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  1. This study aims to observe and analyze the effect of diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on the patients with locally advanced breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

    Authors: Nannan Lu, Jie Dong, Xin Fang, Lufang Wang, Wei Jia, Qiong Zhou, Lingyu Wang, Jie Wei, Yueyin Pan and Xinghua Han

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:155

    Content type: Research

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  2. The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) causes tens of million infection world-wide. Many machine learning methods have been proposed for the computer-aided diagnosis between COVID-19 and community...

    Authors: Qi Zhu, Haizhou Ye, Liang Sun, Zhongnian Li, Ran Wang, Feng Shi, Dinggang Shen and Daoqiang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:154

    Content type: Research

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  3. Screening of breast cancer in asymptomatic women is important to evaluate for early diagnosis. In China ultrasound is a more frequently used method than mammography for the detection of breast cancer. The obje...

    Authors: Zhongtao Bao, Yanchun Zhao, Shuqiang Chen, Xiaoyu Chen, Xiang Xu, Linglin Wei and Ling Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:152

    Content type: Research

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  4. Motion artifacts affect the images of coronary calcified plaques. This study utilized convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to classify the motion-contaminated images of moving coronary calcified plaques and to...

    Authors: Magdalena Dobrolińska, Niels van der Werf, Marcel Greuter, Beibei Jiang, Riemer Slart and Xueqian Xie

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:151

    Content type: Research article

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  5. To assess the value of the multimodel magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), including unenhanced images, dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI), MR-cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), and diffusion-weighted imaging ...

    Authors: Huihui Jia, Jialin Li, Wenjun Huang and Guangwu Lin

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:149

    Content type: Research

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  6. Cervical plexus (CP) tumours are difficult to diagnose because of atypical symptoms. This study aimed to summarize the features of a normal CP and CP tumours observed on high-frequency ultrasonography.

    Authors: Wenqing Gong, Jing Wang, Liwei Huang, Xu Yang, Dingzhang Chen and Minjuan Zheng

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:148

    Content type: Research

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  7. Radiomics analysis is a newly emerging quantitative image analysis technique. The aim of this study was to extract a radiomics signature from the computed tomography (CT) imaging to determine the infarction on...

    Authors: Xuehua Wen, Zhenyu Shu, Yumei Li, Xingfei Hu and Xiangyang Gong

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:147

    Content type: Research

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  8. It has been reported the prognostic value of MTV in predicting the disease prognosis of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) through pre-treatment PET/CT imaging. However, these are limited data on pretreatment e...

    Authors: Yafei Zhang, Guangfa Wang, Xin Zhao, Yongxian Hu, Elaine Tan Su Yin, Donghe Chen, Huatao Wang and Kui Zhao

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:145

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique used for evaluating changes in the white matter in brain parenchyma. The reliability of quantitative DTI analysis is influenced by...

    Authors: Ullamari Hakulinen, Antti Brander, Tero Ilvesmäki, Mika Helminen, Juha Öhman, Teemu M. Luoto and Hannu Eskola

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:144

    Content type: Research

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  10. Automated language analysis of radiology reports using natural language processing (NLP) can provide valuable information on patients’ health and disease. With its rapid development, NLP studies should have tr...

    Authors: Emma M. Davidson, Michael T. C. Poon, Arlene Casey, Andreas Grivas, Daniel Duma, Hang Dong, Víctor Suárez-Paniagua, Claire Grover, Richard Tobin, Heather Whalley, Honghan Wu, Beatrice Alex and William Whiteley

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:142

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To explore the diagnostic value of three different measurement approaches in differentiating T1a–T1b from T2 gastric cancer (GC) lesions.

    Authors: Yuan Yuan, Shengnan Ren, Tiegong Wang, Fu Shen, Qiang Hao and Jianping Lu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:140

    Content type: Research article

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  12. To investigate the renal dysfunction in patients with hyperuricemia by employing a multiparametric MRI protocol, consisting of quantitative water molecule diffusion, microstructure, microscopic perfusion, and ...

    Authors: You-Zhen Feng, Xiang-Nan Dong, Qi-Ting Lin, Ping-Kang Chen, Xiao-Qing Xiong, SiTu DingKun, Long Qian, Zhong-Yuan Cheng and Xiang-Ran Cai

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:139

    Content type: Research

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  13. To estimate median liver iron concentration (LIC) calculated from magnetic resonance imaging, excluded vessels of the liver parenchyma region were defined manually. Previous works proposed the automated method...

    Authors: Kittichai Wantanajittikul, Pairash Saiviroonporn, Suwit Saekho, Rungroj Krittayaphong and Vip Viprakasit

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:138

    Content type: Research

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  14. Non-contrast FLAIR revealed increased signal within the inner ear in patients with vestibular schwannoma, which is generally assumed to occur in the perilymph; however, the majority of previous studies did not...

    Authors: Iichiro Osawa, Eito Kozawa, Sayuri Tanaka, Akane Kaizu, Kaiji Inoue, Tetsuo Ikezono, Takamitsu Fujimaki and Mamoru Niitsu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:135

    Content type: Research

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  15. Postmortem magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used to investigate the cause of death, but due to time constraints, it is not widely applied to the heart. Therefore, MRI analysis of the heart after forma...

    Authors: Kiyokadzu Ebata, Sakon Noriki, Kunihiro Inai and Hirohiko Kimura

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:134

    Content type: Research

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  16. To compare the changes in quantitative parameters and the size and degree of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]FDG) uptake of malignant tumor lesions between Bayesian penalized-likelihood (BPL) and non-BPL reconstruct...

    Authors: Yao Liu, Mei-jia Gao, Jie Zhou, Fan Du, Liang Chen, Zhong-ke Huang, Ji-bo Hu and Cen Lou

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:133

    Content type: Research

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  17. Simultaneous multislice diffusion-weighted imaging (SMS-DWI) has been used to reduce image acquisition time. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) bas...

    Authors: Hui Xu, Nan Zhang, Da-Wei Yang, Ahong Ren, Hao Ren, Qian Zhang, Jin-Xia Zhu, Gui-Jin Li and Zheng-Han Yang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:132

    Content type: Research

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  18. We aimed to construct an artificial intelligence (AI) guided identification of suspicious bone metastatic lesions from the whole-body bone scintigraphy (WBS) images by convolutional neural networks (CNNs).

    Authors: Yemei Liu, Pei Yang, Yong Pi, Lisha Jiang, Xiao Zhong, Junjun Cheng, Yongzhao Xiang, Jianan Wei, Lin Li, Zhang Yi, Huawei Cai and Zhen Zhao

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:131

    Content type: Research

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  19. There is a high incidence of injury to the lateral ligament of the ankle in daily living and sports activities. The anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) is the most frequent types of ankle injuries. It is of g...

    Authors: Wen Yan, Xianghong Meng, Jinglai Sun, Hui Yu and Zhi Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:130

    Content type: Research

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  20. Estimating the prognosis of patients with pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) and porto-mesenteric venous gas (PMVG) can be challenging. The purpose of this study was to refine prognostication to improve decision ma...

    Authors: Marta Della Seta, Roman Kloeckner, Daniel Pinto dos Santos, Thula Cannon Walter-Rittel, Felix Hahn, Jörn Henze, Annika Gropp, Johann Pratschke, Bernd Hamm, Dominik Geisel and Timo Alexander Auer

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:129

    Content type: Research

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  21. Current clinical post-mortem imaging techniques do not provide sufficiently high-resolution imaging for smaller fetuses after pregnancy loss. Post-mortem micro-CT is a non-invasive technique that can deliver h...

    Authors: Ian Craig Simcock, Susan Cheng Shelmerdine, Dean Langan, Guy Anna, Neil James Sebire and Owen John Arthurs

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:128

    Content type: Research

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  22. Adenoid hypertrophy among orthodontic patients may be detected in lateral cephalograms. The study investigates the aerodynamic characteristics within the upper airway (UA) by means of computational fluid dynam...

    Authors: Xin Feng, Yicheng Chen, Weihua Cai, Stein Atle Lie, Kristina Hellén-Halme and Xie-Qi Shi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:127

    Content type: Research

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  23. Brachiocephalic trunk (BCT) variants may have a clinical impact during surgical procedures, some of which could be fatal. The objective of this study was to classify height positions of the BCT and report thei...

    Authors: Nadia Gabriela Jasso-Ramírez, Rodrigo E. Elizondo-Omaña, Ingrid Abigail Garza-Rico, Kouatzin Aguilar-Morales, Alejandro Quiroga-Garza, Guillermo Elizondo-Riojas, José Luis Treviño-González and Santos Guzman-Lopez

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:126

    Content type: Research

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  24. Accurate measurement of hemorrhage volume is critical for both the prediction of prognosis and the selection of appropriate clinical treatment after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). This study aimed...

    Authors: Tao Wang, Na Song, Lingling Liu, Zichao Zhu, Bing Chen, Wenjun Yang and Zhiqiang Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:125

    Content type: Research

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  25. Panoramic radiography is an imaging method for displaying maxillary and mandibular teeth together with their supporting structures. Panoramic radiography is frequently used in dental imaging due to its relativ...

    Authors: Elif Bilgir, İbrahim Şevki Bayrakdar, Özer Çelik, Kaan Orhan, Fatma Akkoca, Hande Sağlam, Alper Odabaş, Ahmet Faruk Aslan, Cemre Ozcetin, Musa Kıllı and Ingrid Rozylo-Kalinowska

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:124

    Content type: Research

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  26. To assess the potential of radiomic features to quantify components of blood in intraaortic vessels to non-invasively predict moderate-to-severe anemia in non-contrast enhanced CT scans.

    Authors: Scherwin Mahmoudi, Simon S. Martin, Jörg Ackermann, Yauheniya Zhdanovich, Ina Koch, Thomas J. Vogl, Moritz H. Albrecht, Lukas Lenga and Simon Bernatz

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:123

    Content type: Research

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  27. Functional imaging especially the SPECT bone scintigraphy has been accepted as the effective clinical tool for diagnosis, treatment, evaluation, and prevention of various diseases including metastasis. However...

    Authors: Qiang Lin, Chuangui Cao, Tongtong Li, Zhengxing Man, Yongchun Cao and Haijun Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:122

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Carotid atherosclerotic plaques with intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) are associated with elevated stroke risk. IPH is predominantly imaged based on paramagnetic properties of the upstream hemoglobin degradation prod...

    Authors: My Truong, Claes Håkansson, Makda HaileMichael, Jonas Svensson, Jimmy Lätt, Karin Markenroth Bloch, Roger Siemund, Isabel Gonçalves and Johan Wassélius

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:121

    Content type: Research

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  29. Gastroesophageal varices (GOV) are a life-threatening complication in chronic liver disease. A method for non-invasively predicting GOV is crucial for management. This study aimed to determine whether a vein-v...

    Authors: Yoshiki Hoshino, Takaaki Sugihara, Suguru Ikeda, Yukako Matsuki, Takakazu Nagahara, Jun-ichi Okano and Hajime Isomoto

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:120

    Content type: Research

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  30. Our group previously proved that the human enteric nervous system can be visualized with confocal laser endomicroscopy after topical application of cresyl violet using surgically resected intestine specimens. ...

    Authors: Atsushi Harada, Naoki Shimojima, Masakuni Kobayashi, Shunsuke Kamba, Seiichi Hirobe and Kazuki Sumiyama

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:118

    Content type: Technical advance

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  31. SpA is a disease that seriously affects the quality of life and working ability of patients. At present, there is a lack of scientific and effective quantitative indicators to evaluate the activity of sacroili...

    Authors: Mingui Lin, Xianyuan Chen, Shun Yu, Fei Gao and Mingping Ma

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:117

    Content type: Research

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  32. Quantification of non-ischemic myocardial scar remains a challenge due to the patchy diffuse nature of fibrosis. Extracellular volume (ECV) to guide late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) analysis may achieve a rob...

    Authors: Yoko Kato, Jorge R. Kizer, Mohammad R. Ostovaneh, Jason Lazar, Qi Peng, Rob J. van der Geest, Joao A. C. Lima and Bharath Ambale-Venkatesh

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:116

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential use of renal ultrasonography radiomics features in the histologic classification of glomerulopathy.

    Authors: Lijie Zhang, Zhengguang Chen, Lei Feng, Liwei Guo, Dong Liu, Jinjin Hai, Kai Qiao, Jian Chen, Bin Yan and Genyang Cheng

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:115

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Arterial brain vessel segmentation allows utilising clinically relevant information contained within the cerebral vascular tree. Currently, however, no standardised performance measure is available to evaluate...

    Authors: Orhun Utku Aydin, Abdel Aziz Taha, Adam Hilbert, Ahmed A. Khalil, Ivana Galinovic, Jochen B. Fiebach, Dietmar Frey and Vince Istvan Madai

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:113

    Content type: Research

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  35. Lung region segmentation is an important stage of automated image-based approaches for the diagnosis of respiratory diseases. Manual methods executed by experts are considered the gold standard, but it is time...

    Authors: Michael Osadebey, Hilde K. Andersen, Dag Waaler, Kristian Fossaa, Anne C. T. Martinsen and Marius Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:112

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In medical diagnosis of brain, the role of multi-modal medical image fusion is becoming more prominent. Among them, there is no lack of filtering layered fusion and newly emerging deep learning algorithms. The...

    Authors: Kai Guo, Xiongfei Li, Xiaohan Hu, Jichen Liu and Tiehu Fan

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:111

    Content type: Research

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  37. For the treatment of radicular pain, nerve root infiltrations can be performed under MRI guidance in select, typically younger, patients where repeated CT exams are not desirable due to associated radiation ri...

    Authors: Max Scheffler, Pauline Coralie Guillemin, Orane Lorton, Enrique Maturana, Nicolas Lauper, Dennis E. Dominguez, Sylvain Terraz, Pierre-Alexandre Poletti, Rares Salomir and Sana Boudabbous

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:110

    Content type: Technical advance

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  38. Glioma is a malignant brain tumor; its location is complex and is difficult to remove surgically. To diagnosis the brain tumor, doctors can precisely diagnose and localize the disease using medical images. How...

    Authors: Chih-Wei Lin, Yu Hong and Jinfu Liu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:109

    Content type: Technical advance

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  39. To evaluate the performance of a Deep Learning Image Reconstruction (DLIR) algorithm in pediatric head CT for improving image quality and lesion detection with 0.625 mm thin-slice images.

    Authors: Jihang Sun, Haoyan Li, Bei Wang, Jianying Li, Michelle Li, Zuofu Zhou and Yun Peng

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:108

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. To develop a regression neural network for the reconstruction of lesion probability maps on Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting using echo-planar imaging (MRF-EPI) in addition to ...

    Authors: Ingo Hermann, Alena K. Golla, Eloy Martínez-Heras, Ralf Schmidt, Elisabeth Solana, Sara Llufriu, Achim Gass, Lothar R. Schad and Frank G. Zöllner

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:107

    Content type: Technical advance

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  41. The amount of muscle volume (MV) varies between individuals and is important for health, well-being and performance. Therefore, the monitoring of MV using different imaging modalities is important. Magnetic re...

    Authors: Rasmus Liegnell, Fredrik Wessman, Adel Shalabi and Marita Harringe

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:106

    Content type: Research article

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