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  1. Thyroid function in patients with Grave’s disease is usually evaluated by thyroid scintigraphy with radioactive iodine. Recently, dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) with two different energy X-rays can cal...

    Authors: Duong Duc Binh, Takahito Nakajima, Hidenori Otake, Tetsuya Higuchi and Yoshito Tsushima
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:43
  2. To assess the feasibility of texture analysis (TA) based on spectral attenuated inversion-recovery T2 weighted magnetic resonance imaging (SPAIR T2W-MRI) for the classification of hepatic hemangioma (HH), hepa...

    Authors: Zhenjiang Li, Yu Mao, Wei Huang, Hongsheng Li, Jian Zhu, Wanhu Li and Baosheng Li
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:42
  3. Accurate lymph node staging is essential for adequate prognostication and therapy planning in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). FDG-PET/CT is a sensitive tool for the detection of metastases, i...

    Authors: Lennart Werner, Franziska Aebersold Keller, Ujwal Bhure, Justus Egidius Roos, Katharina Tornquist, Maria del Sol Pèrez-Lago, Oliver Gautschi and Klaus Strobel
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:41
  4. The purpose of this study was to compare the agreement of the bone scan index (BSI) using EXINI BoneBSI versus experts’ readings in the initial staging for bone metastasis in prostate cancer. In addition, the dia...

    Authors: Lars J. Petersen, Jesper C. Mortensen, Henrik Bertelsen and Helle D. Zacho
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:40
  5. Congenital cystic lymphangiomas are benign malformations due to a developmental disorder of lymphatic vessels. Besides surgical excision, sclerosant therapy of these lesions by intracavitary injection of OK-43...

    Authors: Carlos Menendez-Castro, Maren Zapke, Fabian Fahlbusch, Heiko von Goessel, Wolfgang Rascher and Jörg Jüngert
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:39
  6. To assess whether CT-derived texture features predict survival in patients undergoing resection for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC).

    Authors: Armin Eilaghi, Sameer Baig, Yucheng Zhang, Junjie Zhang, Paul Karanicolas, Steven Gallinger, Farzad Khalvati and Masoom A. Haider
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:38
  7. Perineural cysts are sometimes found incidentally with magnetic resonance imaging, and clinical symptoms requiring treatment are rare. Perineural cysts typically exhibit delayed filling with contrast medium on...

    Authors: Hirokazu Iwamuro, Taro Yanagawa, Sachiko Takamizawa and Makoto Taniguchi
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:37
  8. Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide. A prominent cause of cardiovascular events is atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammation of the arterial wall that leads to the formation of so ca...

    Authors: Robert Seifert, Aaron Scherzinger, Friedemann Kiefer, Sven Hermann, Xiaoyi Jiang and Michael A. Schäfers
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:36
  9. Severe haemolysis, elevated liver enzyme levels, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome in pregnancy are possible underlying trigger factors for posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). Magnetic r...

    Authors: Syuichi Tetsuka and Hiroaki Nonaka
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:35
  10. A well-known diagnostic imaging modality, termed ultrasound tomography, was quickly developed for the detection of very small tumors whose sizes are smaller than the wavelength of the incident pressure wave wi...

    Authors: Tran Quang Huy, Huynh Huu Tue, Ton That Long and Tran Duc-Tan
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:34
  11. High reproducibility and low intra- and interobserver variability are important strengths of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). In clinical practice a significant learning curve may however be observed. Basic C...

    Authors: Erik Hedström, Masaki Ishida, Alvaro Sepúlveda-Martínez, Daniel Ryd, Johannes Sperling, Henrik Engblom and Eike Nagel
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:33

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Imaging 2022 22:41

  12. Hepatocyte-specific gadolinium based contrast agents (HSCA) provide substantial information for the classification of liver lesions in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, breathing artifacts which reduc...

    Authors: Johannes Budjan, Philipp Riffel, Melissa M. Ong, Stefan O. Schoenberg, Ulrike I. Attenberger and Daniel Hausmann
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:32
  13. It was the primary purpose of our study to evaluate the inter- and intra-observer reliability of a standardized SPECT/CT algorithm for evaluating patients with painful primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). The...

    Authors: Emilienne Barthassat, Faik Afifi, Praveen Konala, Helmut Rasch and Michael T. Hirschmann
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:31
  14. Understanding the irradiated area and dose correctly is important for the reirradiation of organs that deform after irradiation, such as the liver. We investigated the spatial registration error using the defo...

    Authors: Nobuyoshi Fukumitsu, Kazunori Nitta, Toshiyuki Terunuma, Toshiyuki Okumura, Haruko Numajiri, Yoshiko Oshiro, Kayoko Ohnishi, Masashi Mizumoto, Teruhito Aihara, Hitoshi Ishikawa, Koji Tsuboi and Hideyuki Sakurai
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:30
  15. Segmentation of gliomas in multi-parametric (MP-)MR images is challenging due to their heterogeneous nature in terms of size, appearance and location. Manual tumor segmentation is a time-consuming task and cli...

    Authors: Nicolas Sauwen, Marjan Acou, Diana M. Sima, Jelle Veraart, Frederik Maes, Uwe Himmelreich, Eric Achten and Sabine Van Huffel
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:29
  16. Computed Tomography (CT) contributes up to 50% of the medical exposure to the United States population. Children are considered to be at higher risk of developing radiation-induced tumors due to the young age ...

    Authors: Yiming Gao, Brian Quinn, Usman Mahmood, Daniel Long, Yusuf Erdi, Jean St. Germain, Neeta Pandit-Taskar, X. George Xu, Wesley E. Bolch and Lawrence T. Dauer
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:28
  17. Phosphatidylserine (PS)-targeting positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with labeled small-molecule tracer is a crucial non-invasive molecule imaging method of apoptosis. In this study, semi-automatic rad...

    Authors: Fuhua Wen, Dahong Nie, Kongzhen Hu, Ganghua Tang, Shaobo Yao and Caihua Tang
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:27
  18. Model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) is a promising reconstruction method which could improve CT image quality with low radiation dose. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the advantage of usin...

    Authors: Jihang Sun, Tong Yu, Jinrong Liu, Xiaomin Duan, Di Hu, Yong liu and Yun Peng
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:24
  19. Various medical fields rely on detailed anatomical knowledge of the distal radius. Current studies are limited to two-dimensional analysis and biased by varying measurement locations. The aims were to 1) gener...

    Authors: Sebastian F. Baumbach, Jakob Binder, Alexander Synek, Fabian G. Mück, Yan Chevalier, Ekkehard Euler, Georg Langs and Lukas Fischer
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:23
  20. Focus Cardiac Ultrasound (FoCUS) performed by internal medicine residents on call with 2 h of training can provide a means for ruling out cardiac disease, but with poor sensitivity. The purpose of the present ...

    Authors: Vidar Ruddox, Ingvild Billehaug Norum, Thomas Muri Stokke, Thor Edvardsen and Jan Erik Otterstad
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:22
  21. Thyroid incidentalomas (TI) are highly prevalent asymptomatic thyroid nodules with ultrasound as the best imaging modality for their detection and characterization. Although they are mostly benign, potential f...

    Authors: Boniface Moifo, Jean Roger Moulion Tapouh, Sylviane Dongmo Fomekong, François Djomou and Emmanuella Manka’a Wankie
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:21
  22. Assessing the liver function provides valuable information to evaluate surgical risk and plan accordingly. Current studies focus on whole liver function evaluation. However, assessment of segmental liver funct...

    Authors: Zhi-Peng Zhou, Li-Ling Long, Wei-Jia Qiu, Ge Cheng, Li-Juan Huang, Teng-Fei Yang and Zhong-Kui Huang
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:20
  23. Atrioventricular plane displacement (AVPD) is an indicator for systolic and diastolic function and accounts for 60% of the left ventricular, and 80% of the right ventricular stroke volume. AVPD is commonly mea...

    Authors: Felicia Seemann, Ulrika Pahlm, Katarina Steding-Ehrenborg, Ellen Ostenfeld, David Erlinge, Jean-Luc Dubois-Rande, Svend Eggert Jensen, Dan Atar, Håkan Arheden, Marcus Carlsson and Einar Heiberg
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:19
  24. Carbon-fiber-reinforced poly-ether-ether-ketone (CFR-PEEK) has superior radiolucency compared to other orthopedic implant materials, e.g. titanium or stainless steel, thus allowing metal-artifact-free postoper...

    Authors: Joost J. A. de Jong, Arno Lataster, Bert van Rietbergen, Jacobus J. Arts, Piet P. Geusens, Joop P. W. van den Bergh and Paul C. Willems
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:18
  25. Accessory mental foramen (AMF) is a rare anatomical variation. When accessory mental foramen is present, the nerves and vessels that go through the mental foramen (MF) must follow alternative courses and speci...

    Authors: Ewa Zmysłowska-Polakowska, Mateusz Radwański, Michał Łęski, Sławomir Ledzion, Monika Łukomska-Szymańska and Michał Polguj
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:17
  26. Magnesium alloys have recently been rediscovered as biodegradable implants in musculoskeletal surgery. This study is an ex-vivo trial to evaluate the imaging characteristics of magnesium implants in different ...

    Authors: Lena Sonnow, Sören Könneker, Peter M. Vogt, Frank Wacker and Christian von Falck
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:16
  27. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a public health problem. Detailed analysis of the para-pharyngeal fat pads can help us to understand the pathogenesis of OSA and may mediate the intervention of this sleeping d...

    Authors: Muhammad Laiq Ur Rahman Shahid, Teodora Chitiboi, Tetyana Ivanovska, Vladimir Molchanov, Henry Völzke and Lars Linsen
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:15
  28. Validating non-contrast-enhanced computed tomography (nCT) compared to ultrasound sonography (US) as screening method for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) screening.

    Authors: Mads Liisberg, Axel C. Diederichsen and Jes S. Lindholt
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:14
  29. Positron Emission Tomography – Computed Tomography (PET/CT) imaging is the basis for the evaluation of response-to-treatment of several oncological diseases. In practice, such evaluation is manually performed ...

    Authors: Mariana A. Nogueira, Pedro H. Abreu, Pedro Martins, Penousal Machado, Hugo Duarte and João Santos
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:13
  30. Fat infiltration within skeletal muscle is known as intramuscular fat (IMF), which increases with aging. Studies have assessed IMF content, using the mid-thigh as a representative location. However, three-dime...

    Authors: Akito Yoshiko, Maya Hioki, Nana Kanehira, Kiyoshi Shimaoka, Teruhiko Koike, Hisataka Sakakibara, Yoshiharu Oshida and Hiroshi Akima
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:12
  31. Since 1980s the application of Prostate specific antigen (PSA) brought the revolution in prostate cancer diagnosis. However, it is important to underline that PSA is not the ideal screening tool due to its low...

    Authors: Xiang-ke Niu, Jun Li, Susant Kumar Das, Yan Xiong, Chao-bing Yang and Tao Peng
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:11
  32. Standard therapy for Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) involves maximal safe tumor resection followed with radiotherapy and concurrent adjuvant temozolomide. About 20 to 30% patients undergoing their first post-ra...

    Authors: Zhi-Cheng Liu, Lin-Feng Yan, Yu-Chuan Hu, Ying-Zhi Sun, Qiang Tian, Hai-Yan Nan, Ying Yu, Qian Sun, Wen Wang and Guang-Bin Cui
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:10
  33. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a useful non-invasive tool for evaluating abnormalities of intervertebral discs. However, there are few studies which applied functional MRI techniques to investigate degene...

    Authors: Raoying Xie, linhui Ruan, Lei chen, Kai Zhou, Jiandong Yuan, Wei Ji, Guangjian Jing, Xiaojing Huang, Qinglei Shi and Chun Chen
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:9
  34. Plexiform angiomyxoid myofibroblastic tumor (PAMT) is a very rare mesenchymal tumor of the stomach. Here we report a case of pathologically confirmed PAMT with an unique cyst formation.

    Authors: Hiroyuki Akai, Shigeru Kiryu, Masaru Shinozaki, Yasunori Ohta, Yoshiyasu Nakano, Koichiro Yasaka and Kuni Ohtomo
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:7
  35. Low-resolution images may be acquired in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) due to limited data acquisition time or other physical constraints, and their resolutions can be improved with super-resolution methods...

    Authors: Hong Zheng, Xiaobo Qu, Zhengjian Bai, Yunsong Liu, Di Guo, Jiyang Dong, Xi Peng and Zhong Chen
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:6
  36. To systematically investigate the relationship between CT morphological features and the presence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

    Authors: Zenghui Cheng, Fei Shan, Yuesong Yang, Yuxin Shi and Zhiyong Zhang
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:5
  37. Postmortem imaging (PMI) refers to the imaging of cadavers by computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Three cases of cerebral infarctions that were not found during life but were newl...

    Authors: Sakon Noriki, Kazuyuki Kinoshita, Kunihiro Inai, Toyohiko Sakai, Hirohiko Kimura, Takahiro Yamauchi, Masayuki Iwano and Hironobu Naiki
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:4
  38. Cardiac amyloidosis is a progressive but underdiagnosed and underappreciated cause of heart failure. In the last few years, cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has become the gold standard for non invasive...

    Authors: Marianna Fontana, Thomas A. Treibel, Ana Martinez-Naharro, Stefania Rosmini, Raymond Y. Kwong, Julian D. Gillmore, Philip N. Hawkins and James C. Moon
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:3
  39. With a wide array of multi-modal, multi-protocol, and multi-scale biomedical data being routinely acquired for disease characterization, there is a pressing need for quantitative tools to combine these varied ...

    Authors: Satish E. Viswanath, Pallavi Tiwari, George Lee and Anant Madabhushi
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:2
  40. Accurate T-staging is pivotal for predicting prognosis and selecting appropriate therapies for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The diagnostic performance of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emissio...

    Authors: Yung-Cheng Huang, Hung-I Lu, Shun-Chen Huang, Chien-Chin Hsu, Nan-Tsing Chiu, Yu-Ming Wang, Yi-Chun Chiu and Shau-Hsuan Li
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:1
  41. Cerebrovascular disease is the most common cause of death worldwide, with millions of deaths annually. Interest is increasing toward understanding the geometric factors that influence cerebrovascular diseases,...

    Authors: Xingce Wang, Enhui Liu, Zhongke Wu, Feifei Zhai, Yi-Cheng Zhu, Wuyang Shui and Mingquan Zhou
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:68
  42. Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography-Computed Tomography (SPECT/CT) gains an important part of diagnostics in patients with osteochondral lesions (OCL). SPECT/CT is a hybrid imaging modality, which combi...

    Authors: Geneviève Hassink, Enrique A. Testa, André Leumann, Thomas Hügle, Helmut Rasch and Michael T. Hirschmann
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:67
  43. Several articles have used cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to study the morphology of the maxillary molars and to ascertain its ability to visualize the second mesiobuccal canal (MB2); however, its geomet...

    Authors: Pablo Betancourt, Pablo Navarro, Gonzalo Muñoz and Ramón Fuentes
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:66
  44. To evaluate the reproducibility of signal intensity index (SII) measurements with MRI systems from different vendors and with different field strengths, and to test the effectiveness of flip angle.

    Authors: Zebin Xiao, Jian Li, Chengqi Li, Yuyang Zhang, Dejun She and Dairong Cao
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:64
  45. Coronary angiography (CAG) is widely used to assess lumen dimensions, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) is used to evaluate the characteristics of atherosclerotic plaque. This study was aimed to compare c...

    Authors: Nana Dong, Zulong Xie, Wei Wang, Jiannan Dai, Meng Sun, Zhongyue Pu, Jinwei Tian and Bo Yu
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:63
  46. The characterization of small lesions in cirrhotic patients is extremely difficult due to the overlap of imaging features among different entities in the step-way of the hepatocarcinogenesis. The aim of our st...

    Authors: Michele Di Martino, Michele Anzidei, Fulvio Zaccagna, Luca Saba, Sandro Bosco, Massimo Rossi, Stefano Ginanni Corradini and Carlo Catalano
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:62

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