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  1. Quantitative bone SPECT/CT is useful for disease follow up and inter-patient comparison. For bone metastatic malignant lesions, spine is the most commonly invaded site. However, Quantitative studies with large...

    Authors: Na Qi, Qingyuan Meng, Zhiwen You, Huiqian Chen, Yi Shou and Jun Zhao

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:39

    Content type: Original research

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  2. Non-invasive imaging is of interest for tracking the progression of atherosclerosis in the carotid bifurcation, and segmenting this region into its constituent branch arteries is necessary for analyses. The pu...

    Authors: Magnus Ziegler, Jesper Alfraeus, Mariana Bustamante, Elin Good, Jan Engvall, Ebo de Muinck and Petter Dyverfeldt

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:38

    Content type: Original research

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  3. This study aims to investigate the value of radiomics parameters derived from contrast enhanced (CE) MRI in differentiation of hypovascular non-functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (hypo-NF-pNETs) and s...

    Authors: Tao Song, Qian-Wen Zhang, Shao-Feng Duan, Yun Bian, Qiang Hao, Peng-Yi Xing, Tie-Gong Wang, Lu-Guang Chen, Chao Ma and Jian-Ping Lu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:36

    Content type: Original research

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  4. Long-term exposure to coal dust causes respiratory disease. In chest computer tomography (CT), pulmonary nodules, pulmonary interstitial fibrosis and emphysema manifest themselves. However, tracheal foreign bo...

    Authors: Li-juan Zhong, Min Yan, Yi Wang, Dai-quan Zhou, Jian-ming Tang and Shou-hong Xiang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:35

    Content type: Case report

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  5. To establish the normal reference range of fetal thorax by two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound VOCAL technique and evaluate the application in diagnosing fetal thoracic malformations.

    Authors: Xihua Lian, Zhenhong Xu, Liping Zheng, Zhixing Zhu, Tofunmi Ejiwale, Ayush Kumar, Peiya Cai, Shaozheng He, Shunlan Liu, Ying Zhang and Guorong Lyu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:34

    Content type: Research article

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  6. This study aims to compare the difference of the brain changes of glucose metabolism between temporal lobe epilepsy patients (TLE) with major depressive disorder and temporal TLE without major depressive disor...

    Authors: Jin-Feng Wen, Xin-Wen Guo, Xiang-Yi Cao, Ji-Wu Liao, Ping Ma, Xiang-Shu Hu and Ji-Yang Pan

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:33

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The background parenchymal enhancement at breast magnetic resonance imaging use to predict breast cancer attracts many searchers to draw a possible relationship. However, the results of their relationships wer...

    Authors: Na Hu, Jinghao Zhao, Yong Li, Quanshui Fu, Linwei Zhao, Hong Chen, Wei Qin and Guoqing Yang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:32

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In this COVID-19 pandemic, the differential diagnosis of viral pneumonia is still challenging. We aimed to assess the classification performance of computed tomography (CT)-based CT signs and radiomics feature...

    Authors: Yilong Huang, Zhenguang Zhang, Siyun Liu, Xiang Li, Yunhui Yang, Jiyao Ma, Zhipeng Li, Jialong Zhou, Yuanming Jiang and Bo He

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:31

    Content type: Original research

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  9. CT artifacts induced by orthopedic implants can limit image quality and diagnostic yield. As a number of different strategies to reduce artifact extent exist, the aim of this study was to systematically compar...

    Authors: Florian A. Huber, Kai Sprengel, Lydia Müller, Laura C. Graf, Georg Osterhoff and Roman Guggenberger

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:29

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Recent studies provide evidence that hepatocellular  adenomas  (HCAs) frequently take up gadoxetic acid (Gd-EOB) during the hepatobiliary phase (HBP). The purpose of our study was to investigate how to differe...

    Authors: Timo Alexander Auer, Thula Walter-Rittel, Dominik Geisel, Wenzel Schöning, Moritz Schmelzle, Tobias Müller, Bruno Sinn, Timm Denecke, Bernd Hamm and Uli Fehrenbach

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:28

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Image segmentation is a common task in medical imaging e.g., for volumetry analysis in cardiac MRI. Artificial neural networks are used to automate this task with performance similar to manual operators. Howev...

    Authors: Markus J. Ankenbrand, Liliia Shainberg, Michael Hock, David Lohr and Laura M. Schreiber

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:27

    Content type: Software

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  12. Primary lymphoma of the cavernous sinus is a rare form of extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma, of which very few cases have been reported in the published literature. This report presents the MRI findings with app...

    Authors: Cheng-Chun Yang, Tai-Yuan Chen, Yu-Kun Tsui and Ching-Chung Ko

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:25

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Coronary CT angiography (CCTA) is a complicated CT exam in comparison to other CT protocols. Exam success highly depends on image assessment of experienced radiologist and the procedure is often time-consuming...

    Authors: Cheng Yan, Guofeng Zhou, Xue Yang, Xiuliang Lu, Mengsu Zeng and Min Ji

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:24

    Content type: Original research

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  14. Early detection of marginal bone loss is vital for treatment planning and prognosis of teeth and implant. This study was conducted to assess diagnostic accuracy of CBCT compared to intra-oral (IO) radiography ...

    Authors: Dandan Song, Sohaib Shujaat, Karla de Faria Vasconcelos, Yan Huang, Constantinus Politis, Ivo Lambrichts and Reinhilde Jacobs

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:23

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Meningiomas typically manifest on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as iso- to hypointense on T1-weighted imaging and iso- to hyperintense on T2-weighted imaging. After contrast administration, they usually hom...

    Authors: Miao Wang, Zhongke Wang, Peng Ren, Xiaoqing Zhang and Shiyong Liu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:22

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Endovascular therapy is the gold standard in patients with hemodynamic relevant renal artery stenosis (RAS) resistant to medical therapy. The severity grading of the stenosis as well as the result assessment a...

    Authors: Anne Marie Augustin, Stefan Welsch, Thorsten Alexander Bley, Kai Lopau and Ralph Kickuth

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:21

    Content type: Research article

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  17. To determine the predictive capability of MRI-based radiomics for extrathyroidal extension detection in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) pre-surgically.

    Authors: Ran Wei, Hao Wang, Lanyun Wang, Wenjuan Hu, Xilin Sun, Zedong Dai, Jie Zhu, Hong Li, Yaqiong Ge and Bin Song

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:20

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Accurate staging of patients with gastric cancer is necessary for selection of the most appropriate and personalized therapy. Computed tomography (CT) is currently used as primary staging tool, being widely av...

    Authors: Sofie De Vuysere, Vincent Vandecaveye, Yves De Bruecker, Saskia Carton, Koen Vermeiren, Tim Tollens, Frederik De Keyzer and Raphaëla Carmen Dresen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:18

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Based on conventional MRI images, it is difficult to differentiatepseudoprogression from true progressionin GBM patients after standard treatment, which isa critical issue associated with survival. The aim of ...

    Authors: Ying-Zhi Sun, Lin-Feng Yan, Yu Han, Hai-Yan Nan, Gang Xiao, Qiang Tian, Wen-Hui Pu, Ze-Yang Li, Xiao-Cheng Wei, Wen Wang and Guang-Bin Cui

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:17

    Content type: Research article

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  20. To investigate the effect of using a Rician nonlocal means (NLM) filter on quantification of diffusion tensor (DT)- and diffusion kurtosis (DK)-derived metrics in various anatomical regions of the human brain ...

    Authors: Zhongping Zhang, Dhanashree Vernekar, Wenshu Qian and Mina Kim

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:16

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Segmentation of nuclei in cervical cytology pap smear images is a crucial stage in automated cervical cancer screening. The task itself is challenging due to the presence of cervical cells with spurious edges,...

    Authors: Iram Tazim Hoque, Nabil Ibtehaz, Saumitra Chakravarty, M. Saifur Rahman and M. Sohel Rahman

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:15

    Content type: Technical advance

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  22. Quantification of neovascularization changes in terms of neovascular complex (NVC) acquired from the optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) imaging is extremely important for diagnosis and treatment m...

    Authors: Sheng Wu, Shaowei Wu, Hui Feng, Zizhong Hu, Yejing Xie, Yun Su, Ting Feng and Li Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:13

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Back pain is a common problem and a burden for the patient. MR-morphologically proven pain-causing changes of the spine is often successfully treated utilizing CT-guided pain therapy. The CT-guided execution e...

    Authors: Christoph A. Stueckle, Benedikt Hackert, Sarah Talarczyk, Martin Wawro, Patrick Haage and Ulrich Weger

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:11

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Despite synchronization to respiration, respiration-navigated (RN) 3D turbo-spin-echo MRCP is limited by susceptibility to motion artifacts. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of pancreaticobiliar...

    Authors: Felix Christian Hasse, Buket Selmi, Hamed Albusaidi, Theresa Mokry, Philipp Mayer, Christian Rupp, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor and Tim Frederik Weber

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:10

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To evaluate different stages of liver fibrosis in cynomolgus monkeys by comparing magnetic resonance-perfusion weighted imaging (MR-PWI) quantitative and semi-quantitative parameters, and confirm the best dete...

    Authors: Ke Ding, Manrong Liu, Xue Wei, Ruisui Huang, Jiong Chen, Shanjin Lu, Dacheng Wang and Wei Lu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:8

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The purpose of this study is to evaluate a new method involving time maximum intensity projection (t-MIP) postprocessed from dynamic computed tomographic angiography (dyn-CTA) in diagnosing peripheral arterial...

    Authors: Daming Zhang, Xueyan Zhou, Haiping Zhang, Xiaobing Fan, Zehong Lin, Huadan Xue, Yining Wang, Zhengyu Jin and Yuexin Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:7

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Melanoma has become more widespread over the past 30 years and early detection is a major factor in reducing mortality rates associated with this type of skin cancer. Therefore, having access to an automatic, ...

    Authors: Mario Fernando Jojoa Acosta, Liesle Yail Caballero Tovar, Maria Begonya Garcia-Zapirain and Winston Spencer Percybrooks

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:6

    Content type: Technical advance

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  28. Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) is an important underlying cause of angina pectoris. Currently, no diagnostic tool is available to directly visualize the coronary microvasculature. Invasive microvascu...

    Authors: F. Groepenhoff, R. G. M. Klaassen, G. B. Valstar, S. H. Bots, N. C. Onland-Moret, H. M. Den Ruijter, T. Leiner and A. L. M. Eikendal

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:5

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The aim of the present study was to explore the brain active characteristics of patients with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D) using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging technology.

    Authors: Weiqun Ao, Yougen Cheng, Mingxian Chen, Fuquan Wei, Guangzhao Yang, Yongyu An, Fan Mao, Xiandi Zhu and Guoqun Mao

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:4

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) has become an increasingly important medical imaging modality in orthopedic operating rooms. Metal implants and related image artifacts create challenges for image quality ...

    Authors: Juha I. Peltonen, Touko Kaasalainen and Mika Kortesniemi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:2

    Content type: Technical advance

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  31. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between stiffness of the bicep brachii muscle (BBM) and distal bicep tendon (DBT) and effects of weight lifting (pre- to post-workout changes) among groups with...

    Authors: Mahdi Al-Qahtani, Omar Altuwaijri, Meteb Altaf, Majed Al-Enezi, Mahmoud Abulmeaty and Ravish Javed

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:129

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Ultra-high field magnetic resonance imaging (MR) may be used to improve intracranial blood flow measurements. However, standard cardiac synchronization methods tend to fail at ultra-high field MR. Therefore, t...

    Authors: Karin Markenroth Bloch, Fabian Kording and Johannes Töger

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:128

    Content type: Technical advance

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  33. To investigate the prevalence, spectrum, and predictors of alternative diagnoses explaining leg symptoms in patients negative for suspected acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT), which can be detected with whole-...

    Authors: Ebba Beller, Mattes Becher, Felix G. Meinel, Jens-Christian Kröger, Rengarajan Rajagopal, Raimund Höft, Marc-André Weber and Thomas Heller

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:127

    Content type: Research article

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  34. This study aims to compare proton density weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) zero echo time (ZTE) and head atlas attenuation correction (AC) to the reference standard computed tomography (CT) based AC for

    Authors: Francesca De Luca, Martin Bolin, Lennart Blomqvist, Cecilia Wassberg, Heather Martin and Anna Falk Delgado

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:126

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Reported date of last menstrual period and ultrasonography measurements are the most commonly used methods for determining gestational age in antenatal life. However, the mother cannot always determine the las...

    Authors: Yuequan Shi, Yunjing Xue, Chunxia Chen, Kaiwu Lin and Zuofu Zhou

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:125

    Content type: Research article

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  36. To compare the diagnostic performance of neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging (NODDI), mean apparent propagator magnetic resonance imaging (MAP-MRI), diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI), diffusion t...

    Authors: Jiaji Mao, Weike Zeng, Qinyuan Zhang, Zehong Yang, Xu Yan, Huiting Zhang, Mengzhu Wang, Guang Yang, Minxiong Zhou and Jun Shen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:124

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The revised 2016 WHO-Classification of CNS-tumours now integrates molecular information of glial brain tumours for accurate diagnosis as well as for the development of targeted therapies. In this prospective s...

    Authors: Pamela Franco, Urs Würtemberger, Karam Dacca, Irene Hübschle, Jürgen Beck, Oliver Schnell, Irina Mader, Harald Binder, Horst Urbach and Dieter Henrik Heiland

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:123

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Point-of-care ultrasound (POC-US) is a diagnostic test conducted at the site of patient care with direct interpretation by the clinician, providing immediate results. POC-US for gynecologic application is not ...

    Authors: Marika Toscano, Kam Szlachetka, Natalie Whaley and Loralei L. Thornburg

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:121

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Three-dimensional (3D) models are increasingly used to help surgeons, guiding them through the complex hepatic vasculobiliary anatomy. The biliary tract is a relatively untapped territory with only a few case ...

    Authors: Nuno Pereira da Silva, Inês Abreu, Marco Serôdio, Luís Ferreira, Henrique Alexandrino and Paulo Donato

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:120

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a global pandemic. According to the diagnosis and treatment guidelines of China, negative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is the key ...

    Authors: Quan Cai, Si-Yao Du, Si Gao, Guo-Liang Huang, Zheng Zhang, Shu Li, Xin Wang, Pei-Ling Li, Peng Lv, Gang Hou and Li-Na Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:118

    Content type: Research article

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