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  1. Content type: Research article

    Age-related brain atrophy has been represented by simple 1-dimensional (1-D) measurements on computed tomography (CT) for several decades and, more recently, with 3-dimensional (3-D) analysis, using brain volu...

    Authors: C. Michael Dunham, Albert J. Cook II, Alaina M. Paparodis and Gregory S. Huang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:32

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  2. Content type: Technical advance

    Mobile 3D fluoroscopes have become increasingly available in neurosurgical operating rooms. In this series, the image quality and value of intraoperative 3D fluoroscopy with intravenous contrast agent for the ...

    Authors: Thomas Westermaier, Thomas Linsenmann, György A. Homola, Mario Loehr, Christian Stetter, Nadine Willner, Ralf-Ingo Ernestus, Laszlo Solymosi and Giles H. Vince

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:30

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Rectovaginal fistula (RVF) refers to a pathological passage between the rectum and vagina, which is a public health challenge. This study was aimed to explore the clinical value of endoluminal biplane ultrason...

    Authors: Hao-Qiang Yin, Chen Wang, Xin Peng, Fang Xu, Ya-Juan Ren, Yong-Qing Chao, Jin-Gen Lu, Song Wang and Hu-Sheng Xiao

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:29

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Pleomorphic hyalinizing angiectatic tumor (PHAT) is a rare soft tissue tumor of low malignant potential, which most often arises in the lower extremities. Lesions occurred in other anatomic locations have been...

    Authors: Zhi-gang Chu, Meng-qi Liu, Zhi-yu Zhu, Fa-jin Lv and Yu Ouyang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:28

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Before performing spine non-fusion surgery that retains the facet joints, choosing an accurate radiographic method to evaluate the degree of facet joint degeneration is extremely important. Therefore, the obje...

    Authors: Xin Zhou, Yuan Liu, Song Zhou, Xiao-Xing Fu, Xiao-Long Yu, Chang-Lin Fu, Bin Zhang and Min Dai

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:27

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) 2D phase-contrast flow measurement has been regarded as the gold standard in blood flow measurements and can be performed with free breathing or breath held techniques. We hypo...

    Authors: Charlotta Andersson, Johan Kihlberg, Tino Ebbers, Lena Lindström, Carl-Johan Carlhäll and Jan E. Engvall

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:26

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  7. Content type: Technical advance

    A standardized imaging proposal evaluating implanted left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion devices by cardiac computed tomography angiography (cCTA) has never been investigated.

    Authors: Michael Behnes, Ibrahim Akin, Benjamin Sartorius, Christian Fastner, Ibrahim El-Battrawy, Martin Borggrefe, Holger Haubenreisser, Mathias Meyer, Stefan O. Schoenberg and Thomas Henzler

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:25

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Three-dimensional (3D) imaging with a mobile C-arm has proven to be a valuable intraoperative tool in trauma surgery. However, little data is available concerning its use in the treatment of elbow fractures. T...

    Authors: Marc Schnetzke, Julia Fuchs, Sven Y. Vetter, Nils Beisemann, Holger Keil, Paul-Alfred Grützner and Jochen Franke

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:24

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  9. Content type: TECHNICAL ADVANCE

    Facial palsy or paralysis (FP) is a symptom that loses voluntary muscles movement in one side of the human face, which could be very devastating in the part of the patients. Traditional methods are solely depe...

    Authors: Jocelyn Barbosa, Kyubum Lee, Sunwon Lee, Bilal Lodhi, Jae-Gu Cho, Woo-Keun Seo and Jaewoo Kang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:23

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  10. Content type: Research article

    This study was performed to evaluate the ability of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) with time-intensity curve analysis to demonstrate an increased enhancement of the liver parenchyma adjacent to the i...

    Authors: Ryousuke Kawai, Jiro Hata, Noriaki Manabe, Hiroshi Imamura, Ai Iida, Nobuko Koyama and Hiroaki Kusunoki

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:21

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  11. Content type: Technical advance

    Efficacy of reperfusion therapy can be assessed as myocardial salvage index (MSI) by determining the size of myocardium at risk (MaR) and myocardial infarction (MI), (MSI = 1-MI/MaR). Cardiovascular magnetic r...

    Authors: Jane Tufvesson, Marcus Carlsson, Anthony H. Aletras, Henrik Engblom, Jean-François Deux, Sasha Koul, Peder Sörensson, John Pernow, Dan Atar, David Erlinge, Håkan Arheden and Einar Heiberg

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:19

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to use whole body cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (WB CVMR) to assess the heart and arterial network in a single examination, so as to describe the burden of atherosclerosis...

    Authors: Jonathan R. Weir-McCall, Suzanne L. Duce, Stephen J. Gandy, Shona Z. Matthew, Patricia Martin, Deirdre B. Cassidy, Lynne McCormick, Jill J. F. Belch, Allan D. Struthers, Helen M. Colhoun and J. Graeme Houston

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:18

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Spondylosis leads to an overestimation of bone mineral density (BMD) with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) but not with quantitative computed tomography (QCT). The correlation between degenerative change...

    Authors: Astrid Ellen Grams, Rafael Rehwald, Alexander Bartsch, Sarah Honold, Christian Franz Freyschlag, Michael Knoflach, Elke Ruth Gizewski and Bernhard Glodny

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:17

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Benign ectopia of prostatic glandular tissue in the seminal vesicles is rare with only three prior cases reported in the literature. Prostate cancer, arising within prostatic ectopia in the seminal vesicles, h...

    Authors: Alexander S. Somwaru, Deepu Alex and Atif Zaheer

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:16

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:33

  15. Content type: Technical advance

    Lung diseases (resulting from air pollution) require a widely accessible method for risk estimation and early diagnosis to ensure proper and responsive treatment. Radiomics-based fractal dimension analysis of ...

    Authors: Krisztián Szigeti, Tibor Szabó, Csaba Korom, Ilona Czibak, Ildikó Horváth, Dániel S. Veres, Zoltán Gyöngyi, Kinga Karlinger, Ralf Bergmann, Márta Pócsik, Ferenc Budán and Domokos Máthé

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:14

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The staging of axillary lymph nodes is critical to the management and prognosis of breast cancer, the most frequent cancer in females. Neoadjuvant therapy and lymph node dissection are recommended when maligna...

    Authors: Caroline De Coninck, Jean-Christophe Noël, Rachel Boutemy and Philippe Simon

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:13

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  17. Content type: TECHNICAL ADVANCE

    From the viewpoint of the patients’ health, reducing the radiation dose in computed tomography (CT) is highly desirable. However, projection measurements acquired under low-dose conditions will contain much no...

    Authors: Davood Karimi, Pierre Deman, Rabab Ward and Nancy Ford

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:11

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The ‘Cytocam’ is a third generation video-microscope, which enables real time visualisation of the in vivo microcirculation. Based upon the principle of incident dark field (IDF) illumination, this hand held comp...

    Authors: Edward Gilbert-Kawai, Jonny Coppel, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Can Ince and Daniel Martin

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:10

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study is to present a new methodology for three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of coronary arteries and plaque morphology using Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA).

    Authors: Lambros Athanasiou, George Rigas, Antonis I. Sakellarios, Themis P. Exarchos, Panagiotis K. Siogkas, Christos V. Bourantas, Hector M. Garcia-Garcia, Pedro A. Lemos, Breno A. Falcao, Lampros K. Michalis, Oberdan Parodi, Federico Vozzi and Dimitrios I. Fotiadis

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:9

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis is an uncommon association of common malignancies such as small cell lung carcinoma, testicular teratoma, and breast carcinoma. The nonspecific nature of the clinical present...

    Authors: Vipula R. Bataduwaarachchi and Nirmali Tissera

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:8

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  21. Content type: Software

    Perfusion imaging has become an important image based tool to derive the physiological information in various applications, like tumor diagnostics and therapy, stroke, (cardio-) vascular diseases, or functiona...

    Authors: Frank G. Zöllner, Markus Daab, Steven P. Sourbron, Lothar R. Schad, Stefan O. Schoenberg and Gerald Weisser

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:7

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Accurate segmentation of breast tissues is required for a number of applications such as model based deformable registration in breast radiotherapy. The accuracy of breast tissue segmentation is affected by th...

    Authors: Prabhjot Juneja, Philip Evans, David Windridge and Emma Harris

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:6

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In preclinical research MatrixgelTM Basement Membrane Matrix (MG) is used frequently for the establishment of syngeneic and xenograft cancer models. Limited information on its influence on parameters including; t...

    Authors: Frederikke P. Fliedner, Anders E. Hansen, Jesper T. Jørgensen and Andreas Kjær

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:5

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  24. Content type: Technical advance

    Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) abnormalities in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are currently measured by a complex combination of separate procedures. Therefore, t...

    Authors: Alfredo Revenaz, Massimiliano Ruggeri, Marcella Laganà, Niels Bergsland, Elisabetta Groppo, Marco Rovaris and Enrico Fainardi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:4

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The recent implementation of the dual energy technology on CT-scanners has opened new perspectives in tissue and material characterization. This study aims to evaluate whether dual energy CT can be used to ass...

    Authors: Alexandra Platon, Minerva Becker, Christoph D. Becker, Eric Lock, Hans Wolff, Thomas Perneger and Pierre-Alexandre Poletti

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:3

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to compare the properties and feasibility of the glucose analog, 2-18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG), three short 18F-labeled carboxylic acids, 18F-fluoroacetate (18F-FAC), 2-18F-fl...

    Authors: Hongliang Wang, Ganghua Tang, Kongzhen Hu, Tingting Huang, Xiang Liang, Zhifang Wu and Sijin Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:2

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Sarcoidosis–lymphoma syndrome (SLS) is a rare disease in which both entities coexist. We aimed to study the role of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and L–[3-18F] α-methyltyrosine (FAMT) positron emission tomography ...

    Authors: Ryan Yudistiro, Yukiko Arisaka, Azusa Tokue and Takahito Nakajima

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:1

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The term severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) encompasses a heterogeneous group of respiratory illnesses. Grading the severity of SARI is currently reliant on indirect disease severity measures such as re...

    Authors: Emma Taylor, Kathryn Haven, Peter Reed, Ange Bissielo, Dave Harvey, Colin McArthur, Cameron Bringans, Simone Freundlich, R. Joan H. Ingram, David Perry, Francessa Wilson, David Milne, Lucy Modahl, Q. Sue Huang, Diane Gross, Marc-Alain Widdowson…

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:61

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  29. Content type: Research article

    [18F]FDG-PET/CT imaging is broadly used in head and neck cancer (HNSCC) patients. CT perfusion (CTP) is known to provide information about angiogenesis and blood-flow characteristics in tumors. The aim of this...

    Authors: Carsten Pietsch, Felipe de Galiza Barbosa, Martin W. Hüllner, Daniel T. Schmid, Stephan K. Haerle, Gerhard F. Huber, Gabriela Studer, Thomas F. Hany and Patrick Veit-Haibach

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:60

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Before extracting impacted lower third molars, dentists must first identify the spatial relationship between the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and an impacted lower third molar to prevent nerve injury from the...

    Authors: Wei-Quan Wang, Michael Y. C. Chen, Heng-Li Huang, Lih-Jyh Fuh, Ming-Tzu Tsai and Jui-Ting Hsu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:59

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Objective of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of novel ultrasonographic modalities in comparison with simultaneously performed liver biopsy.

    Authors: Jan Keller, Tanja Eva-Maria Kaltenbach, Mark Martin Haenle, Suemeyra Oeztuerk, Tilmann Graeter, Richard Andrew Mason, Thomas Seufferlein and Wolfgang Kratzer

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:58

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high-resolution sub-surface imaging modality using near-infrared light to provide accurate and high contrast intra-vascular images. This enables accurate assessment of d...

    Authors: Suhail Dohad, John Shao, Ian Cawich, Manish Kankaria and Arjun Desai

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:57

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The minimally invasive, balloon-assisted reduction and cement-augmented internal fixation of the tibial plateau is an innovative surgical procedure for tibial plateau fractures. The close proximity of balloons...

    Authors: Thorsten Jentzsch, Yannick Fritz, Patrick Veit-Haibach, Jürgen Schmitt, Kai Sprengel and Clément M. L. Werner

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:56

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  34. Content type: Research article

    We hypothesized that the contrast medium gadobutrol is not inferior compared to Gd-DTPA in identifying and quantifying ischemic late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), even by using a lower dose.

    Authors: Andre Rudolph, Daniel Messroghli, Florian von Knobelsdorff-Brenkenhoff, Julius Traber, Johannes Schüler, Ralf Wassmuth and Jeanette Schulz-Menger

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:55

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Lung cancer is the most common cancer which has the highest mortality rate. With the development of computed tomography (CT) techniques, the case detection rates of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPN) has constan...

    Authors: Huijuan Xiao, Yihe Liu, Hongna Tan, Pan Liang, Bo Wang, Lei Su, Suya Wang and Jianbo Gao

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:54

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  36. Content type: TECHNICAL ADVANCE

    In recent years, an increased interest has been seen in the area of medical image processing and, as a consequence, Computer Aided Diagnostic (CAD) systems. The basic purpose of CAD systems is to assist doctor...

    Authors: Zobia Suhail, Mansoor Sarwar and Kashif Murtaza

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:53

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  37. Content type: Technical advance

    In thalassemia patients, R2* liver iron concentration (LIC) measurement is a common clinical tool for assessing iron overload and for determining necessary chelator dose and evaluating its efficacy. Despite th...

    Authors: Pairash Saiviroonporn, Vip Viprakasit and Rungroj Krittayaphong

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:52

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  38. Content type: Research article

    This study evaluated the use of an augmented reality navigation system that provides a markerless registration system using stereo vision in oral and maxillofacial surgery.

    Authors: Hideyuki Suenaga, Huy Hoang Tran, Hongen Liao, Ken Masamune, Takeyoshi Dohi, Kazuto Hoshi and Tsuyoshi Takato

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:51

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  39. Content type: Research Article

    Accurate and precise detection of brain lesions on MR images (MRI) is paramount for accurately relating lesion location to impaired behavior. In this paper, we present a novel method to automatically detect br...

    Authors: Dazhou Guo, Julius Fridriksson, Paul Fillmore, Christopher Rorden, Hongkai Yu, Kang Zheng and Song Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:50

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  40. Content type: Research article

    For optimizing and evaluating image quality in medical imaging, one can use visual grading experiments, where observers rate some aspect of image quality on an ordinal scale. To analyze the grading data, sever...

    Authors: S. Ehsan Saffari, Áskell Löve, Mats Fredrikson and Örjan Smedby

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:49

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to see how coronary magnetic resonance angiography (CMRA) compared to echocardiography for the detection of coronary artery origins and to compare CMRA measurements for coronary d...

    Authors: Tarique Hussain, Sujeev Mathur, Sarah A. Peel, Israel Valverde, Karolina Bilska, Markus Henningsson, Rene M. Botnar, John Simpson and Gerald F. Greil

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:48

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Radiographic imaging is a valuable tool in clinical practice for quick anatomical assessment. We aimed to radiographically assess (A) the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft tunnel location after anatomic s...

    Authors: Parag Suresh Mahajan, Prem Chandra, Nazeer Ahamad and Sheik Akbar Hussein

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:47

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  43. Content type: Technical advance

    Ultrasound is considered a reliable, widely available, non-invasive, and inexpensive imaging technique for assessing and detecting the development phases of cancer; both in vivo and ex vivo, and for understanding...

    Authors: Zhenyou Wang, Jiang Zhu, Yanmei Xue, Changxiu Song and Ning Bi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:46

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  44. Content type: Case report

    Bacterial meningitis is a fatal infectious disease of the central nervous system complicating intravascular involvements. Multiple microbleeds are rarely identified as complications because of the limited dete...

    Authors: Keita Miyazaki, Hidetada Fukushima, Youhei Kogeichi, Tomoo Watanabe, Kazunobu Norimoto, Toshiaki Taoka and Kazuo Okuchi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:45

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  45. Content type: Technical advance

    The use of computer-aided learning in education can be advantageous, especially when interactive three-dimensional (3D) models are used to aid learning of complex 3D structures. The anatomy of the ventricular ...

    Authors: Amy Manson, Matthieu Poyade and Paul Rea

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:44

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Although it is well known that renal artery stenosis may cause renovascular hypertension, it is unclear how the degree of stenosis should best be measured in morphological images. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Malin Andersson, Karl Jägervall, Per Eriksson, Anders Persson, Göran Granerus, Chunliang Wang and Örjan Smedby

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:42

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