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  1. This study aims to compare proton density weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) zero echo time (ZTE) and head atlas attenuation correction (AC) to the reference standard computed tomography (CT) based AC for

    Authors: Francesca De Luca, Martin Bolin, Lennart Blomqvist, Cecilia Wassberg, Heather Martin and Anna Falk Delgado

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:126

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Reported date of last menstrual period and ultrasonography measurements are the most commonly used methods for determining gestational age in antenatal life. However, the mother cannot always determine the las...

    Authors: Yuequan Shi, Yunjing Xue, Chunxia Chen, Kaiwu Lin and Zuofu Zhou

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:125

    Content type: Research article

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  3. To compare the diagnostic performance of neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging (NODDI), mean apparent propagator magnetic resonance imaging (MAP-MRI), diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI), diffusion t...

    Authors: Jiaji Mao, Weike Zeng, Qinyuan Zhang, Zehong Yang, Xu Yan, Huiting Zhang, Mengzhu Wang, Guang Yang, Minxiong Zhou and Jun Shen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:124

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The revised 2016 WHO-Classification of CNS-tumours now integrates molecular information of glial brain tumours for accurate diagnosis as well as for the development of targeted therapies. In this prospective s...

    Authors: Pamela Franco, Urs Würtemberger, Karam Dacca, Irene Hübschle, Jürgen Beck, Oliver Schnell, Irina Mader, Harald Binder, Horst Urbach and Dieter Henrik Heiland

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:123

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Point-of-care ultrasound (POC-US) is a diagnostic test conducted at the site of patient care with direct interpretation by the clinician, providing immediate results. POC-US for gynecologic application is not ...

    Authors: Marika Toscano, Kam Szlachetka, Natalie Whaley and Loralei L. Thornburg

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:121

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Three-dimensional (3D) models are increasingly used to help surgeons, guiding them through the complex hepatic vasculobiliary anatomy. The biliary tract is a relatively untapped territory with only a few case ...

    Authors: Nuno Pereira da Silva, Inês Abreu, Marco Serôdio, Luís Ferreira, Henrique Alexandrino and Paulo Donato

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:120

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Previous studies have used signal intensity (SI) to reflect liver function. However, few studies have evaluated liver function via the portal vein. Regarding the SI of the liver, spleen, and portal vein, no st...

    Authors: Ming Yang, Yue Zhang, Wenlu Zhao, Wen Cheng, Han Wang and Shengren Guo

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:119

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a global pandemic. According to the diagnosis and treatment guidelines of China, negative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is the key ...

    Authors: Quan Cai, Si-Yao Du, Si Gao, Guo-Liang Huang, Zheng Zhang, Shu Li, Xin Wang, Pei-Ling Li, Peng Lv, Gang Hou and Li-Na Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:118

    Content type: Research article

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  9. To investigate whether quantitative dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) pharmacokinetic parameters can be used to predict the pathologic stages of oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma...

    Authors: Na Guo, Weike Zeng, Hong Deng, Huijun Hu, Ziliang Cheng, Zehong Yang, Shuqi Jiang, Xiaohui Duan and Jun Shen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:117

    Content type: Research article

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  10. This study outlines an image processing algorithm for accurate and consistent lung segmentation in chest radiographs of critically ill adults and children typically obscured by medical equipment. In particular...

    Authors: Narathip Reamaroon, Michael W. Sjoding, Harm Derksen, Elyas Sabeti, Jonathan Gryak, Ryan P. Barbaro, Brian D. Athey and Kayvan Najarian

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:116

    Content type: Research article

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  11. This study aimed to compare the sensitivity of 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT, 99mTc-MIBI planar scintigraphy and ultrasonography (US) in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), and to explore the factors that a...

    Authors: Shu-Qin Jiang, Ting Yang, Qiong Zou, Lei Xu, Ting Ye, Yin-Qian Kang, Wan-Ru Li, Ju Jiao and Yong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:115

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Integrated Angiography-Computed Tomography (ACT) suites were initially designed in the 1990’s to perform complex procedures requiring high-resolution cross-sectional imaging and fluoroscopy. Since then, there ...

    Authors: Joseph P. Erinjeri, Raphael Doustaly, Grégoire Avignon, Achiude Bendet, Elena N. Petre, Etay Ziv, Hooman Yarmohammadi and Stephen B. Solomon

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:114

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Deep learning algorithms are increasingly used for automatic medical imaging analysis and cardiac chamber segmentation. Especially in congenital heart disease, obtaining a sufficient number of training images ...

    Authors: Gerhard-Paul Diller, Julius Vahle, Robert Radke, Maria Luisa Benesch Vidal, Alicia Jeanette Fischer, Ulrike M. M. Bauer, Samir Sarikouch, Felix Berger, Philipp Beerbaum, Helmut Baumgartner and Stefan Orwat

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:113

    Content type: Research article

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  14. To develop and validate a nomogram for early identification of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) based on initial clinical and CT characteristics.

    Authors: Yixing Yu, Ximing Wang, Min Li, Lan Gu, Zongyu Xie, Wenhao Gu, Feng Xu, Yaxing Bao, Rongrong Liu, Su Hu, Mengjie Hu and Chunhong Hu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:111

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Coronary artery angiography is an indispensable assistive technique for cardiac interventional surgery. Segmentation and extraction of blood vessels from coronary angiographic images or videos are very essenti...

    Authors: Lu Wang, Dongxue Liang, Xiaolei Yin, Jing Qiu, Zhiyun Yang, Junhui Xing, Jianzeng Dong and Zhaoyuan Ma

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:110

    Content type: Research article

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  16. CT texture analysis (CTTA) has been successfully used to assess tissue heterogeneity in multiple diseases. The purpose of this work is to demonstrate the value of three-dimensional CTTA in the evaluation of di...

    Authors: Bettina Katalin Budai, Ambrus Tóth, Petra Borsos, Veronica Grace Frank, Sonaz Shariati, Bence Fejér, Anikó Folhoffer, Ferenc Szalay, Viktor Bérczi and Pál Novák Kaposi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:108

    Content type: Research article

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  17. We compared the ultrasound features, superb microvascular imaging (SMI) and micro vessel density (MVD) of pleomorphic adenoma (PA), Warthin’s tumor (WT) and basal cell adenoma (BCA) to explore the clinic value...

    Authors: Lihui Zhao, Yiran Mao, Jie Mu, Jing Zhao, Fangxuan Li, Sheng Zhang and Xiaojie Xin

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:107

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Current sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) techniques, including use of radioisotopes, have disadvantages including the use of a radioactive tracer. Indocyanine green (ICG) based near-infrared (NIR) fluorescenc...

    Authors: Nidal Muhanna, Harley H. L. Chan, Catriona M. Douglas, Michael J. Daly, Atul Jaidka, Donovan Eu, Jonathan Bernstein, Jason L. Townson and Jonathan C. Irish

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:106

    Content type: Research article

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  19. MR imaging of neuroblastic tumors is widely used for assessing the effect of chemotherapy on tumor size. However, there are some concerns that MRI might falsely estimate lesion diameters due to calcification a...

    Authors: Sebastian Gassenmaier, Ilias Tsiflikas, Simon Maennlin, Cristian Urla, Steven W. Warmann and Juergen F. Schaefer

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:105

    Content type: Research article

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  20. To develop and validate an MRI-based radiomics nomogram for differentiation of cervical spine ORN from metastasis after radiotherapy (RT) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).

    Authors: Xi Zhong, Li Li, Huali Jiang, Jinxue Yin, Bingui Lu, Wen Han, Jiansheng Li and Jian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:104

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The aim of the present study was to investigate the pathological features of vestibular aqueduct (VA) related high jugular bulb (HJB) and explore the possible cause-consequence relation between HJB and endolym...

    Authors: Junjiao Hu, Anquan Peng, Kai Deng, Chao Huang, Qin Wang, Xueying Pan, Wei Liu, Zhiwen Zhang, Wenqi Jiang and Yichao Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:103

    Content type: Research article

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  22. This study aimed to develop evidence-based clinical imaging guidelines to assess the proper implant location following implant surgery and identify potential complications during follow-up.

    Authors: Min-Ji Kim, Sam-Sun Lee, Miyoung Choi, Hwan Seok Yong, Chena Lee, Jo-Eun Kim and Min-Suk Heo

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:102

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Misclassifications of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE) as intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) may lead to inappropriate treatment strategies. The aim of this study was to explore the differential diagno...

    Authors: Zeng-Cheng Wa, Ting Du, Xian-Feng Li, Hui-Qing Xu, Qiu-Cuo Suo-Ang, Li-Da Chen, Hang-Tong Hu, Wei Wang and Ming-De Lu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:101

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The aim of this study was to characterize the radiological features of myofibroma on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and correlate the imaging findings with pathol...

    Authors: Kun-ming Yi, Kang Chen, Qiang Ma, Lu Wang, Ran Li and Yi Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:100

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Duplication of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) is an extremely rare anatomic variation, with few case studies reported. We report one case of the duplicated SFA, discovered by both ultrasonography (US) an...

    Authors: Sung Hyun Yu, Jung Han Hwang, Jeong Ho Kim, Suyoung Park, Ki Hyun Lee and Sang Tae Choi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:99

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Breast cancer is a leading cause of cancer in females, and is the second leading cancer-related cause of death in this group. Early diagnosis is essential to breast cancer to be effectively treated, and ultras...

    Authors: Hongbiao Liu, Hongwei Zhan, Da Sun and Ying Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:98

    Content type: Research article

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  27. To testify whether multi-b-values diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can be used to ultra-early predict treatment response of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in cervical cancer patients and to assess the pre...

    Authors: Bing Liu, Wan-Ling Ma, Guang-Wen Zhang, Zhen Sun, Meng-Qi Wei, Wei-Huan Hou, Bing-Xin Hou, Li-Chun Wei and Yi Huan

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:97

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Intraoperative 3-dimensional (3D) navigation is increasingly being used for pedicle screw placement. For this purpose, dedicated mobile 3D C-arms are capable of providing intraoperative fluoroscopy-based 3D im...

    Authors: Yashar Naseri, Ulrich Hubbe, Christoph Scholz, Johannes Brönner, Marie T. Krüger and Jan-Helge Klingler

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:96

    Content type: Technical advance

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  29. The upgrade rate of biopsy-confirmed ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) to invasive carcinoma is up to 50% on final pathology. We investigated MRI and clinicopathologic predictors of the invasive components of DC...

    Authors: Ga Young Yoon, Woo Jung Choi, Joo Hee Cha, Hee Jung Shin, Eun Young Chae and Hak Hee Kim

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:95

    Content type: Research article

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  30. To analyse the influence of whole body (wb)-MRI on patient management compared to routine diagnostic tests in patients with fever of unknown origin (FUO).

    Authors: Anoshirwan Andrej Tavakoli, Miriam Reichert, Tanja Blank, Dietmar Dinter, Sabine Weckbach, Dieter Buchheidt, Stefan Oswald Schoenberg and Ulrike Attenberger

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:94

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of upper and lower motor neurons. There is a need for an imaging biomarker to track disease progression. Previously, mag...

    Authors: Ashwag R. Alruwaili, Kerstin Pannek, Robert D. Henderson, Marcus Gray, Nyoman D. Kurniawan and Pamela A. McCombe

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:90

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Metastatic glioblastoma presenting as a solitary osteolytic cervical vertebral mass without primary brain tumor relapse is extremely rare with only 1 reported case in the literature. Because of its rarity, it ...

    Authors: Zu-Gui Li, Min-Ying Zheng, Qi Zhao, Kai Liu, Jia-Xing Du and Shi-Wu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:89

    Content type: Case report

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  33. To evaluate the feasibility of using simultaneous multi-slice (SMS) readout segmentation of long variable echo-trains (RESOLVE) diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) to assess parotid gland tumors, compared with co...

    Authors: Jia-Suo Jiang, Liu-Ning Zhu, Qian Wu, Yi Sun, Wei Liu, Xiao-Quan Xu and Fei-Yun Wu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:93

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) usually requires parathyroidectomy when drug regimens fail. However, obtaining an exact preoperative map of the locations of the parathyroid glands is a challenge. The purp...

    Authors: Rongqin Zhang, Zhanwen Zhang, Pinbo Huang, Zhi Li, Rui Hu, Jie Zhang, Wanglin Qiu and Ping Hu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:91

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The diagnostic accuracies of the imaging studies should be clearly acknowledged in managing head and neck cancer patients; however, the accuracies of preoperative imaging studies in detecting retropharyngeal l...

    Authors: Jin Hwan Kim, Kyu Young Choi, Sang-Hyo Lee, Dong Jin Lee, Bum Jung Park, Dae Young Yoon and Young-Soo Rho

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:88

    Content type: Research article

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  36. This paper addresses issues of brain tumor, glioma, classification from four modalities of Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI) scans (i.e., T1 weighted MRI, T1 weighted MRI with contrast-enhanced, T2 weighted MRI a...

    Authors: Chenjie Ge, Irene Yu-Hua Gu, Asgeir Store Jakola and Jie Yang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:87

    Content type: Technical advance

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  37. BRCA1/2 deleterious variants account for most of the hereditary breast and ovarian cancer cases. Prediction models and guidelines for the assessment of genetic risk rely heavily on criteria with high variability ...

    Authors: Georgia Vasileiou, Maria J. Costa, Christopher Long, Iris R. Wetzler, Juliane Hoyer, Cornelia Kraus, Bernt Popp, Julius Emons, Marius Wunderle, Evelyn Wenkel, Michael Uder, Matthias W. Beckmann, Sebastian M. Jud, Peter A. Fasching, Alexander Cavallaro, André Reis…

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:86

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Accurate differentiation between malignant and benign changes in soft tissue and bone lesions is essential for the prevention of unnecessary biopsies and surgical resection. Nevertheless, it remains a challeng...

    Authors: Bo Chen, Hongbo Feng, Jinghui Xie, Chun Li, Yu Zhang and Shaowu Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:85

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The aim of this was to analyze 4 chest CT imaging features of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Shenzhen, China so as to improve the diagnosis of COVID-19.

    Authors: Jun Jin, De-hong Gao, Xin Mo, Si-ping Tan, Zhen-xia Kou, Yi-bo Chen, Jin-bo Cao, Wen-jing Chen, Ya-ming Zhang, Bing-qing Li, Kuan-long Huang, Bing-ren Xu, Xiao-li Tang and Yu-li Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:84

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Colonic polyps are more likely to be cancerous, especially those with large diameter, large number and atypical hyperplasia. If colonic polyps cannot be treated in early stage, they are likely to develop into ...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Jinge Tian, Chengwen Zhang, Yanhong Luo, Xin Wang and Ji Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:83

    Content type: Technical advance

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  41. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a common orthopaedic procedure. We developed a novel, low dose computed tomography (LDCT) protocol to assess tunnel position post-operatively. The effective r...

    Authors: Varun Vasudeva, Stephen Key, Alfred Phillips, Steve Kahane, Joseph Stevens, Chris Wall and Price Gallie

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:82

    Content type: Research article

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  42. 18F-THK5351 was recently shown to bind to monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) with high affinity. MAO-B is highly concentrated in astrocytes and increases during astrogliosis. Therefore, 18F-THK5351 accumulates in lesion...

    Authors: Kenji Ishibashi, Yoshiharu Miura, Kosei Hirata, Jun Toyohara and Kenji Ishii

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:81

    Content type: Case report

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  43. There is an increased interest in quantifying and characterizing epicardial fat which has been linked to various cardiovascular diseases such as coronary artery disease and atrial fibrillation. Recently, three...

    Authors: Markus Henningsson, Martin Brundin, Tobias Scheffel, Carl Edin, Federica Viola and Carl-Johan Carlhäll

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:80

    Content type: Technical advance

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  44. Ultrasonography-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) was was proved to be an effective and safe treatment with few complications for benign thyroid nodule. In cases of incompletely treated nodule margin, secon...

    Authors: Ziyu Jiao, Yukun Luo, Qing Song, Lin Yan, Yaqiong Zhu and Fang Xie

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:79

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Accurate identification of Parkinson’s disease (PD) and Parkinsonism-Plus syndrome (PPS), especially in the early stage of the disease, is very important. The purpose of this study was to investigate the discr...

    Authors: Lina Cheng, Xiaoyan Wu, Ruomi Guo, Yuzhou Wang, Wensheng Wang, Peng He, Hanbo Lin and Jun Shen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:78

    Content type: Research article

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  46. This study aimed to investigate integrating radiomics with clinical factors in cranial computed tomography (CT) to predict ischemic strokes in patients with silent lacunar infarction (SLI).

    Authors: Jie-hua Su, Ling-wei Meng, Di Dong, Wen-yan Zhuo, Jian-ming Wang, Li-bin Liu, Yi Qin, Ye Tian, Jie Tian and Zhao-hui Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:77

    Content type: Research article

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