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  1. Content type: Research article

    The ‘Cytocam’ is a third generation video-microscope, which enables real time visualisation of the in vivo microcirculation. Based upon the principle of incident dark field (IDF) illumination, this hand held comp...

    Authors: Edward Gilbert-Kawai, Jonny Coppel, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Can Ince and Daniel Martin

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:10

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study is to present a new methodology for three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of coronary arteries and plaque morphology using Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA).

    Authors: Lambros Athanasiou, George Rigas, Antonis I. Sakellarios, Themis P. Exarchos, Panagiotis K. Siogkas, Christos V. Bourantas, Hector M. Garcia-Garcia, Pedro A. Lemos, Breno A. Falcao, Lampros K. Michalis, Oberdan Parodi, Federico Vozzi and Dimitrios I. Fotiadis

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:9

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis is an uncommon association of common malignancies such as small cell lung carcinoma, testicular teratoma, and breast carcinoma. The nonspecific nature of the clinical present...

    Authors: Vipula R. Bataduwaarachchi and Nirmali Tissera

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:8

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  4. Content type: Software

    Perfusion imaging has become an important image based tool to derive the physiological information in various applications, like tumor diagnostics and therapy, stroke, (cardio-) vascular diseases, or functiona...

    Authors: Frank G. Zöllner, Markus Daab, Steven P. Sourbron, Lothar R. Schad, Stefan O. Schoenberg and Gerald Weisser

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:7

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Accurate segmentation of breast tissues is required for a number of applications such as model based deformable registration in breast radiotherapy. The accuracy of breast tissue segmentation is affected by th...

    Authors: Prabhjot Juneja, Philip Evans, David Windridge and Emma Harris

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:6

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In preclinical research MatrixgelTM Basement Membrane Matrix (MG) is used frequently for the establishment of syngeneic and xenograft cancer models. Limited information on its influence on parameters including; t...

    Authors: Frederikke P. Fliedner, Anders E. Hansen, Jesper T. Jørgensen and Andreas Kjær

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:5

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  7. Content type: Technical advance

    Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) abnormalities in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are currently measured by a complex combination of separate procedures. Therefore, t...

    Authors: Alfredo Revenaz, Massimiliano Ruggeri, Marcella Laganà, Niels Bergsland, Elisabetta Groppo, Marco Rovaris and Enrico Fainardi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:4

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The recent implementation of the dual energy technology on CT-scanners has opened new perspectives in tissue and material characterization. This study aims to evaluate whether dual energy CT can be used to ass...

    Authors: Alexandra Platon, Minerva Becker, Christoph D. Becker, Eric Lock, Hans Wolff, Thomas Perneger and Pierre-Alexandre Poletti

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:3

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to compare the properties and feasibility of the glucose analog, 2-18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG), three short 18F-labeled carboxylic acids, 18F-fluoroacetate (18F-FAC), 2-18F-fl...

    Authors: Hongliang Wang, Ganghua Tang, Kongzhen Hu, Tingting Huang, Xiang Liang, Zhifang Wu and Sijin Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:2

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Sarcoidosis–lymphoma syndrome (SLS) is a rare disease in which both entities coexist. We aimed to study the role of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and L–[3-18F] α-methyltyrosine (FAMT) positron emission tomography ...

    Authors: Ryan Yudistiro, Yukiko Arisaka, Azusa Tokue and Takahito Nakajima

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:1

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The term severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) encompasses a heterogeneous group of respiratory illnesses. Grading the severity of SARI is currently reliant on indirect disease severity measures such as re...

    Authors: Emma Taylor, Kathryn Haven, Peter Reed, Ange Bissielo, Dave Harvey, Colin McArthur, Cameron Bringans, Simone Freundlich, R. Joan H. Ingram, David Perry, Francessa Wilson, David Milne, Lucy Modahl, Q. Sue Huang, Diane Gross, Marc-Alain Widdowson…

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:61

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  12. Content type: Research article

    [18F]FDG-PET/CT imaging is broadly used in head and neck cancer (HNSCC) patients. CT perfusion (CTP) is known to provide information about angiogenesis and blood-flow characteristics in tumors. The aim of this...

    Authors: Carsten Pietsch, Felipe de Galiza Barbosa, Martin W. Hüllner, Daniel T. Schmid, Stephan K. Haerle, Gerhard F. Huber, Gabriela Studer, Thomas F. Hany and Patrick Veit-Haibach

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:60

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Before extracting impacted lower third molars, dentists must first identify the spatial relationship between the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and an impacted lower third molar to prevent nerve injury from the...

    Authors: Wei-Quan Wang, Michael Y. C. Chen, Heng-Li Huang, Lih-Jyh Fuh, Ming-Tzu Tsai and Jui-Ting Hsu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:59

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Objective of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of novel ultrasonographic modalities in comparison with simultaneously performed liver biopsy.

    Authors: Jan Keller, Tanja Eva-Maria Kaltenbach, Mark Martin Haenle, Suemeyra Oeztuerk, Tilmann Graeter, Richard Andrew Mason, Thomas Seufferlein and Wolfgang Kratzer

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:58

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high-resolution sub-surface imaging modality using near-infrared light to provide accurate and high contrast intra-vascular images. This enables accurate assessment of d...

    Authors: Suhail Dohad, John Shao, Ian Cawich, Manish Kankaria and Arjun Desai

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:57

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The minimally invasive, balloon-assisted reduction and cement-augmented internal fixation of the tibial plateau is an innovative surgical procedure for tibial plateau fractures. The close proximity of balloons...

    Authors: Thorsten Jentzsch, Yannick Fritz, Patrick Veit-Haibach, Jürgen Schmitt, Kai Sprengel and Clément M. L. Werner

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:56

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  17. Content type: Research article

    We hypothesized that the contrast medium gadobutrol is not inferior compared to Gd-DTPA in identifying and quantifying ischemic late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), even by using a lower dose.

    Authors: Andre Rudolph, Daniel Messroghli, Florian von Knobelsdorff-Brenkenhoff, Julius Traber, Johannes Schüler, Ralf Wassmuth and Jeanette Schulz-Menger

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:55

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Lung cancer is the most common cancer which has the highest mortality rate. With the development of computed tomography (CT) techniques, the case detection rates of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPN) has constan...

    Authors: Huijuan Xiao, Yihe Liu, Hongna Tan, Pan Liang, Bo Wang, Lei Su, Suya Wang and Jianbo Gao

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:54

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  19. Content type: TECHNICAL ADVANCE

    In recent years, an increased interest has been seen in the area of medical image processing and, as a consequence, Computer Aided Diagnostic (CAD) systems. The basic purpose of CAD systems is to assist doctor...

    Authors: Zobia Suhail, Mansoor Sarwar and Kashif Murtaza

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:53

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  20. Content type: Technical advance

    In thalassemia patients, R2* liver iron concentration (LIC) measurement is a common clinical tool for assessing iron overload and for determining necessary chelator dose and evaluating its efficacy. Despite th...

    Authors: Pairash Saiviroonporn, Vip Viprakasit and Rungroj Krittayaphong

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:52

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  21. Content type: Research article

    This study evaluated the use of an augmented reality navigation system that provides a markerless registration system using stereo vision in oral and maxillofacial surgery.

    Authors: Hideyuki Suenaga, Huy Hoang Tran, Hongen Liao, Ken Masamune, Takeyoshi Dohi, Kazuto Hoshi and Tsuyoshi Takato

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:51

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  22. Content type: Research Article

    Accurate and precise detection of brain lesions on MR images (MRI) is paramount for accurately relating lesion location to impaired behavior. In this paper, we present a novel method to automatically detect br...

    Authors: Dazhou Guo, Julius Fridriksson, Paul Fillmore, Christopher Rorden, Hongkai Yu, Kang Zheng and Song Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:50

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  23. Content type: Research article

    For optimizing and evaluating image quality in medical imaging, one can use visual grading experiments, where observers rate some aspect of image quality on an ordinal scale. To analyze the grading data, sever...

    Authors: S. Ehsan Saffari, Áskell Löve, Mats Fredrikson and Örjan Smedby

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:49

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to see how coronary magnetic resonance angiography (CMRA) compared to echocardiography for the detection of coronary artery origins and to compare CMRA measurements for coronary d...

    Authors: Tarique Hussain, Sujeev Mathur, Sarah A. Peel, Israel Valverde, Karolina Bilska, Markus Henningsson, Rene M. Botnar, John Simpson and Gerald F. Greil

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:48

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Radiographic imaging is a valuable tool in clinical practice for quick anatomical assessment. We aimed to radiographically assess (A) the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft tunnel location after anatomic s...

    Authors: Parag Suresh Mahajan, Prem Chandra, Nazeer Ahamad and Sheik Akbar Hussein

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:47

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  26. Content type: Technical advance

    Ultrasound is considered a reliable, widely available, non-invasive, and inexpensive imaging technique for assessing and detecting the development phases of cancer; both in vivo and ex vivo, and for understanding...

    Authors: Zhenyou Wang, Jiang Zhu, Yanmei Xue, Changxiu Song and Ning Bi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:46

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Bacterial meningitis is a fatal infectious disease of the central nervous system complicating intravascular involvements. Multiple microbleeds are rarely identified as complications because of the limited dete...

    Authors: Keita Miyazaki, Hidetada Fukushima, Youhei Kogeichi, Tomoo Watanabe, Kazunobu Norimoto, Toshiaki Taoka and Kazuo Okuchi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:45

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  28. Content type: Technical advance

    The use of computer-aided learning in education can be advantageous, especially when interactive three-dimensional (3D) models are used to aid learning of complex 3D structures. The anatomy of the ventricular ...

    Authors: Amy Manson, Matthieu Poyade and Paul Rea

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:44

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Although it is well known that renal artery stenosis may cause renovascular hypertension, it is unclear how the degree of stenosis should best be measured in morphological images. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Malin Andersson, Karl Jägervall, Per Eriksson, Anders Persson, Göran Granerus, Chunliang Wang and Örjan Smedby

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:42

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  30. Content type: Research article

    To set up a method for measuring radiographic displacement of unstable pelvic ring fractures based on standardized X-ray images and then test its reliability and validity using a software-based measurement tec...

    Authors: Jing-xin Zhao, Zhe Zhao, Li-cheng Zhang, Xiu-yun Su, Hai-long Du, Li-ning Zhang, Li-hai Zhang and Pei-fu Tang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:41

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Post processing for brain spectra has a great influence on the fit quality of individual spectra, as well as on the reproducibility of results from comparable spectra. This investigation used pairs of spectra,...

    Authors: Martin H J Busch, Wolfgang Vollmann, Serban Mateiescu, Manuel Stolze, Martin Deli, Marietta Garmer and Dietrich H W Grönemeyer

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:40

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Pelvic incidence (PI) has been linked to several degenerative processes within the spinopelvic system. Acetabular retroversion is a recognised risk factor for osteoarthritis of the hip. We therefore hypothesis...

    Authors: Simon Tiziani, Lucienne Gautier, Jan Farei-Campagna, Georg Osterhoff, Thorsten Jentzsch, Thi Dan Linh Nguyen-Kim and Clément ML Werner

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:39

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Abernethy malformation is a rare congenital vascular abnormality in which the portal vein bypasses the liver and drains directly into the inferior vena cava. Diagnosis is complex and requires good quality imag...

    Authors: Lucas Souto Nacif, Denise Cerqueira Paranaguá-Vezozzo, Flávio Henrique Ferreira Galvão, Manoel S. Rocha, Wellington Andraus, Flair Jose Carrilho and Luiz Carneiro D´Albuquerque

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:37

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  34. Content type: Research article

    It is challenging to obtain a similar access to positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) within the whole region served. In the subarctic and arctic region of Norway, significant distances, we...

    Authors: Jan Norum, Ursula Søndergaard, Erik Traasdahl, Carsten Nieder, Geir Tollåli, Gry Andersen and Rune Sundset

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:36

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  35. Content type: TECHNICAL ADVANCE

    Comparison of imaging measurement devices in the absence of a gold-standard comparator remains a vexing problem; especially in scenarios where multiple, non-paired, replicated measurements occur, as in image-g...

    Authors: Anuradha Roy, Clifton D. Fuller, David I. Rosenthal and Charles R. Thomas Jr.

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:35

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Aortic valve area (AVA) estimation in patients with aortic stenosis may be obtained using several methods. This study was undertaken to verify the cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) planimetry of aortic s...

    Authors: Stefan Buchner, Kurt Debl, Franz-Xaver Schmid, Andreas Luchner and Behrus Djavidani

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:34

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  37. Content type: Case report

    In acute ischemic stroke, diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) shows hyperintensities and is considered to indicate irreversibly damaged tissue. We present the case of a young stroke patient with unusual variabili...

    Authors: Ann-Christin Ostwaldt, Tatiana Usnich, Christian H. Nolte, Kersten Villringer and Jochen B. Fiebach

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:33

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The first aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between clinical and physical-technical image quality applied to different strengths of iterative reconstruction in chest CT images using Thiel cadav...

    Authors: An De Crop, Peter Smeets, Tom Van Hoof, Merel Vergauwen, Tom Dewaele, Mathias Van Borsel, Eric Achten, Koenraad Verstraete, Katharina D’Herde, Hubert Thierens and Klaus Bacher

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:32

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Hemodynamic monitoring is frequently needed in ventilated patients with unstable hemodynamics after open-heart surgery. Novel miniaturized single-use transesophageal echocardiographic probe has been scarcely u...

    Authors: Emmanuelle Begot, Marc Clavel, Alessandro Piccardo, Rémi Bellier, Bruno François, Nicolas Pichon and Philippe Vignon

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:31

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Ossifying metaplasia is an unusual feature of urothelial carcinoma, with only a few cases reported. The largest series included 17 cases and was published in 1991. The mechanism of ossification is unknown and ...

    Authors: Sana Boudabbous, Daniel Arditi, Emilie Paulin, Thibaud Koessler, Anne Laure Rougemont and Xavier Montet

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:30

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  41. Content type: Research Article

    Compressed sensing(CS) has been well applied to speed up imaging by exploring image sparsity over predefined basis functions or learnt dictionary. Firstly, the sparse representation is generally obtained in a ...

    Authors: Bingxin Yang, Min Yuan, Yide Ma, Jiuwen Zhang and Kun Zhan

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:28

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  42. Content type: Research Article

    Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death in North America. Auto-detection of prostate cancer can play a major role in early detection of prostate cancer, w...

    Authors: Farzad Khalvati, Alexander Wong and Masoom A. Haider

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:27

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to investigate whether three-dimensional (3D) single inversion-recovery prepared steady-state free precession (IR-SSFP) could characterize the coronary artery wall.

    Authors: Takeshi Ishimoto, Yasuyo Taniguchi, Tosiaki Miyati, Momoe Kawakami and Masaru Ishihara

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:26

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Patients evaluated for acute and chronic chest pain comprise a large, heterogeneous group that often provides diagnostic challenges. Although speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) has proved to have diagnost...

    Authors: Ingvild Billehaug Norum, Vidar Ruddox, Thor Edvardsen and Jan Erik Otterstad

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:25

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  45. Content type: Case report

    In human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients, immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) due to nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infection is one of the most difficult types of IRIS to mana...

    Authors: Ho Namkoong, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Makoto Ishii, Kazuma Yagi, Mizuha Haraguchi, Masako Matsusaka, Shoji Suzuki, Takanori Asakura, Takahiro Asami, Fumitake Saito, Koichi Fukunaga, Sadatomo Tasaka, Tomoko Betsuyaku and Naoki Hasegawa

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:24

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Osteoporosis is defined as a skeletal disorder characterized by compromised bone strength due to a reduction of bone mass and deterioration of bone microstructure predisposing an individual to an increased ris...

    Authors: Thomas Baum, Eduardo Grande Garcia, Rainer Burgkart, Olga Gordijenko, Hans Liebl, Pia M. Jungmann, Michael Gruber, Tina Zahel, Ernst J. Rummeny, Simone Waldt and Jan S. Bauer

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:22

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