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  1. Content type: Case report

    Leiomyoma of the prostate is a rare benign tumor arising from smooth muscle fibers. Most cases are incidental findings observed during pathological examinations after resection of the prostate. To the best of ...

    Authors: Yanguang Shen, Yan Zhong, Haiyi Wang, Lu Ma, Yingwei Wang, Jinjin Pan, Zhonghua Sun and Huiyi Ye

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:63

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  2. Content type: Technical advance

    We investigate the use of different denoising filters on low signal-to-noise ratio cardiac images of the rat heart acquired with a birdcage volume coil at 7T. Accuracy and variability of cardiac function param...

    Authors: Benoit Tricot, Maxime Descoteaux, Matthieu Dumont, Frederic Chagnon, Luc Tremblay, André Carpentier, Olivier Lesur, Martin Lepage and Alain Lalande

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:62

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Primary to validate a commercial semi-automated computed tomography angiography (CTA) –software for vulnerable plaque detection compared to histology of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) specimens and secondary val...

    Authors: Hadi Mahmoud Haider Diab, Lars Melholt Rasmussen, Stevo Duvnjak, Axel Diederichsen, Pia Søndergaard Jensen and Jes Sanddal Lindholt

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:61

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  4. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT and ultrasonography in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), and explored the factors that affect the diagnostic performance.

    Authors: Panli Li, Qiufang Liu, Daoqiang Tang, Yinyan Zhu, Lian Xu, Xiaoguang Sun and Shaoli Song

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:60

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Ollier’s disease is a non-hereditary, benign bone tumor which is usually characterized by presence of multiple radiolucent lesions (enchondromas) in the metaphysis of long bones with unilateral predominance. T...

    Authors: Jamshid Sadiqi, Najibullah Rasouly, Hidayatullah Hamidi and Salahuddin Siraj

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:58

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Ultrasound imaging is safer than other imaging modalities, because it is noninvasive and nonradiative. Speckle noise degrades the quality of ultrasound images and has negative effects on visual perception and ...

    Authors: Shujun Liang, Feng Yang, Tiexiang Wen, Zhewei Yao, Qinghua Huang and Chengke Ye

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:57

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Evaluating inflammatory changes over time on MR images of the spine in patients with suspected axial Spondyloarthritis (axSpA) can be a labor-intensive task, requiring readers to manually search for and percep...

    Authors: Evgeni Aizenberg, Rosaline van den Berg, Zineb Ez-Zaitouni, Désirée van der Heijde, Monique Reijnierse, Oleh Dzyubachyk and Boudewijn P.F. Lelieveldt

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:55

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  8. Content type: Research Article

    In computed tomography colonography images, electronic cleansing (EC) is applied to remove opacified residual materials, called fecal-tagging materials (FTM), using positive-contrast tagging agents and laxativ...

    Authors: Krisorn Chunhapongpipat, Ratinan Boonklurb, Bundit Chaopathomkul, Sirod Sirisup and Rajalida Lipikorn

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:53

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Chest X-ray (CXR) is the primary diagnostic tool for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Some authors recently proposed that thoracic ultrasound (TUS) could valuably flank or even reliably substitute CXR in th...

    Authors: Maria D’Amato, Gaetano Rea, Vincenzo Carnevale, Maria Arcangela Grimaldi, Anna Rita Saponara, Eric Rosenthal, Michele Maria Maggi, Lucia Dimitri and Marco Sperandeo

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:52

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT) is a novel tissue tracking technique developed for noninvasive assessment of myocardial motion and deformation. This preliminary study aimed to evalu...

    Authors: Tomas Lapinskas, Jana Grune, Seyedeh Mahsa Zamani, Sarah Jeuthe, Daniel Messroghli, Rolf Gebker, Heike Meyborg, Ulrich Kintscher, Remigijus Zaliunas, Burkert Pieske, Philipp Stawowy and Sebastian Kelle

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:51

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the anisotropic features of fetal pig cerebral white matter (WM) development by magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging, and to evaluate the developmental statu...

    Authors: Wenxu Qi, Song Gao, Caixia Liu, Gongyu Lan, Xue Yang and Qiyong Guo

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:50

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Chest X-ray (CXR) is a common imaging modality that could impact immediate decision-making for acute chest pathologies. We sought to examine the non-radiologists proficiency of diagnosing acute pathologies man...

    Authors: Ghazaleh Mehdipoor, Fatemeh Salmani and Abbas Arjmand Shabestari

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:49

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) is characterized by cognitive functional decline, especially in memory. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has been widely used in neuroimaging...

    Authors: Moyi Li, Guohua Zheng, Yuhui Zheng, Zhenyu Xiong, Rui Xia, Wenji Zhou, Qin Wang, Shengxiang Liang, Jing Tao and Lidian Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:48

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the accuracy of perforation detection with multiplanar reconstructions using a mobile 3D image intensifier.

    Authors: Jan Theopold, Kevin Weihs, Christine Feja, Bastian Marquaß, Christoph Josten and Pierre Hepp

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:47

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a rare benign bone disorder in which the normal bone is replaced by immature fibro-osseous tissue. However, some case reports have reported that FD showed significantly increased 99mTc-m...

    Authors: Linqi Zhang, Qiao He, Wei Li and Rusen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:46

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Endonasal transsphenoidal microsurgery is often adopted in the resection of pituitary adenoma, and has showed satisfactory treatment and minor injuries. It is important to accurately localize sellar floor and ...

    Authors: Shousen Wang, Yong Qin, Deyong Xiao and Liangfeng Wei

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:45

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  17. Content type: Research article

    This study was aimed to evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT-3DE) measurement of left atrial (LA) volume and function in comparison with two-dimensional ech...

    Authors: Qian Zhang, Ju-fang Wang, Qing-qing Dong, Qing Yan, Xiang-hong Luo, Xue-ying Wu, Jian Liu and Ya-ping Sun

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:44

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Thyroid function in patients with Grave’s disease is usually evaluated by thyroid scintigraphy with radioactive iodine. Recently, dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) with two different energy X-rays can cal...

    Authors: Duong Duc Binh, Takahito Nakajima, Hidenori Otake, Tetsuya Higuchi and Yoshito Tsushima

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:43

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  19. Content type: Research article

    To assess the feasibility of texture analysis (TA) based on spectral attenuated inversion-recovery T2 weighted magnetic resonance imaging (SPAIR T2W-MRI) for the classification of hepatic hemangioma (HH), hepa...

    Authors: Zhenjiang Li, Yu Mao, Wei Huang, Hongsheng Li, Jian Zhu, Wanhu Li and Baosheng Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:42

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Accurate lymph node staging is essential for adequate prognostication and therapy planning in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). FDG-PET/CT is a sensitive tool for the detection of metastases, i...

    Authors: Lennart Werner, Franziska Aebersold Keller, Ujwal Bhure, Justus Egidius Roos, Katharina Tornquist, Maria del Sol Pèrez-Lago, Oliver Gautschi and Klaus Strobel

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:41

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to compare the agreement of the bone scan index (BSI) using EXINI BoneBSI versus experts’ readings in the initial staging for bone metastasis in prostate cancer. In addition, the dia...

    Authors: Lars J. Petersen, Jesper C. Mortensen, Henrik Bertelsen and Helle D. Zacho

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:40

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Congenital cystic lymphangiomas are benign malformations due to a developmental disorder of lymphatic vessels. Besides surgical excision, sclerosant therapy of these lesions by intracavitary injection of OK-43...

    Authors: Carlos Menendez-Castro, Maren Zapke, Fabian Fahlbusch, Heiko von Goessel, Wolfgang Rascher and Jörg Jüngert

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:39

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  23. Content type: Research article

    To assess whether CT-derived texture features predict survival in patients undergoing resection for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC).

    Authors: Armin Eilaghi, Sameer Baig, Yucheng Zhang, Junjie Zhang, Paul Karanicolas, Steven Gallinger, Farzad Khalvati and Masoom A. Haider

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:38

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Perineural cysts are sometimes found incidentally with magnetic resonance imaging, and clinical symptoms requiring treatment are rare. Perineural cysts typically exhibit delayed filling with contrast medium on...

    Authors: Hirokazu Iwamuro, Taro Yanagawa, Sachiko Takamizawa and Makoto Taniguchi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:37

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  25. Content type: Research Article

    Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide. A prominent cause of cardiovascular events is atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammation of the arterial wall that leads to the formation of so ca...

    Authors: Robert Seifert, Aaron Scherzinger, Friedemann Kiefer, Sven Hermann, Xiaoyi Jiang and Michael A. Schäfers

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:36

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Severe haemolysis, elevated liver enzyme levels, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome in pregnancy are possible underlying trigger factors for posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). Magnetic r...

    Authors: Syuichi Tetsuka and Hiroaki Nonaka

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:35

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  27. Content type: Research article

    A well-known diagnostic imaging modality, termed ultrasound tomography, was quickly developed for the detection of very small tumors whose sizes are smaller than the wavelength of the incident pressure wave wi...

    Authors: Tran Quang Huy, Huynh Huu Tue, Ton That Long and Tran Duc-Tan

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:34

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  28. Content type: Research article

    High reproducibility and low intra- and interobserver variability are important strengths of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). In clinical practice a significant learning curve may however be observed. Basic C...

    Authors: Erik Hedström, Masaki Ishida, Alvaro Sepúlveda-Martínez, Daniel Salehi, Johannes Sperling, Henrik Engblom and Eike Nagel

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:33

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Hepatocyte-specific gadolinium based contrast agents (HSCA) provide substantial information for the classification of liver lesions in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, breathing artifacts which reduc...

    Authors: Johannes Budjan, Philipp Riffel, Melissa M. Ong, Stefan O. Schoenberg, Ulrike I. Attenberger and Daniel Hausmann

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:32

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  30. Content type: Research article

    It was the primary purpose of our study to evaluate the inter- and intra-observer reliability of a standardized SPECT/CT algorithm for evaluating patients with painful primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). The...

    Authors: Emilienne Barthassat, Faik Afifi, Praveen Konala, Helmut Rasch and Michael T. Hirschmann

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:31

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the irradiated area and dose correctly is important for the reirradiation of organs that deform after irradiation, such as the liver. We investigated the spatial registration error using the defo...

    Authors: Nobuyoshi Fukumitsu, Kazunori Nitta, Toshiyuki Terunuma, Toshiyuki Okumura, Haruko Numajiri, Yoshiko Oshiro, Kayoko Ohnishi, Masashi Mizumoto, Teruhito Aihara, Hitoshi Ishikawa, Koji Tsuboi and Hideyuki Sakurai

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:30

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  32. Content type: Research Article

    Segmentation of gliomas in multi-parametric (MP-)MR images is challenging due to their heterogeneous nature in terms of size, appearance and location. Manual tumor segmentation is a time-consuming task and cli...

    Authors: Nicolas Sauwen, Marjan Acou, Diana M. Sima, Jelle Veraart, Frederik Maes, Uwe Himmelreich, Eric Achten and Sabine Van Huffel

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:29

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Computed Tomography (CT) contributes up to 50% of the medical exposure to the United States population. Children are considered to be at higher risk of developing radiation-induced tumors due to the young age ...

    Authors: Yiming Gao, Brian Quinn, Usman Mahmood, Daniel Long, Yusuf Erdi, Jean St. Germain, Neeta Pandit-Taskar, X. George Xu, Wesley E. Bolch and Lawrence T. Dauer

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:28

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Phosphatidylserine (PS)-targeting positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with labeled small-molecule tracer is a crucial non-invasive molecule imaging method of apoptosis. In this study, semi-automatic rad...

    Authors: Fuhua Wen, Dahong Nie, Kongzhen Hu, Ganghua Tang, Shaobo Yao and Caihua Tang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:27

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) is a promising reconstruction method which could improve CT image quality with low radiation dose. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the advantage of usin...

    Authors: Jihang Sun, Tong Yu, Jinrong Liu, Xiaomin Duan, Di Hu, Yong liu and Yun Peng

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:24

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Various medical fields rely on detailed anatomical knowledge of the distal radius. Current studies are limited to two-dimensional analysis and biased by varying measurement locations. The aims were to 1) gener...

    Authors: Sebastian F. Baumbach, Jakob Binder, Alexander Synek, Fabian G. Mück, Yan Chevalier, Ekkehard Euler, Georg Langs and Lukas Fischer

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:23

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Focus Cardiac Ultrasound (FoCUS) performed by internal medicine residents on call with 2 h of training can provide a means for ruling out cardiac disease, but with poor sensitivity. The purpose of the present ...

    Authors: Vidar Ruddox, Ingvild Billehaug Norum, Thomas Muri Stokke, Thor Edvardsen and Jan Erik Otterstad

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:22

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Thyroid incidentalomas (TI) are highly prevalent asymptomatic thyroid nodules with ultrasound as the best imaging modality for their detection and characterization. Although they are mostly benign, potential f...

    Authors: Boniface Moifo, Jean Roger Moulion Tapouh, Sylviane Dongmo Fomekong, François Djomou and Emmanuella Manka’a Wankie

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:21

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Assessing the liver function provides valuable information to evaluate surgical risk and plan accordingly. Current studies focus on whole liver function evaluation. However, assessment of segmental liver funct...

    Authors: Zhi-Peng Zhou, Li-Ling Long, Wei-Jia Qiu, Ge Cheng, Li-Juan Huang, Teng-Fei Yang and Zhong-Kui Huang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:20

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Atrioventricular plane displacement (AVPD) is an indicator for systolic and diastolic function and accounts for 60% of the left ventricular, and 80% of the right ventricular stroke volume. AVPD is commonly mea...

    Authors: Felicia Seemann, Ulrika Pahlm, Katarina Steding-Ehrenborg, Ellen Ostenfeld, David Erlinge, Jean-Luc Dubois-Rande, Svend Eggert Jensen, Dan Atar, Håkan Arheden, Marcus Carlsson and Einar Heiberg

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:19

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  41. Content type: Technical advance

    Carbon-fiber-reinforced poly-ether-ether-ketone (CFR-PEEK) has superior radiolucency compared to other orthopedic implant materials, e.g. titanium or stainless steel, thus allowing metal-artifact-free postoper...

    Authors: Joost J. A. de Jong, Arno Lataster, Bert van Rietbergen, Jacobus J. Arts, Piet P. Geusens, Joop P. W. van den Bergh and Paul C. Willems

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:18

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Accessory mental foramen (AMF) is a rare anatomical variation. When accessory mental foramen is present, the nerves and vessels that go through the mental foramen (MF) must follow alternative courses and speci...

    Authors: Ewa Zmysłowska-Polakowska, Mateusz Radwański, Michał Łęski, Sławomir Ledzion, Monika Łukomska-Szymańska and Michał Polguj

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:17

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Magnesium alloys have recently been rediscovered as biodegradable implants in musculoskeletal surgery. This study is an ex-vivo trial to evaluate the imaging characteristics of magnesium implants in different ...

    Authors: Lena Sonnow, Sören Könneker, Peter M. Vogt, Frank Wacker and Christian von Falck

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:16

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  44. Content type: Research Article

    Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a public health problem. Detailed analysis of the para-pharyngeal fat pads can help us to understand the pathogenesis of OSA and may mediate the intervention of this sleeping d...

    Authors: Muhammad Laiq Ur Rahman Shahid, Teodora Chitiboi, Tetyana Ivanovska, Vladimir Molchanov, Henry Völzke and Lars Linsen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:15

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Validating non-contrast-enhanced computed tomography (nCT) compared to ultrasound sonography (US) as screening method for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) screening.

    Authors: Mads Liisberg, Axel C. Diederichsen and Jes S. Lindholt

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:14

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