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  1. Pericardial hematoma is blood accumulation in the pericardial space. Although rare, it could arise in various conditions, such as after cardiac surgery. Clinical diagnosis of pericardial hematoma is implausibl...

    Authors: Aninka Saboe, Ferdy Sanjaya, Raden Erwin Affandi Soeriadi, Euis Maryani, Nuraini Yasmin Kusumawardhani, Charlotte Johanna Cool and Astri Astuti

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:85

    Content type: Case report

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  2. The molecular biomarkers of breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) have important guiding significance for individualized precision treatment. This study was intended to explore the significance of radiomics b...

    Authors: Linyong Wu, Yujia Zhao, Peng Lin, Hui Qin, Yichen Liu, Da Wan, Xin Li, Yun He and Hong Yang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:84

    Content type: Research

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  3. The purpose of this study was to review our institutional experience with the EOS machine in order to identify the incidence and clinical significance of incidental extraspinal findings (IESF) in an adult spin...

    Authors: Lily Wood, Christopher Martin, David Polly, Samuel Luchsinger and Takashi Takahashi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:83

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Necrotic pulmonary lesions manifest as relatively low-density internally on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT). However, using CT to differentiate malignant and benign necrotic pulmonary lesions is cha...

    Authors: Qi Li, Xiao Fan, Tian-You Luo, Fa-Jin Lv and Xing-Tao Huang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research

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  5. Primary retroperitoneal serous adenocarcinoma (PRSA) is a rare malignant disease. Given the rarity of the disease, the imaging features of PRSA are unclear. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) also plays an im...

    Authors: Lin-Yu Zhou, Xiao-Dan Zhu, Jian Jiang, Yan-Feng Bai and Tian-An Jiang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:80

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Functional lung MRI techniques are usually associated with time-consuming post-processing, where manual lung segmentation represents the most cumbersome part. The aim of this study was to investigate whether d...

    Authors: Andreas M. Weng, Julius F. Heidenreich, Corona Metz, Simon Veldhoen, Thorsten A. Bley and Tobias Wech

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:79

    Content type: Research

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  7. One challenge to train deep convolutional neural network (CNNs) models with whole slide images (WSIs) is providing the required large number of costly, manually annotated image regions. Strategies to alleviate...

    Authors: Sebastian Otálora, Niccolò Marini, Henning Müller and Manfredo Atzori

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:77

    Content type: Research

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  8. Evidence of diastolic dysfunction (DD) required for the diagnosis of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is elusive in atrial fibrillation (AF). Left ventricular (LV) and left atrial (LA) sp...

    Authors: Assaf Ben-Arzi, Evgeni Hazanov, Diab Ghanim, Guy Rozen, Ibrahim Marai, Liza Grosman-Rimon, Erez Kachel, Offer Amir and Shemy Carasso

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:76

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Multiple guidelines for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) suggest that all stages of patients need to receive postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. S-1 is a recently emerged oral antitumour agent recommen...

    Authors: Liang Liang, Ying Ding, Yiyi Yu, Kai Liu, Shengxiang Rao, Yingqian Ge and Mengsu Zeng

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:75

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The EU gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCA) market has changed in recent years due to the European Medicines Agency decision to suspend the marketing authorisation of linear GBCA and the marketing authorisa...

    Authors: Jarl Åsbjørn Jakobsen, Carlo Cosimo Quattrocchi, Frank H. H. Müller, Olivier Outteryck, Andrés Alcázar, Wolfgang Reith, Patricia Fraga, Valeria Panebianco, Alexis Sampedro and Radoslaw Pietura

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:74

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To explore if the quantitative perfusion histogram parameters of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) correlates with the expression of PTEN, P-Akt and m-TOR protein in lung cancer.

    Authors: Bingqian Zhang, Zhenhua Zhao, Ya’nan Huang, Haijia Mao, Mingyue Zou, Cheng Wang, Guangmao Yu and Minming Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:73

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Cardiac lipoma is a rare primary tumor in the heart and pericardium. Multimodality imaging methods, especially magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are crucial in detecting and diagnosing cardiac lipomas. Besides...

    Authors: Shenglei Shu, Hongliang Yuan, Xiangchuang Kong, Jiazheng Wang, Jing Wang and Chuansheng Zheng

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:71

    Content type: Research

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  13. Brain metastases are particularly common in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with NSCLC showing a less  aggressive clinical course and lower chemo- and radio ...

    Authors: Sebastian Johannes Müller, Eya Khadhraoui, Nicole E. Neef, Christian Heiner Riedel and Marielle Ernst

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:70

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In oncology, the correct determination of nodal metastatic disease is essential for patient management, as patient treatment and prognosis are closely linked to the stage of the disease. The aim of the study w...

    Authors: Andra-Iza Iuga, Heike Carolus, Anna J. Höink, Tom Brosch, Tobias Klinder, David Maintz, Thorsten Persigehl, Bettina Baeßler and Michael Püsken

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:69

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Pediatric patients with liver disease require noninvasive monitoring to evaluate the risk of fibrosis progression. This study aimed to identify the significant factors affecting liver stiffness values using tw...

    Authors: Seunghyun Lee, Young Hun Choi, Yeon Jin Cho, Seul Bi Lee, Jung-Eun Cheon, Woo Sun Kim, Jae Sung Ko, Jaemoon Koh and Gyeong Hoon Kang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:68

    Content type: Research

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  16. ASPECTS scoring method varies, but which one is most suitable for predicting the prognosis still unclear. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of Automated (Auto)-, noncontrast CT (NCCT)- and CT per...

    Authors: Tiegong Wang, Luguang Chen, Xianglan Jin, Yuan Yuan, Qianwen Zhang, Chengwei Shao and Jianping Lu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:67

    Content type: Research

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  17. Reidentification of prior nodules for temporal comparison is an important but time-consuming step in lung cancer screening. We develop and evaluate an automated nodule detector that utilizes the axial-slice nu...

    Authors: Yeshwant Reddy Chillakuru, Kyle Kranen, Vishnu Doppalapudi, Zhangyuan Xiong, Letian Fu, Aarash Heydari, Aditya Sheth, Youngho Seo, Thienkhai Vu and Jae Ho Sohn

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:66

    Content type: Research

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  18. Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease, characterized by bile duct inflammation and destruction, leading to biliary fibrosis and cirrhosis. The purpose of this study was to...

    Authors: Narine Mesropyan, Patrick Kupczyk, Guido M. Kukuk, Leona Dold, Tobias Weismueller, Christoph Endler, Alexander Isaak, Anton Faron, Alois M. Sprinkart, Claus C. Pieper, Daniel Kuetting, Christian P. Strassburg, Ulrike I. Attenberger and Julian A. Luetkens

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:65

    Content type: Research

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  19. Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) is a commonly performed examination in the management of primary hyperparathyroidism, combining three-dimensional imaging with enhancement over time as the fourth di...

    Authors: Steven Raeymaeckers, Yannick De Brucker, Tim Vanderhasselt, Nico Buls and Johan De Mey

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:64

    Content type: Technical advance

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  20. Chronic allograft injury (CAI) is a significant reason for which many grafts were lost. The study was conducted to assess the usefulness of diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI) technology in the non-invasive ass...

    Authors: Xin Zheng, Min Li, Pan Wang, Xiangnan Li, Qiang Zhang, Song Zeng, Tao Jiang and Xiaopeng Hu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:63

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) is a rapid and effective treatment in the early stage of ischemic stroke patients and the purpose of this work is to explore the significance of Hounsfield unit (HU) value in Alb...

    Authors: Zhengqi Zhu, Ru Zhang, Kaixuan Ren, Ruochen Cong, Xiangyang Zhu, Li Zhu and Tianle Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:62

    Content type: Research article

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  22. This study attempted to compare the radiopharmaceutical uptake findings of planar bone scintigraphy (BS) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) performed on knee joints.

    Authors: Young-Sil An, Do Young Park, Byoung-Hyun Min, Su Jin Lee and Joon-Kee Yoon

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:60

    Content type: Research

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  23. This study aimed to develope and validate a radiomics nomogram by integrating the quantitative radiomics characteristics of No.3 lymph nodes (LNs) and primary tumors to better predict preoperative lymph node m...

    Authors: Xiaoxiao Wang, Cong Li, Mengjie Fang, Liwen Zhang, Lianzhen Zhong, Di Dong, Jie Tian and Xiuhong Shan

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:58

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Spatial and temporal lung infection distributions of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and their changes could reveal important patterns to better understand the disease and its time course. This paper prese...

    Authors: Dongdong Gu, Liyun Chen, Fei Shan, Liming Xia, Jun Liu, Zhanhao Mo, Fuhua Yan, Bin Song, Yaozong Gao, Xiaohuan Cao, Yanbo Chen, Ying Shao, Miaofei Han, Bin Wang, Guocai Liu, Qian Wang…

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:57

    Content type: Research

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  25. Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common form of systemic vasculitis in persons aged 50 years and older. Medium and large vessels, like the temporal and axillary arteries, are commonly affected. Typical s...

    Authors: Lara Clarissa Burg, Wolfgang Andreas Schmidt, Peter Brossart, Katharina Isabell Reinking, Franziskus Maria Schützeichel, Robert Patrick Finger and Valentin Sebastian Schäfer

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:55

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Distinguishing parotid pleomorphic adenoma (PPA) from parotid adenolymphoma (PA) is important for precision treatment, but there is a lack of readily available diagnostic methods. In this study, we aimed to ex...

    Authors: Le-le Song, Shun-jun Chen, Wang Chen, Zhan Shi, Xiao-dong Wang, Li-na Song and Dian-sen Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:54

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Adult-attention-deficit-hyperactive-disorder (ADHD) is often unrecognized condition. FMRI examination along with neuropsychological testing might strengthen the diagnosis. We hypothesized that ADHD-adults with...

    Authors: Jatta Berberat, Ruth Huggenberger, Margherita Montali, Philipp Gruber, Achmed Pircher, Karl-Olof Lövblad, Hanspeter E. Killer and Luca Remonda

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:53

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The visualization of the tibial nerve and its branches in the ankle canal is helpful for the diagnosis of local lesions and compression, and it is also useful for clinical observation and surgical planning. Th...

    Authors: Yan Zhang, Xucheng He, Juan Li, Ju Ye, Wenjuan Han, Shanshan Zhou, Jianzhong Zhu, Guisheng Wang and Xiaoxia Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:51

    Content type: Research article

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  29. This study is aimed to explore the factors influencing the visualization of the anterior peritoneal reflection (APR) and evaluated the feasibility of measuring the distance from the anal verge to APR (AV-APR),...

    Authors: Shaoting Zhang, Fangying Chen, Xiaolu Ma, Minjie Wang, Guanyu Yu, Fu Shen, Xianhua Gao and Jianping Lu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:50

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Staging of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a multidisciplinary process involving imaging, endoscopic and surgical techniques. This study aims at investigating the diagnostic accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT, CT s...

    Authors: Akram Al-Ibraheem, Nader Hirmas, Stefano Fanti, Diana Paez, Fawzi Abuhijla, Dalia Al-Rimawi, Ula Al-Rasheed, Riad Abdeljalil, Feras Hawari, Kamal Alrabi and Asem Mansour

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:49

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Non-mass enhancement (NME) is a diagnostic dilemma and highly reliant on the experience of the radiologists. Texture analysis (TA) could serve as an objective method to quantify lesion characteristics. However...

    Authors: Yu Tan, Hui Mai, Zhiqing Huang, Li Zhang, Chengwei Li, Songxin Wu, Huang Huang, Wen Tang, Yongxi Liu and Kuiming Jiang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:48

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is recommended for the treatment of benign thyroid nodules. However, data on the clinical role of RFA for benign thyroid nodules in patients with history of thyroid lobectomy are ...

    Authors: Lin Yan, Mingbo Zhang, Fang Xie, Jun Ma, Jing Xiao and Yukun Luo

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:47

    Content type: Research

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  33. This study aimed to compare panoramic radiography (PAN) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) determinations of implant-to-root dimensions (IRD) in anterior and posterior maxillary regions, and to help dete...

    Authors: Annika Bertram, Alexander W. Eckert and Rüdiger Emshoff

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:46

    Content type: Research article

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  34. To investigate left atrial shape differences on CT scans of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with (AF+) versus without (AF−) post-ablation recurrence and whether these shape differences predict AF recurrence.

    Authors: Thomas Atta-Fosu, Michael LaBarbera, Soumya Ghose, Paul Schoenhagen, Walid Saliba, Patrick J. Tchou, Bruce D. Lindsay, Milind Y. Desai, Deborah Kwon, Mina K. Chung and Anant Madabhushi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:45

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Chest radiograph (CXR) prescribing pattern and practice vary widely among pediatric intensive care units (PICU). ‘On demand’ approach is increasingly recommended as against daily ‘routine’ CXRs; however, the r...

    Authors: Rajeev Gupta, Karthi Nallasamy, Vijai Williams, Akshay Kumar Saxena and Muralidharan Jayashree

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:44

    Content type: Research

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  36. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between breast density, age, and mammographic lesion type among Chinese breast cancer patients included in a large clinical dataset.

    Authors: Yu Ji, Boxin Li, Rui Zhao, Ying Zhang, Junjun Liu and Hong Lu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:43

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Collecting (Bellini) duct carcinoma (CDC) is a highly malignant and rare kidney tumor. We report our 12-year experience with CDC and the results of a retrospective analysis of patients and tumor characteristic...

    Authors: Zhehao Lyu, Lili Liu, Huimin Li, Haibo Wang, Qi Liu, Tingting Chen, Meiling Xu, Lin Tian and Peng Fu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:42

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Assessment of tibiofibular reduction presents an intra- and postoperative challenge. Numerous two-dimensional measurement methods have been described, most of them highly dependent on leg orientation and rater...

    Authors: Firas Souleiman, Martin Heilemann, Robert Hennings, Mareike Hennings, Alexis Klengel, Pierre Hepp, Georg Osterhoff and Annette B. Ahrberg

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:41

    Content type: Technical advance

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  39. The objective of this study was to analyze the accuracy of gadolinium–ethoxybenzyl–diethylenetriamine penta–acetic acid enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (Gd–EOB–DTPA–MRI) for predicting microvascular invasi...

    Authors: Meng Zhou, Dan Shan, Chunhui Zhang, Jianhua Nie, Guangyu Wang, Yanqiao Zhang, Yang Zhou and Tongsen Zheng

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:40

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Quantitative bone SPECT/CT is useful for disease follow up and inter-patient comparison. For bone metastatic malignant lesions, spine is the most commonly invaded site. However, Quantitative studies with large...

    Authors: Na Qi, Qingyuan Meng, Zhiwen You, Huiqian Chen, Yi Shou and Jun Zhao

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:39

    Content type: Research

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  41. Non-invasive imaging is of interest for tracking the progression of atherosclerosis in the carotid bifurcation, and segmenting this region into its constituent branch arteries is necessary for analyses. The pu...

    Authors: Magnus Ziegler, Jesper Alfraeus, Mariana Bustamante, Elin Good, Jan Engvall, Ebo de Muinck and Petter Dyverfeldt

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:38

    Content type: Research

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  42. Long-term exposure to coal dust causes respiratory disease. In chest computer tomography (CT), pulmonary nodules, pulmonary interstitial fibrosis and emphysema manifest themselves. However, tracheal foreign bo...

    Authors: Li-juan Zhong, Min Yan, Yi Wang, Dai-quan Zhou, Jian-ming Tang and Shou-hong Xiang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:35

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Imaging 2021 21:61

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