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  1. Fat infiltration within skeletal muscle is known as intramuscular fat (IMF), which increases with aging. Studies have assessed IMF content, using the mid-thigh as a representative location. However, three-dime...

    Authors: Akito Yoshiko, Maya Hioki, Nana Kanehira, Kiyoshi Shimaoka, Teruhiko Koike, Hisataka Sakakibara, Yoshiharu Oshida and Hiroshi Akima
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:12
  2. Since 1980s the application of Prostate specific antigen (PSA) brought the revolution in prostate cancer diagnosis. However, it is important to underline that PSA is not the ideal screening tool due to its low...

    Authors: Xiang-ke Niu, Jun Li, Susant Kumar Das, Yan Xiong, Chao-bing Yang and Tao Peng
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:11
  3. Standard therapy for Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) involves maximal safe tumor resection followed with radiotherapy and concurrent adjuvant temozolomide. About 20 to 30% patients undergoing their first post-ra...

    Authors: Zhi-Cheng Liu, Lin-Feng Yan, Yu-Chuan Hu, Ying-Zhi Sun, Qiang Tian, Hai-Yan Nan, Ying Yu, Qian Sun, Wen Wang and Guang-Bin Cui
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:10
  4. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a useful non-invasive tool for evaluating abnormalities of intervertebral discs. However, there are few studies which applied functional MRI techniques to investigate degene...

    Authors: Raoying Xie, linhui Ruan, Lei chen, Kai Zhou, Jiandong Yuan, Wei Ji, Guangjian Jing, Xiaojing Huang, Qinglei Shi and Chun Chen
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:9
  5. Plexiform angiomyxoid myofibroblastic tumor (PAMT) is a very rare mesenchymal tumor of the stomach. Here we report a case of pathologically confirmed PAMT with an unique cyst formation.

    Authors: Hiroyuki Akai, Shigeru Kiryu, Masaru Shinozaki, Yasunori Ohta, Yoshiyasu Nakano, Koichiro Yasaka and Kuni Ohtomo
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:7
  6. Low-resolution images may be acquired in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) due to limited data acquisition time or other physical constraints, and their resolutions can be improved with super-resolution methods...

    Authors: Hong Zheng, Xiaobo Qu, Zhengjian Bai, Yunsong Liu, Di Guo, Jiyang Dong, Xi Peng and Zhong Chen
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:6
  7. To systematically investigate the relationship between CT morphological features and the presence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

    Authors: Zenghui Cheng, Fei Shan, Yuesong Yang, Yuxin Shi and Zhiyong Zhang
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:5
  8. Postmortem imaging (PMI) refers to the imaging of cadavers by computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Three cases of cerebral infarctions that were not found during life but were newl...

    Authors: Sakon Noriki, Kazuyuki Kinoshita, Kunihiro Inai, Toyohiko Sakai, Hirohiko Kimura, Takahiro Yamauchi, Masayuki Iwano and Hironobu Naiki
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:4
  9. Cardiac amyloidosis is a progressive but underdiagnosed and underappreciated cause of heart failure. In the last few years, cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has become the gold standard for non invasive...

    Authors: Marianna Fontana, Thomas A. Treibel, Ana Martinez-Naharro, Stefania Rosmini, Raymond Y. Kwong, Julian D. Gillmore, Philip N. Hawkins and James C. Moon
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:3
  10. With a wide array of multi-modal, multi-protocol, and multi-scale biomedical data being routinely acquired for disease characterization, there is a pressing need for quantitative tools to combine these varied ...

    Authors: Satish E. Viswanath, Pallavi Tiwari, George Lee and Anant Madabhushi
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:2
  11. Accurate T-staging is pivotal for predicting prognosis and selecting appropriate therapies for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The diagnostic performance of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emissio...

    Authors: Yung-Cheng Huang, Hung-I Lu, Shun-Chen Huang, Chien-Chin Hsu, Nan-Tsing Chiu, Yu-Ming Wang, Yi-Chun Chiu and Shau-Hsuan Li
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:1
  12. Cerebrovascular disease is the most common cause of death worldwide, with millions of deaths annually. Interest is increasing toward understanding the geometric factors that influence cerebrovascular diseases,...

    Authors: Xingce Wang, Enhui Liu, Zhongke Wu, Feifei Zhai, Yi-Cheng Zhu, Wuyang Shui and Mingquan Zhou
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:68
  13. Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography-Computed Tomography (SPECT/CT) gains an important part of diagnostics in patients with osteochondral lesions (OCL). SPECT/CT is a hybrid imaging modality, which combi...

    Authors: Geneviève Hassink, Enrique A. Testa, André Leumann, Thomas Hügle, Helmut Rasch and Michael T. Hirschmann
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:67
  14. Several articles have used cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to study the morphology of the maxillary molars and to ascertain its ability to visualize the second mesiobuccal canal (MB2); however, its geomet...

    Authors: Pablo Betancourt, Pablo Navarro, Gonzalo Muñoz and Ramón Fuentes
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:66
  15. To evaluate the reproducibility of signal intensity index (SII) measurements with MRI systems from different vendors and with different field strengths, and to test the effectiveness of flip angle.

    Authors: Zebin Xiao, Jian Li, Chengqi Li, Yuyang Zhang, Dejun She and Dairong Cao
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:64
  16. Coronary angiography (CAG) is widely used to assess lumen dimensions, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) is used to evaluate the characteristics of atherosclerotic plaque. This study was aimed to compare c...

    Authors: Nana Dong, Zulong Xie, Wei Wang, Jiannan Dai, Meng Sun, Zhongyue Pu, Jinwei Tian and Bo Yu
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:63
  17. The characterization of small lesions in cirrhotic patients is extremely difficult due to the overlap of imaging features among different entities in the step-way of the hepatocarcinogenesis. The aim of our st...

    Authors: Michele Di Martino, Michele Anzidei, Fulvio Zaccagna, Luca Saba, Sandro Bosco, Massimo Rossi, Stefano Ginanni Corradini and Carlo Catalano
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:62
  18. Research has shown that uninsured patients receive fewer radiographic studies during trauma care, but less is known as to whether differences in care are present among other insurance groups or across differen...

    Authors: Nathaniel Bell, Laura Repáraz, William R. Fry, R. Stephen Smith and Alejandro Luis
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:61
  19. Early diastolic left ventricular (LV) filling can be accurately described using the same methods used in classical mechanics to describe the motion of a loaded spring as it recoils, a validated method also ref...

    Authors: Martin G. Sundqvist, Katrin Salman, Per Tornvall and Martin Ugander
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:60
  20. The aim of this study was to determine the value of 18F-FDG uptake on screening PET/CT images for the prediction of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and chronic atrophic gastritis.

    Authors: Shigeki Kobayashi, Mayumi Ogura, Naohisa Suzawa, Noriyuki Horiki, Masaki Katsurahara, Toru Ogura and Hajime Sakuma
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:58
  21. Receiving real-time information on tissue properties while performing biopsy procedures has the potential of improving biopsy accuracy. The study goal was to test the ability of a miniature flexible Radio-Freq...

    Authors: Zvi Kaufman, Haim Paran, Ilana Haas, Patricia Malinger, Tania Zehavi, Tamar Karni, Izhak Pappo, Judith Sandbank, Judith Diment and Tanir Allweis
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:57
  22. Spinal cord atrophy occurs early in multiple sclerosis (MS) and impacts disability. The therapeutic effect of interferon beta-1a (IFNβ-1a) on spinal cord atrophy in patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) MS ha...

    Authors: Sheena L. Dupuy, Fariha Khalid, Brian C. Healy, Sonya Bakshi, Mohit Neema, Shahamat Tauhid and Rohit Bakshi
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:56
  23. Understanding airflow through human airways is of importance in drug delivery and development of assisted breathing methods. In this work, we focus on development of a new method to obtain an averaged upper ai...

    Authors: Alireza Nejati, Natalia Kabaliuk, Mark C. Jermy and John E. Cater
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:55
  24. Quantitative measurement procedures need to be accurate and precise to justify their clinical use. Precision reflects deviation of groups of measurement from another, often expressed as proportions of agreemen...

    Authors: Oke Gerke, Mie Holm Vilstrup, Eivind Antonsen Segtnan, Ulrich Halekoh and Poul Flemming Høilund-Carlsen
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:54
  25. Chordomas are rare malignancies that primarily affect adults, but also rarely affect pediatric patients. We compared the imaging appearance, demographic and anatomic distributions of adult and pediatric chordo...

    Authors: Ronnie Sebro, Thomas DeLaney, Francis Hornicek, Joseph Schwab, Edwin Choy, G. Petur Nielsen and Daniel I. Rosenthal
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:53
  26. To investigate the feasibility of automated segmentation of visceral and subcutaneous fat areas from computed tomography (CT) images of ovarian cancer patients and applying the computed adiposity-related image...

    Authors: Yunzhi Wang, Yuchen Qiu, Theresa Thai, Kathleen Moore, Hong Liu and Bin Zheng
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:52
  27. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a crucial medical imaging technology for the screening and diagnosis of frequently occurring cancers. However, image quality may suffer from long acquisition times for MRIs ...

    Authors: Edward Li, Farzad Khalvati, Mohammad Javad Shafiee, Masoom A. Haider and Alexander Wong
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:51
  28. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a risk factor for dementia. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI), an intermediary state between normal cognition and dementia, often occurs during the prodromal diabetic stage, ma...

    Authors: Ying Yu, Qian Sun, Lin-Feng Yan, Yu-Chuan Hu, Hai-Yan Nan, Yang Yang, Zhi-Cheng Liu, Wen Wang and Guang-Bin Cui
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:50
  29. Patient motion during myocardial perfusion SPECT imaging (MPI) may be triggered by a patient’s physical and/or psychological discomfort. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of state anxiety (pa...

    Authors: Vassiliki Lyra, Maria Kallergi, Emmanouil Rizos, Georgios Lamprakopoulos and Sofia N. Chatziioannou
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:49
  30. To compare the capability of lung nodule detection and characterization between dual-energy radiography with color-representation (DCR) and conventional gray scale chest radiography (GSR).

    Authors: Inyoung Song, Jeong Geun Yi, Jeong Hee Park, Kyung Soo Lee and Myung Jin Chung
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:48
  31. Determination of the relaxation time constants T1 and T2 with quantitative magnetic resonance imaging is increasingly used for both research and clinical practice. Recently, groups have been formed within the ...

    Authors: Sebastian Bidhult, George Kantasis, Anthony H. Aletras, Håkan Arheden, Einar Heiberg and Erik Hedström
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:46
  32. In patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH), duration of vortical blood flow along the main pulmonary artery enables estimation of the mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) non-invasively. It remains to dat...

    Authors: Gert Reiter, Ursula Reiter, Gabor Kovacs, Gabriel Adelsmayr, Andreas Greiser, Aurelien F. Stalder, Horst Olschewski and Michael Fuchsjäger
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:45
  33. The management of distal radial fractures is guided by the interpretation of radiographic findings. The aim of this investigation was to determine the intra- and inter-observer reliability of eight traditional...

    Authors: Narelle J. Watson, Saeed Asadollahi, Frank Parrish, Jacqueline Ridgway, Phong Tran and Jennifer L. Keating
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:44
  34. The current gold standard for preoperative perforator mapping in breast reconstruction with a DIEP flap is CT angiography (CTA). Dynamic infrared thermography (DIRT) is an imaging method that does not require ...

    Authors: Sven Weum, James B. Mercer and Louis de Weerd
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:43
  35. To extract DTI parameters from a specific structure, a region of interest (ROI) must be defined. ROI selection in small structures is challenging; the final measurement results could be affected due to the sig...

    Authors: Ylva Lilja, Oscar Gustafsson, Maria Ljungberg, Daniel Nilsson and Göran Starck
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:42
  36. Whole body fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is the standard of care in oncologic diagnosis and staging, and patient radiation dose must be well understoo...

    Authors: Brian Quinn, Zak Dauer, Neeta Pandit-Taskar, Heiko Schoder and Lawrence T. Dauer
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:41
  37. Medical image analysis in clinical practice is commonly carried out on 2D image data, without fully exploiting the detailed 3D anatomical information that is provided by modern non-invasive medical imaging tec...

    Authors: Jan L. Bruse, Kristin McLeod, Giovanni Biglino, Hopewell N. Ntsinjana, Claudio Capelli, Tain-Yen Hsia, Maxime Sermesant, Xavier Pennec, Andrew M. Taylor and Silvia Schievano
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:40
  38. To evaluate screening and diagnostic accuracy for the detection of osteoblastic rib lesions using an advanced post-processing package enabling in-plane rib reading in CT-images.

    Authors: Hannes Seuss, Peter Dankerl, Alexander Cavallaro, Michael Uder and Matthias Hammon
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:39
  39. Single or biplanar video radiography and Roentgen stereophotogrammetry (RSA) techniques used for the assessment of in-vivo joint kinematics involves application of ionizing radiation, which is a limitation for cl...

    Authors: Niladri K. Mahato, Stephane Montuelle, John Cotton, Susan Williams, James Thomas and Brian Clark
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:38
  40. In recent years, the use of MRI in patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) has increased. However, few data are available on how MRI parameters of active disease change during treatment with anti-TNF and whether th...

    Authors: Luca Pio Stoppino, Nicola Della Valle, Stefania Rizzi, Elsa Cleopazzo, Annarita Centola, Donatello Iamele, Christos Bristogiannis, Giuseppe Stoppino, Roberta Vinci and Luca Macarini
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:37
  41. Intra-articular ganglion cysts of the knee are rare. Here we report a case of an arthroscopically confirmed ganglion cyst arising from the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) along with preoperative magnetic res...

    Authors: Sayaka Kodaira, Takahito Nakajima, Ryosuke Takahashi, Shingo Moriya, Tomoyuki Nakagawa, Hidenori Ohtake and Yoshito Tsushima
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:36
  42. Studying T1- and T2-mapping for discrimination of acute from chronic myocardial infarction (AMI, CMI).

    Authors: Florian von Knobelsdorff-Brenkenhoff, Marcel Prothmann, Matthias A. Dieringer, Ralf Wassmuth, André Rudolph, Wolfgang Utz, Julius Traber, Andreas Greiser, Thoralf Niendorf and Jeanette Schulz-Menger
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:35
  43. Post mortem imaging is playing an increasingly important role in perinatal autopsy, and correct interpretation of imaging changes is paramount. This is particularly important following intra-uterine fetal deat...

    Authors: P. Montaldo, S. Addison, V. Oliveira, P. J. Lally, A. M. Taylor, N. J. Sebire, S. Thayyil and O. J. Arthurs
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:34
  44. Age-related brain atrophy has been represented by simple 1-dimensional (1-D) measurements on computed tomography (CT) for several decades and, more recently, with 3-dimensional (3-D) analysis, using brain volu...

    Authors: C. Michael Dunham, Albert J. Cook II, Alaina M. Paparodis and Gregory S. Huang
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:32
  45. We report two cases of anisakiasis lesions that were initially suspected to be recurrence of gynecological cancer by positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT). Both cases were extragastrointest...

    Authors: Yuya Nogami, Yoko Fujii-Nishimura, Kouji Banno, Atsushi Suzuki, Nobuyuki Susumu, Taizo Hibi, Koji Murakami, Taketo Yamada, Hiromu Sugiyama, Yasuyuki Morishima and Daisuke Aoki
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:31

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