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  1. Content type: Research article

    For optimizing and evaluating image quality in medical imaging, one can use visual grading experiments, where observers rate some aspect of image quality on an ordinal scale. To analyze the grading data, sever...

    Authors: S. Ehsan Saffari, Áskell Löve, Mats Fredrikson and Örjan Smedby

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:49

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to see how coronary magnetic resonance angiography (CMRA) compared to echocardiography for the detection of coronary artery origins and to compare CMRA measurements for coronary d...

    Authors: Tarique Hussain, Sujeev Mathur, Sarah A. Peel, Israel Valverde, Karolina Bilska, Markus Henningsson, Rene M. Botnar, John Simpson and Gerald F. Greil

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:48

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  3. Content type: Technical advance

    Ultrasound is considered a reliable, widely available, non-invasive, and inexpensive imaging technique for assessing and detecting the development phases of cancer; both in vivo and ex vivo, and for understanding...

    Authors: Zhenyou Wang, Jiang Zhu, Yanmei Xue, Changxiu Song and Ning Bi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:46

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Radiographic imaging is a valuable tool in clinical practice for quick anatomical assessment. We aimed to radiographically assess (A) the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft tunnel location after anatomic s...

    Authors: Parag Suresh Mahajan, Prem Chandra, Nazeer Ahamad and Sheik Akbar Hussein

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:47

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Bacterial meningitis is a fatal infectious disease of the central nervous system complicating intravascular involvements. Multiple microbleeds are rarely identified as complications because of the limited dete...

    Authors: Keita Miyazaki, Hidetada Fukushima, Youhei Kogeichi, Tomoo Watanabe, Kazunobu Norimoto, Toshiaki Taoka and Kazuo Okuchi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:45

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  6. Content type: Technical advance

    The use of computer-aided learning in education can be advantageous, especially when interactive three-dimensional (3D) models are used to aid learning of complex 3D structures. The anatomy of the ventricular ...

    Authors: Amy Manson, Matthieu Poyade and Paul Rea

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:44

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Although it is well known that renal artery stenosis may cause renovascular hypertension, it is unclear how the degree of stenosis should best be measured in morphological images. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Malin Andersson, Karl Jägervall, Per Eriksson, Anders Persson, Göran Granerus, Chunliang Wang and Örjan Smedby

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:42

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  8. Content type: Research article

    To set up a method for measuring radiographic displacement of unstable pelvic ring fractures based on standardized X-ray images and then test its reliability and validity using a software-based measurement tec...

    Authors: Jing-xin Zhao, Zhe Zhao, Li-cheng Zhang, Xiu-yun Su, Hai-long Du, Li-ning Zhang, Li-hai Zhang and Pei-fu Tang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:41

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Post processing for brain spectra has a great influence on the fit quality of individual spectra, as well as on the reproducibility of results from comparable spectra. This investigation used pairs of spectra,...

    Authors: Martin H J Busch, Wolfgang Vollmann, Serban Mateiescu, Manuel Stolze, Martin Deli, Marietta Garmer and Dietrich H W Grönemeyer

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:40

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Pelvic incidence (PI) has been linked to several degenerative processes within the spinopelvic system. Acetabular retroversion is a recognised risk factor for osteoarthritis of the hip. We therefore hypothesis...

    Authors: Simon Tiziani, Lucienne Gautier, Jan Farei-Campagna, Georg Osterhoff, Thorsten Jentzsch, Thi Dan Linh Nguyen-Kim and Clément ML Werner

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:39

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Abernethy malformation is a rare congenital vascular abnormality in which the portal vein bypasses the liver and drains directly into the inferior vena cava. Diagnosis is complex and requires good quality imag...

    Authors: Lucas Souto Nacif, Denise Cerqueira Paranaguá-Vezozzo, Flávio Henrique Ferreira Galvão, Manoel S. Rocha, Wellington Andraus, Flair Jose Carrilho and Luiz Carneiro D´Albuquerque

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:37

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  12. Content type: TECHNICAL ADVANCE

    Comparison of imaging measurement devices in the absence of a gold-standard comparator remains a vexing problem; especially in scenarios where multiple, non-paired, replicated measurements occur, as in image-g...

    Authors: Anuradha Roy, Clifton D. Fuller, David I. Rosenthal and Charles R. Thomas Jr.

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:35

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  13. Content type: Research article

    It is challenging to obtain a similar access to positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) within the whole region served. In the subarctic and arctic region of Norway, significant distances, we...

    Authors: Jan Norum, Ursula Søndergaard, Erik Traasdahl, Carsten Nieder, Geir Tollåli, Gry Andersen and Rune Sundset

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:36

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Aortic valve area (AVA) estimation in patients with aortic stenosis may be obtained using several methods. This study was undertaken to verify the cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) planimetry of aortic s...

    Authors: Stefan Buchner, Kurt Debl, Franz-Xaver Schmid, Andreas Luchner and Behrus Djavidani

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:34

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  15. Content type: Case report

    In acute ischemic stroke, diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) shows hyperintensities and is considered to indicate irreversibly damaged tissue. We present the case of a young stroke patient with unusual variabili...

    Authors: Ann-Christin Ostwaldt, Tatiana Usnich, Christian H. Nolte, Kersten Villringer and Jochen B. Fiebach

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:33

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The first aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between clinical and physical-technical image quality applied to different strengths of iterative reconstruction in chest CT images using Thiel cadav...

    Authors: An De Crop, Peter Smeets, Tom Van Hoof, Merel Vergauwen, Tom Dewaele, Mathias Van Borsel, Eric Achten, Koenraad Verstraete, Katharina D’Herde, Hubert Thierens and Klaus Bacher

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:32

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Hemodynamic monitoring is frequently needed in ventilated patients with unstable hemodynamics after open-heart surgery. Novel miniaturized single-use transesophageal echocardiographic probe has been scarcely u...

    Authors: Emmanuelle Begot, Marc Clavel, Alessandro Piccardo, Rémi Bellier, Bruno François, Nicolas Pichon and Philippe Vignon

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:31

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Ossifying metaplasia is an unusual feature of urothelial carcinoma, with only a few cases reported. The largest series included 17 cases and was published in 1991. The mechanism of ossification is unknown and ...

    Authors: Sana Boudabbous, Daniel Arditi, Emilie Paulin, Thibaud Koessler, Anne Laure Rougemont and Xavier Montet

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:30

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  19. Content type: Research Article

    Compressed sensing(CS) has been well applied to speed up imaging by exploring image sparsity over predefined basis functions or learnt dictionary. Firstly, the sparse representation is generally obtained in a ...

    Authors: Bingxin Yang, Min Yuan, Yide Ma, Jiuwen Zhang and Kun Zhan

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:28

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  20. Content type: Research Article

    Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death in North America. Auto-detection of prostate cancer can play a major role in early detection of prostate cancer, w...

    Authors: Farzad Khalvati, Alexander Wong and Masoom A. Haider

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:27

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Patients evaluated for acute and chronic chest pain comprise a large, heterogeneous group that often provides diagnostic challenges. Although speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) has proved to have diagnost...

    Authors: Ingvild Billehaug Norum, Vidar Ruddox, Thor Edvardsen and Jan Erik Otterstad

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:25

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to investigate whether three-dimensional (3D) single inversion-recovery prepared steady-state free precession (IR-SSFP) could characterize the coronary artery wall.

    Authors: Takeshi Ishimoto, Yasuyo Taniguchi, Tosiaki Miyati, Momoe Kawakami and Masaru Ishihara

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:26

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  23. Content type: Case report

    In human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients, immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) due to nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infection is one of the most difficult types of IRIS to mana...

    Authors: Ho Namkoong, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Makoto Ishii, Kazuma Yagi, Mizuha Haraguchi, Masako Matsusaka, Shoji Suzuki, Takanori Asakura, Takahiro Asami, Fumitake Saito, Koichi Fukunaga, Sadatomo Tasaka, Tomoko Betsuyaku and Naoki Hasegawa

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:24

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Osteoporosis is defined as a skeletal disorder characterized by compromised bone strength due to a reduction of bone mass and deterioration of bone microstructure predisposing an individual to an increased ris...

    Authors: Thomas Baum, Eduardo Grande Garcia, Rainer Burgkart, Olga Gordijenko, Hans Liebl, Pia M. Jungmann, Michael Gruber, Tina Zahel, Ernst J. Rummeny, Simone Waldt and Jan S. Bauer

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:22

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Recent advances in bronchoscopy, such as transbronchial biopsy (TBB) using endobronchial ultrasonography with a guide sheath (EBUS-GS), have improved the diagnostic yield of small-sized peripheral lung lesions...

    Authors: Tomoyuki Minezawa, Takuya Okamura, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Naoki Yamamoto, Sayako Morikawa, Teppei Yamaguchi, Mariko Morishita, Yoshikazu Niwa, Tomoko Takeyama, Yuki Mieno, Tami Hoshino, Sakurako Uozu, Yasuhiro Goto, Masamichi Hayashi, Sumito Isogai, Masaki Matsuo…

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:21

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Respiratory gating is often used in 4D-flow acquisition to reduce motion artifacts. However, gating increases scan time. The aim of this study was to investigate if respiratory gating can be excluded from 4D f...

    Authors: Mikael Kanski, Johannes Töger, Katarina Steding-Ehrenborg, Christos Xanthis, Karin Markenroth Bloch, Einar Heiberg, Marcus Carlsson and Håkan Arheden

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:20

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  27. Content type: Software

    Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) is a promising technique to characterize pathology and evaluate treatment response. However, analysis of DCE-MRI data is complex and benefits from...

    Authors: Samuel R. Barnes, Thomas S. C. Ng, Naomi Santa-Maria, Axel Montagne, Berislav V. Zlokovic and Russell E. Jacobs

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:19

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The diagnosis of hip pain after total hip replacement (THR) represents a highly challenging question that is of increasing concern to orthopedic surgeons. This retrospective study assesses bone scintigraphy wi...

    Authors: Oliver Dobrindt, Holger Amthauer, Alexander Krueger, Juri Ruf, Heiko Wissel, Oliver S Grosser, Max Seidensticker and Christoph H Lohmann

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:18

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  29. Content type: Research article

    In children, septic arthritis (SA) of the hip is either primary or concomitant with acute haematogenous osteomyelitis (AHO). However, seldom, patients with isolated SA at presentation, may later show osteomyel...

    Authors: Laura Merlini, Mehrak Anooshiravani and Dimitri Ceroni

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:17

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Alveolar macrophages, with their high functional plasticity, were reported to orchestrate the induction and resolution of inflammatory processes in chronic pulmonary diseases. Noninvasive imaging modalities th...

    Authors: Achraf Al Faraj, Asma Sultana Shaik and Mohammed Alnafea

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:16

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains a global health problem with unique diagnostic and therapeutic challenges, including difficulties in identifying the highest risk patients. Previous work from our lab has...

    Authors: Paul R. Territo, Mary Maluccio, Amanda A. Riley, Brian P. McCarthy, James Fletcher, Mark Tann, Romil Saxena and Nicholas J. Skill

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:15

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Pancreatic cancer accompanied by a moderate-sized pseudocyst with extrapancreatic growth is extremely rare. Diagnosis of pancreatic cancer on preoperative imaging is difficult when the pancreatic parenchyma is...

    Authors: Yu Ohkura, Kazunari Sasaki, Masamichi Matsuda, Masaji Hashimoto, Takeshi Fujii and Goro Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:14

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  33. Content type: Technical advance

    Manual and semi-automatic analyses of images, acquired in vivo by confocal microscopy, are often used to determine the quality of corneal endothelium in the human eye. These procedures are highly time consumin...

    Authors: Bettina Selig, Koenraad A Vermeer, Bernd Rieger, Toine Hillenaar and Cris L Luengo Hendriks

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:13

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Patients with facial cancers can experience disfigurement as they may undergo considerable appearance changes from their illness and its treatment. Individuals with difficulties adjusting to facial cancer are ...

    Authors: Juhun Lee, Michelle C Fingeret, Alan C Bovik, Gregory P Reece, Roman J Skoracki, Matthew M Hanasono and Mia K Markey

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:12

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The introduction of a standardized SPECT/CT algorithm including a localization scheme, which allows accurate identification of specific patterns and thresholds of SPECT/CT tracer uptake, could lead to a better...

    Authors: Basil Suter, Enrique Testa, Patrick Stämpfli, Praveen Konala, Helmut Rasch, Niklaus F Friederich and Michael T Hirschmann

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:11

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  36. Content type: Research Article

    Positron emission tomography scanners collect measurements of a patient’s in vivo radiotracer distribution. The system detects pairs of gamma rays emitted indirectly by a positron-emitting radionuclide (tracer), ...

    Authors: Alexander Wong, Chenyi Liu, Xiao Yu Wang, Paul Fieguth and Hongxia Bie

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:10

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Speech recognition (SR) technology, the process whereby spoken words are converted to digital text, has been used in radiology reporting since 1981. It was initially anticipated that SR would dominate radiolog...

    Authors: Jacqueline du Toit, Retha Hattingh and Richard Pitcher

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:8

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and diagnostic value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) and 99mTc-methylenediphosphonate (MDP) ...

    Authors: Lin Zhang, Lihua Chen, Qiao Xie, Yongke Zhang, Lin Cheng, Haitao Li and Jian Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:7

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  39. Content type: Correspondence

    Independent central reading or off-site reading of imaging endpoints is increasingly used in clinical trials. Clinician-reported outcomes, such as endoscopic disease activity scores, have been shown to be subj...

    Authors: Klaus Gottlieb and Fez Hussain

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:6

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Manual segmentations of the whole intracranial vault in high-resolution magnetic resonance images are often regarded as very time-consuming. Therefore it is common to only segment a few linearly spaced intracr...

    Authors: Niklas Klasson, Erik Olsson, Mats Rudemo, Carl Eckerström, Helge Malmgren and Anders Wallin

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:5

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Hibernomas are rare benign soft-tissue tumours arising from brown fat tissue. Although imaging characteristics are not specific certain imaging features, common locations and patient demographics may suggest h...

    Authors: Dirk Daubner, Stephanie Spieth, Jessica Pablik, Klaus Zöphel, Tobias Paulus and Michael Laniado

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:4

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The main objective of the present method was to automatically obtain a spatial curve of the thoracic and lumbar spine based on a 3D shape measurement of a human torso with developed scoliosis. Manual determina...

    Authors: Primož Poredoš, Dušan Čelan, Janez Možina and Matija Jezeršek

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:2

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