in the distal small intestine is difficult by endoscopic ultrasound. This is the first reported case of an ileal GIST, which is diagnosed by transabdominal ...

    Authors: Wan-Ching Lien, Po-Chu Lee, Min-Tsan Lin, Chih-Heng Chang and Hsiu-Po Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:88

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Solid-pseudo papillary neoplasms of pancreas (SPNP) are rare in men and are often misdiagnosed. This study aimed to analyze the clinical and multi-slice computer tomography (MSCT) features of patients with SPN...

    Authors: Shuguang Shi, Ying Zhou and Chunhong Hu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:87

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Outlining lesion contours in Ultra Sound (US) breast images is an important step in breast cancer diagnosis. Malignant lesions infiltrate the surrounding tissue, generating irregular contours, with spiculation...

    Authors: Marly Guimarães Fernandes Costa, João Paulo Mendes Campos, Gustavo de Aquino e Aquino, Wagner Coelho de Albuquerque Pereira and Cícero Ferreira Fernandes Costa Filho

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:85

    Content type: Research article

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  32. To determine the rate and the distribution of the structural defects in the urinary bladder complicating urethral stricture in men, and to compare the complications observed in the younger patients to those ob...

    Authors: Ikenna I. Nnabugwu, Augustine C. Onuh, Solomon K. Anyimba and Samuel O. Mgbor

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:84

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) requires intra-articular injection of gadolinium-based diluted paramagnetic contrast material. To our knowledge, gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA) has never been used for ...

    Authors: Carmelo Messina, Domenico Albano, Davide Orlandi, Vito Chianca, Angelo Corazza, Federica Ferrari, Salvatore Gitto and Luca Maria Sconfienza

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:83

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Aortic dissection is a life-threatening syndrome that sometimes requires emergency intervention, and endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a treatment option. Long-term image follow-up is also required...

    Authors: Yu-Li Lee, Yao-Kuang Huang, Li-Sheng Hsu, Pang-Yen Chen and Chien-Wei Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:82

    Content type: Case report

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  35. A new generation of positron emission tomography with computed tomography (PET-CT) was recently introduced using silicon (Si) photomultiplier (PM)-based technology. Our aim was to compare the image quality and...

    Authors: Jenny Oddstig, Sigrid Leide Svegborn, Helen Almquist, Ulrika Bitzén, Sabine Garpered, Fredrik Hedeer, Cecilia Hindorf, Jonas Jögi, Lena Jönsson, David Minarik, Richard Petersson, Annika Welinder, Per Wollmer and Elin Trägårdh

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:81

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The purpose of this study was to determine to what extent the whole volumes of abdominal subcutaneous (ASAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) of patients with obesity can be predicted by using data of one bod...

    Authors: Nicolas Linder, Kilian Solty, Anna Hartmann, Tobias Eggebrecht, Matthias Blüher, Roland Stange and Harald Busse

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:80

    Content type: Technical advance

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  37. Primary angiitis of the central nervous system (PACNS) is a rare disease, and tumor-like primary angiitis of the central nervous system is even rarer. Histopathology is the gold standard for tumor-mimicking PA...

    Authors: Yu-Jing Huang, Li Zhang, Ying Mao and Guang-Xian Nan

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:79

    Content type: Case report

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  38. The inflammation reaction in the brain may stimulate damage repair or possibly lead to secondary brain injury. It is often associated with activated microglia, which would overexpress 18-kDa translocator prote...

    Authors: Chun-Yi Wu, Yang-Yi Chen, Jia-Jia Lin, Jui-Ping Li, Jen-Kun Chen, Te-Chun Hsieh and Chia-Hung Kao

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:78

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), and the combination of CEUS and MRI (CCWM) for the diagnosis of periampullary space-occupying lesions (PSOL) was investigated.

    Authors: Xin-Pei Chen, Jiang Liu, Jing Zhou, Peng-Cheng Zhou, Jian Shu, Lu-Lu Xu, Bo Li and Song Su

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:77

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Dual-layer spectral detector CT (SDCT) may provide several theoretical advantages over pre-existing DECT approaches in terms of adjustment-free sampling number and dose modulation, beam hardening correction, a...

    Authors: Hyo-Jin Kang, Jeong Min Lee, Sang Min Lee, Hyun Kyung Yang, Ri Hyeon Kim, Ju Gang Nam, Aruna Karnawat and Joon Koo Han

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:76

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In recent years, skeletal muscle-related ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) has become more common. IRI can lead to severe limb injuries, multiple organ failure, and even death in some cases. However, there is ...

    Authors: Chengzhi Li, Xingyi Liu, Huimin You, Hong Zhang, Yuqi Liu and Yan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:75

    Content type: Research article

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  42. This study evaluates carotid vulnerable plaques using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and explores the relationship between vulnerable plaques and leukocytes.

    Authors: Xianghong Luo, Wanbin Li, Yun Bai, Lianfang Du, Rong Wu and Zhaojun Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:74

    Content type: Research article

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