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  1. Content type: Case report

    Primary angiitis of the central nervous system (PACNS) is a rare disease, and tumor-like primary angiitis of the central nervous system is even rarer. Histopathology is the gold standard for tumor-mimicking PA...

    Authors: Yu-Jing Huang, Li Zhang, Ying Mao and Guang-Xian Nan

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:79

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The inflammation reaction in the brain may stimulate damage repair or possibly lead to secondary brain injury. It is often associated with activated microglia, which would overexpress 18-kDa translocator prote...

    Authors: Chun-Yi Wu, Yang-Yi Chen, Jia-Jia Lin, Jui-Ping Li, Jen-Kun Chen, Te-Chun Hsieh and Chia-Hung Kao

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:78

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), and the combination of CEUS and MRI (CCWM) for the diagnosis of periampullary space-occupying lesions (PSOL) was investigated.

    Authors: Xin-Pei Chen, Jiang Liu, Jing Zhou, Peng-Cheng Zhou, Jian Shu, Lu-Lu Xu, Bo Li and Song Su

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:77

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Dual-layer spectral detector CT (SDCT) may provide several theoretical advantages over pre-existing DECT approaches in terms of adjustment-free sampling number and dose modulation, beam hardening correction, a...

    Authors: Hyo-Jin Kang, Jeong Min Lee, Sang Min Lee, Hyun Kyung Yang, Ri Hyeon Kim, Ju Gang Nam, Aruna Karnawat and Joon Koo Han

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:76

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  5. Content type: Research article

    In recent years, skeletal muscle-related ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) has become more common. IRI can lead to severe limb injuries, multiple organ failure, and even death in some cases. However, there is ...

    Authors: Chengzhi Li, Xingyi Liu, Huimin You, Hong Zhang, Yuqi Liu and Yan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:75

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  6. Content type: Research article

    This study evaluates carotid vulnerable plaques using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and explores the relationship between vulnerable plaques and leukocytes.

    Authors: Xianghong Luo, Wanbin Li, Yun Bai, Lianfang Du, Rong Wu and Zhaojun Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:74

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The automatic glioma segmentation is of great significance for clinical practice. This study aims to propose an automatic method based on superpixel for glioma segmentation from the T2 weighted Magnetic Resona...

    Authors: Yaping Wu, Zhe Zhao, Weiguo Wu, Yusong Lin and Meiyun Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:73

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Ultrasonography has become an indispensible tool in the management of obstetric patients. Accurate determination of fetal gestational age (FGA) has posed great challenge to patient management as the accuracy o...

    Authors: Everistus Obinna Abonyi, Charles Ugwoke Eze, Kennedy Kenechukwu Agwuna and Warric Sobechukwu Onwuzu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:72

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  9. Content type: Technical advance

    Compared to surgery, radiofrequency ablation(RFA) for colorectal liver metastasis(CRLM) is associated with higher local recurrence(LR) rates. A wide margin (at least 5 mm) is generally recommended to prevent L...

    Authors: B. G. Sibinga Mulder, P. Hendriks, T. R. Baetens, A. R. van Erkel, C. S. P. van Rijswijk, R. W. van der Meer, C. J. H. van de Velde, A. L. Vahrmeijer, J. S. D. Mieog and M. C. Burgmans

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:71

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS) is a rare clinical disorder and typically occurs in association with occult neuroblastic tumor in pediatric patients. I-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (mIBG) scintigraphy is wi...

    Authors: Corinna Storz, Roland Bares, Martin Ebinger, Rupert Handgretinger, Ilias Tsiflikas and Jürgen F. Schäfer

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:70

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Pocket-sized ultrasound devices are increasingly used in a variety of clinical situations, and perform well against standard ultrasound machines. We sought to investigate if a pocket-sized ultrasound device ca...

    Authors: Peter Turton, Richard Hay and Ingeborg Welters

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:69

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to compare non-contrast-enhanced 3D phase contrast magnetic resonance angiography (3D PC-MRA) and conventional intravenous administration of contrast media, i.e., contrast-enhanced MR...

    Authors: Ming-Chen Wu, Ming-Yi Hsu, Ren-Fu Shie, Ming-Huei Cheng, Fang-I Chu, Chien-Yuan Lin, Yui-Ping Fan and Sung-Yu Chu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:68

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Myxoid tumors pose diagnostic challenges for radiologists and pathologists. All myxoid tumors can be differentiated from each other using fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) or immunohistochemical markers...

    Authors: Teresa Martin-Carreras, Hongming Li, Kumarasen Cooper, Yong Fan and Ronnie Sebro

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:67

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Flat detector CT – angiography (FDCTA) has become a valuable imaging tool in post- and peri-interventional imaging after neurovascular procedures. Metal artifacts produced by radiopaque implants like clips or ...

    Authors: Nadine Amelung, Volker Maus, Daniel Behme, Ismini E. Papageorgiou, Johanna Rosemarie Leyhe, Michael Knauth and Marios Nikos Psychogios

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:66

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) is the gold standard for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE). However, contrast is contraindicated in some patients. The purpose of this study was to deter...

    Authors: Chiao-Hsuan Chien, Fu-Chieh Shih, Chin-Yu Chen, Chia-Hui Chen, Wan-Ling Wu and Chee-Wai Mak

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:65

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Our aim was to compare CT images from native, nephrographic and excretory phases using image quality criteria as well as the detection of positive pathological findings in CT Urography, to explore if the radia...

    Authors: Bharti Kataria, Jonas Nilsson Althén, Örjan Smedby, Anders Persson, Hannibal Sökjer and Michael Sandborg

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:64

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  17. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the value of predictive nomogram in optimizing computed tomography (CT)-based differential diagnosis of primary progressive pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) from community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in...

    Authors: Bei Wang, Min Li, He Ma, Fangfang Han, Yan Wang, Shunying Zhao, Zhimin Liu, Tong Yu, Jie Tian, Di Dong and Yun Peng

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:63

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Imaging methods for the plantar fascia have included radiography, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), all of which have provided valuable information. This study assessed the reliability of ultras...

    Authors: Jing Wu, Yuan-zhi Zhang, Yang Gao and Tian-you Luo

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:62

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Central skull-base osteomyelitis (CSBO) represents a life-threatening complication of external ear canal infection. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) play key roles in assessment of...

    Authors: J. Mejzlik, M. Cerny, L. Zeinerova, J. Dedkova, J. Kopriva, K. Zadrobilek, J. Adamkov, V. Chrobok and V. Pellantova

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:60

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  20. Content type: Research article

    T1 mapping sequences such as MOLLI, ShMOLLI and SASHA make use of different technical approaches, bearing strengths and weaknesses. It is well known that obtained T1 relaxation times differ between the sequenc...

    Authors: Julius F. Heidenreich, Andreas M. Weng, Julian Donhauser, Andreas Greiser, Kelvin Chow, Peter Nordbeck, Thorsten A. Bley and Herbert Köstler

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:59

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The reliable quantification of myocardial blood flow (MBF) with MRI, necessitates the correction of errors in arterial input function (AIF) caused by the T1 saturation effect. The aim of this study was to compare...

    Authors: Minna Husso, Mikko J. Nissi, Antti Kuivanen, Paavo Halonen, Miikka Tarkia, Jarmo Teuho, Virva Saunavaara, Pauli Vainio, Petri Sipola, Hannu Manninen, Seppo Ylä-Herttuala, Juhani Knuuti and Juha Töyräs

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:58

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  22. Content type: Research article

    In this study we sought to retrospectively evaluate whether a very brief cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) protocol sufficiently distinguishes patients with relevant myocardial changes with need for fur...

    Authors: Jonathan Nadjiri, Anna-Lena Zaschka, Alexandra S. Straeter, Andreas Sauter, Maximilian Englmaier, Florian Weis, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Ernst J. Rummeny, Daniela Pfeiffer and Michael Rasper

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:57

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Nasopharyngoscopy is a common method to evaluate velopharyngeal closure in patients with cleft palate. However, insertion of a fiberoptic nasopharyngoscope causes discomfort in patients. The aim of this study ...

    Authors: Yoshikazu Kobayashi, Daisuke Kanamori, Naoko Fujii, Yumi Kataoka, Emiko Hirai, Satoshi Yoshioka, Koji Satoh, Hiroshi Toyama, Kensei Naito and Koichiro Matsuo

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:54

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The invasive method for intracranial pressure measurement is ‘gold standard’ but not always feasible because the intraventricular catheter/ intraparenchymal micro transducer used in the measurement of intracra...

    Authors: Jing Zhou, Jing Li, Tiantian Ye and Yanrong Zeng

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:53

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  25. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the median-to-ulnar nerve ratio (MUR) and the median-to-ulnar nerve difference (MUD) in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).

    Authors: Yi-Wei Chang, Tsung-Cheng Hsieh, I-Shiang Tzeng, Valeria Chiu, Pei-Jung Huang and Yi-Shiung Horng

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:52

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) in the medical field has received more and more attention in recent years. One important CAD application is to detect and classify breast lesions in ultrasound images. Traditiona...

    Authors: Zhantao Cao, Lixin Duan, Guowu Yang, Ting Yue and Qin Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:51

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  27. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to investigate the image quality and adverse events (AEs) of ethiodized poppyseed oil (EPO) compared with ioversol as contrast agents in hysterosalpingography (HSG).

    Authors: Yiqing Tan, Shilin Zheng, Wenfeng Lei, Fuhua Wang, Shengpan Jiang, Ting Zeng, Bei Zhou and Fan Hong

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:50

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The following study investigates the involvement of optic neuropathy in IgG4-related ophthalmic diseases (IgG4-ROD) based on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data, and different imaging features of IgG4-RO...

    Authors: Jing Li, Yan Zhang, Hang Zhou, Lei Wang, Zhenchang Wang and Hongyang Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:49

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Accurate segmentation of brain tumors is vital for the gross tumor volume (GTV) definition in radiotherapy. Functional MR images like apparent diffusion constant (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) images can...

    Authors: Ranran Sun, Keqiang Wang, Lu Guo, Chengwen Yang, Jie Chen, Yalin Ti and Yu Sa

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:48

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Grading of degeneration of the cervical spine is of great clinical value, considering the vast amount of radiological investigations that are being done with this query. Despite the fact that Computed Tomograp...

    Authors: Eric Rydman, Sara Bankler, Sari Ponzer and Hans Järnbert-Pettersson

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:45

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  31. Content type: Research article

    99mTc-labelled methylene diphosphonate (99mTc-MDP) uptake can occasionally be identified in extraosseous neoplasms on whole-body scans (WBSs) and may be misinterpreted as bone metastasis. The purpose of our study...

    Authors: Linqi Zhang, Qiao He, Tao Zhou, Bing Zhang, Wei Li, Hao Peng, Xi Zhong, Liwu Ma and Rusen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:44

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The purpose was to investigate the difference of detection rate of incidental pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs) with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to compare the difference b...

    Authors: Shuo Zhu, Wen-Tao Wang, Xiao-Sha Shang, Ting Ni, Wen-Chuan Wu, Wen-Hui Lou, Meng-Su Zeng and Sheng-Xiang Rao

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:43

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The aim was to examine correlations between radiological signs of chronic periodontitis, Mandibular Inferior Cortex (MIC) index and osteoporotic fracture probability based on the FRAX BMI tool.

    Authors: Paweł Kalinowski, Ingrid Różyło-Kalinowska, Magdalena Piskórz and Urszula Bojakowska-Komsta

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:41

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Pulmonary involvement is common in several infectious and non-infectious diagnostic settings. Imaging findings consistently overlap and are therefore difficult to differentiate by chest-CT. The aim of this stu...

    Authors: Christopher Kloth, Wolfgang Maximilian Thaiss, Robert Beck, Michael Haap, Jan Fritz, Meinrad Beer and Marius Horger

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:39

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies have highlighted the correlation between diabetes and pancreatic fat infiltration. Notably, pancreatic fat content (PFC) is a potential biomarker in diabetic patients, and magnetic resonance ima...

    Authors: Yidi Chen, Liling Long, Zijian Jiang, Ling Zhang, Delin Zhong and Xialing Huang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:38

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  36. Content type: Correction

    In the original version of this article [1], published on 8 November 2018, there was an error in the name of the 2nd author.

    Authors: Giasemi Koutouzi, Behrooz Nasihatkon, Monika Danielak-Nowak, Henrik Leonhardt, Mårten Falkenberg and Fredrik Kahl

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:37

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    The original article was published in BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:42

  37. Content type: Research article

    Low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma (LGMS) is a rare type of tumor. Previous research has paid much attention to reporting pathological analyses of LGMS. However, only few systematic clinical and/or radiological...

    Authors: Lu Wang, Ling-Xia Li, De-Qiang Chen, Lin Yang, Shu-Kui Li and Cai Cheng

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:36

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  38. Content type: Case report

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare clinic-radiological entity characterized by headache, an altered mental status, visual disturbances, and seizures. Reversible splenial lesion syndr...

    Authors: Qing Yang, Can-can Chang, Mengxiao Liu and Yong-qiang Yu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:35

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  39. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to assess the effect of exposure parameters such as milliampere (mA) and field of view (FOV) of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) on a metal artifact of dental implants placed in different ...

    Authors: Abbas Shokri, Mohammad Reza Jamalpour, Atefeh Khavid, Zeinab Mohseni and Masoud Sadeghi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:34

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study is to compare the performance of three-dimensional magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (3D-MRCP) with non-MRCP T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences for diagn...

    Authors: Nino Bogveradze, Felix Hasse, Philipp Mayer, Christian Rupp, Christin Tjaden, Miriam Klauss, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor and Tim Frederik Weber

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:33

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The goal of our study was to evaluate the current approach in prediction of postoperative major complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), especially symptomatic pancreatic fistula (POPF), using paramet...

    Authors: Nicolas Linder, Alexander Schaudinn, Katharina Langenhan, Felix Krenzien, Hans-Michael Hau, Christian Benzing, Georgi Atanasov, Moritz Schmelzle, Thomas Kahn, Harald Busse, Michael Bartels, Ulf Neumann and Georg Wiltberger

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:32

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  42. Content type: Technical advance

    Facial paralysis (FP) is a neuromotor dysfunction that losses voluntary muscles movement in one side of the human face. As the face is the basic means of social interactions and emotional expressions among hum...

    Authors: Jocelyn Barbosa, Woo-Keun Seo and Jaewoo Kang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:30

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