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  1. Cartilage tissue engineering provides a promising approach to reconstruct craniofacial defects, and a noninvasive method is needed to assess its effectiveness. Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has bee...

    Authors: Guojun Yang, Xue Li, Weiwei Zhang, Nier Wu, Haifeng Chen, Xia Liu and Haiyue Jiang
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:36
  2. The maximum likelihood activity and attenuation (MLAA) reconstruction algorithm has been proposed to jointly estimate tracer activity and attenuation at the same time, and proven to be a promising solution to ...

    Authors: Haiqiong Zhang, Jingnan Wang, Nan Li, Yue Zhang, Jie Cui, Li Huo and Hui Zhang
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:35
  3. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) represents the 6th leading cancer worldwide. In most cases, patients present a locally advanced disease at diagnosis and non-surgical curative treatment is conside...

    Authors: Cristina Ferrari, Giulia Santo, Paolo Mammucci, Dino Rubini, Alessio Sciacqua, Angela Sardaro, Antonio Rosario Pisani and Giuseppe Rubini
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:34
  4. To evaluate the image quality of lower extremity computed tomography angiography (CTA) with deep learning–based reconstruction (DLR) compared to model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR), hybrid-iterative re...

    Authors: Daming Zhang, Chunlin Mu, Xinyue Zhang, Jing Yan, Min Xu, Yun Wang, Yining Wang, Huadan Xue, Yuexin Chen and Zhengyu Jin
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:33
  5. Contouring of anatomical regions is a crucial step in the medical workflow and is both time-consuming and prone to intra- and inter-observer variability. This study compares different strategies for automatic ...

    Authors: Lars Johannes Isaksson, Matteo Pepa, Paul Summers, Mattia Zaffaroni, Maria Giulia Vincini, Giulia Corrao, Giovanni Carlo Mazzola, Marco Rotondi, Giuliana Lo Presti, Sara Raimondi, Sara Gandini, Stefania Volpe, Zaharudin Haron, Sarah Alessi, Paola Pricolo, Francesco Alessandro Mistretta…
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:32
  6. To investigate the value of preoperative positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in differentiating the invasive degree of hypometabolic lung adenocarcinoma.

    Authors: Yuling Su, Hui Zhou, Wenshan Huang, Lei Li and Jinyu Wang
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:31
  7. Noninvasive assessment of high-risk varices (HRV) in idiopathic portal hypertension (IPH) is rare. The purpose of this study was to investigate the performance of spleen stiffness (SS) for evaluating the prese...

    Authors: Huihui Zhou, Zhilin Zhang, Jun Zhang, Lin Sang, Lina Liu, Xue Gong, Yuanyuan Sun, Yu Zheng and Ming Yu
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:30
  8. Differentiating between solitary spinal metastasis (SSM) and solitary primary spinal tumor (SPST) is essential for treatment decisions and prognosis. The aim of this study was to develop and validate an MRI-ba...

    Authors: Sha Li, Xinxin Yu, Rongchao Shi, Baosen Zhu, Ran Zhang, Bing Kang, Fangyuan Liu, Shuai Zhang and Ximing Wang
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:29
  9. The diagnosis of pulmonary hamartoma (PH) based on computed tomography (CT) is a challenge, especially in patients with atypical imaging characteristics. This study was aimed at summarizing the imaging charact...

    Authors: Sheng Ye, Shen Meng, Shuang Bian, Cuicui Zhao, Jin Yang and Wei Lei
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:28
  10. Detection of COVID-19 in cancer patients is challenging due to probable preexisting pulmonary infiltration caused by many infectious and non-infectious etiologies. We evaluated chest CT scan findings of COVID-...

    Authors: Faezeh Khorasanizadeh, Soori Kaviani, Shadi Salamroudi, Monireh Sadat Seyyedsalehi, Masoumeh Gity and Kazem Zendehdel
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:27
  11. To verify whether radiomics techniques based on dual-modality ultrasound consisting of B-mode and superb microvascular imaging (SMI) can improve the accuracy of the differentiation between gallbladder neoplast...

    Authors: Hai-xia Yuan, Changyan Wang, Cong-yu Tang, Qi-qin You, Qi Zhang and Wen-ping Wang
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:26
  12. To study the influence of sex, age and thyroid function indices on dual-energy computed tomography (DECT)-derived quantitative parameters of thyroid in patients with or without Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT).

    Authors: Di Geng, Yan Zhou, Guo-Yi Su, Yan Si, Mei-Ping Shen, Xiao-Quan Xu and Fei-Yun Wu
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:25
  13. To investigate whether the attenuation coefficient (ATT) can be used as a noninvasive index to assess liver involvement in children and adolescents with Wilson’s disease (WD).

    Authors: Jiajia Wang, Jinping Wang, Han Wang, Boqi Li, Yixing Wang, Lanting Sun and Xiaoqian Wu
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:24
  14. The variability in the maxillary sinus anatomy makes dental implant planning challenging. One of the anatomical landmarks that could affect the decision for implant placement around the maxillary sinus is the ...

    Authors: Amani Mirdad, Razan Alaqeely, Sumaiah Ajlan, Mazen A. Aldosimani and Nahid Ashri
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:23
  15. Medical image processing has proven to be effective and feasible for assisting oncologists in diagnosing lung, thyroid, and other cancers, especially at early stage. However, there is no reliable method for th...

    Authors: Rong-Li Xie, Yao Wang, Yan-Na Zhao, Jun Zhang, Guang-Biao Chen, Jian Fei and Zhuang Fu
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:22
  16. Quantifying the smoothness of different layers of the retina can potentially be an important and practical biomarker in various pathologic conditions like diabetic retinopathy. The purpose of this study is to ...

    Authors: Jamshid Saeidian, Tahereh Mahmoudi, Hamid Riazi-Esfahani, Zahra Montazeriani, Alireza Khodabande, Mohammad Zarei, Nazanin Ebrahimiadib, Behzad Jafari, Alireza Afzal Aghaei, Hossein Azimi and Elias Khalili Pour
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:21
  17. Grading of cancer histopathology slides requires more pathologists and expert clinicians as well as it is time consuming to look manually into whole-slide images. Hence, an automated classification of histopat...

    Authors: Mahati Munikoti Srikantamurthy, V. P. Subramanyam Rallabandi, Dawood Babu Dudekula, Sathishkumar Natarajan and Junhyung Park
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:19
  18. Chest radiography is the standard investigation for identifying rib fractures. The application of artificial intelligence (AI) for detecting rib fractures on chest radiographs is limited by image quality contr...

    Authors: Jiangfen Wu, Nijun Liu, Xianjun Li, Qianrui Fan, Zhihao Li, Jin Shang, Fei Wang, Bowei Chen, Yuanwang Shen, Pan Cao, Zhe Liu, Miaoling Li, Jiayao Qian, Jian Yang and Qinli Sun
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:18
  19. Slot-scan digital radiography (SSDR) is equipped with detachable scatter grids and a variable copper filter. In this study, this function was used to obtain parameters for low-dose imaging for whole-spine imag...

    Authors: Shigeji Ichikawa, Hiroe Muto, Masashi Imao, Takashi Nonaka, Kouji Sakekawa and Yasutaka Sato
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:17
  20. Although the central scar is an essential imaging characteristic of renal oncocytoma (RO), its utility in distinguishing RO from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has not been well explored. The study aimed to evalua...

    Authors: Jianyi Qu, Qianqian Zhang, Xinhong Song, Hong Jiang, Heng Ma, Wenhua Li and Xiaofei Wang
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:16
  21. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is commonly used for the diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and occipital clivus (OC) invasion, but a proportion of lesions may be missed using non-enhanced MRI. The p...

    Authors: Fan Yang, Yujie Li, Xiaolu Li, Xiaoduo Yu, Yanfeng Zhao, Lin Li, Lizhi Xie and Meng Lin
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:15
  22. The aim was to compare the diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) indices derived from human hearts between 1.5 T and 3.0 T scanners. Additionally, the reproducibility of DTI indices was assessed between 1.5 T and 3.0...

    Authors: Xiaodan Li, Rui Chen, Xi Xu, Zebin Xiao, Xiaoyu Wei, Yuelong Yang, Zhongping Zhang, Zhigang Wu, Yanjie Zhu and Hui Liu
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:14
  23. The combination of anti-programmed death-1 antibodies and chemotherapy is effective; however, there are no reliable outcome prediction factors. We investigated the prognostic factors based on 18Fluorine-fluorodeo...

    Authors: Tianyu Yang, Shuang Liu, Rui Zuo, Hongwei Liang, Lu Xu, Zhengjie Wang, Xiaoliang Chen and Hua Pang
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:12
  24. The results of halo sign in the differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules were conflicting, and the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in characterization of thyroid nodules with halo has not been fu...

    Authors: Xue-jun Chen, Lin-jin Huang, Feng Mao, Hai-xia Yuan, Xi Wang, Qing Lu and Cai-hong Dong
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:11
  25. The conventional breast Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) was subtly influenced by microcirculation owing to the insufficient selection of the b values. However, the multiparameter derived from multiple b-value...

    Authors: Chu-Xin Lin, Ye Tian, Jia-Min Li, Shu-Ting Liao, Yu-Tao Liu, Run-Gen Zhan, Zhong-Li Du and Xiang-Rong Yu
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:10
  26. Total-body positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scanners are characterized by higher signal collection efficiency and greater spatial resolution compared to conventional scanners, allowing...

    Authors: Anna Calabro’, Yasser G. Abdelhafez, Elizabeth K. A. Triumbari, Benjamin A. Spencer, Moon S. Chen Jr., Domenico Albano, Christopher R. Cassim, Francesco Bertagna, Francesco Dondi, Simon R. Cherry, Ramsey D. Badawi, Fatma Sen and Lorenzo Nardo
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:9
  27. Thyroid hemiagenesis is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by the lack of development of one thyroid lobe. The purpose of this study was to evaluate computed tomography (CT) findings of thyroid hemiagenes...

    Authors: Dae Young Yoon, Eun Soo Kim, Chae Woon Lee, Young Lan Seo, Yul Lee, Mi Jung Kwon and Sang Min Lee
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:8
  28. Myocardial strain is reported to be a sensitive indicator of myocardial mechanical changes in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The changes in the mechanics of the myocardium of normal wall thic...

    Authors: Jinhan Qiao, Peijun Zhao, Jianyao Lu, Lu Huang, Xiaoling Ma, Xiaoyue Zhou and Liming Xia
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:7
  29. In medical imaging, a computed tomography (CT) scanner is a major source of ionizing radiation. All medical radiation exposures should be justified and optimized to meet the clinical diagnosis. Thus, to avoid ...

    Authors: Marema Jebessa Kumsa, Teklehaimanot Mezgebe Nguse, Haleluya Biredaw Ambessa, Tesfaye Tefera Gele, Wondemu Geteye Fantaye and Seife Teferi Dellie
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:6
  30. To evaluate whether deep learning reconstruction (DLR) accelerates the acquisition of 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) knee data without image deterioration.

    Authors: Hiroyuki Akai, Koichiro Yasaka, Haruto Sugawara, Taku Tajima, Masaru Kamitani, Toshihiro Furuta, Masaaki Akahane, Naoki Yoshioka, Kuni Ohtomo, Osamu Abe and Shigeru Kiryu
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:5
  31. To establish and verify a radiomics nomogram for differentiating isolated micronodular adrenal hyperplasia (iMAD) from lipid-poor adenoma (LPA) based on computed tomography (CT)-extracted radiomic features.

    Authors: Hongtao Yuan, Bing Kang, Kui Sun, Songnan Qin, Congshan Ji and Ximing Wang
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:4
  32. Intraductal papillary carcinoma (IDPC) is a rare but fatal disease. Preoperative ultrasound diagnosis of IDPC remains challenging and meaningful. The aim of the study was to determine an effective ultrasound m...

    Authors: Luying Gao, Xingjian Lai, Jing Zhang, Yuxin Jiang and Jianchu Li
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:3
  33. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of Digital Breast Tomosynthesis guided vacuum-assisted biopsy (DBT-VAB) for microcalcifications in the breast.

    Authors: Mirai Ido, Masayuki Saito, Hirona Banno, Yukie Ito, Manami Goto, Takahito Ando, Junko Kousaka, Yukako Mouri, Kimihito Fujii, Tsuneo Imai, Shogo Nakano, Kojiro Suzuki and Kenta Murotani
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:2
  34. MRI is the best imaging tool for the evaluation of uterine tumors, but conventional MRI diagnosis results rely on radiologists and contrast agents (if needed). As a new objective, reproducible and contrast-age...

    Authors: Liuhong Zhu, Weihong Lu, Funan Wang, Yanwei Wang, Pu-Yeh Wu, Jianjun Zhou and Hao Liu
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2023 23:1
  35. This study mainly analysed the imaging data for seven cases of adult pancreatoblastoma (PB) and summarized additional imaging features of this disease based on a literature review, aiming to improve the unders...

    Authors: Mengnan Wu, Jiongbin Lin, Zhuangsheng Liu, Zhiming Huang and Ruoning Wang
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2022 22:228
  36. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a demyelinating disease of the central nerve system caused by the John Cunningham virus. On MRI, PML may sometimes appear similar to primary central nervous ...

    Authors: Hirofumi Koike, Minoru Morikawa, Hideki Ishimaru, Reiko Ideguchi, Masataka Uetani, Takeshi Hiu, Takayuki Matsuo and Mitsuharu Miyoshi
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2022 22:227
  37. Medical image analysis has evolved to facilitate the development of methods for high-throughput extraction of quantitative features that can potentially contribute to the diagnostic and treatment paradigm of c...

    Authors: Peter McAnena, Brian M. Moloney, Robert Browne, Niamh O’Halloran, Leon Walsh, Sinead Walsh, Declan Sheppard, Karl J. Sweeney, Michael J. Kerin and Aoife J. Lowery
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2022 22:225
  38. Supervised deep learning in radiology suffers from notorious inherent limitations: 1) It requires large, hand-annotated data sets; (2) It is non-generalizable; and (3) It lacks explainability and intuition. It...

    Authors: J. N. Stember and H. Shalu
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2022 22:224
  39. To compare the diagnostic performance of double contrast-enhanced ultrasound (DCEUS) and multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT) in the gross classification of gastric cancer (GC) preoperatively.

    Authors: Ping He, Lan Zeng, Liying Miao, Tianli Wang, Juxiang Ye, Lingmei Meng, Heng Xue, Fan Zhang, Bo Zhao and Huiyu Ge
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2022 22:223
  40. Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common type of epilepsy associated with changes in the cerebral cortex throughout the brain. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is widely used for detecting such anomalie...

    Authors: Iman Sarbisheh, Leili Tapak, Alireza Fallahi, Javad Fardmal, Majid Sadeghifar, MohammadReza Nazemzadeh and Jafar Mehvari Habibabadi
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2022 22:222
  41. It is difficult to predict normal-sized lymph node metastasis (LNM) in cervical cancer clinically. We aimed to investigate the feasibility of using deep learning (DL) nomogram based on readout segmentation of ...

    Authors: Weiliang Qian, Zhisen Li, Weidao Chen, Hongkun Yin, Jibin Zhang, Jianming Xu and Chunhong Hu
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2022 22:221
  42. Knowing the lowest acceptable radiation dose of multiphase hepatic CT may allow us to reduce the radiation dose for detecting HCC.

    Authors: Eun Sun Choi, Jin Sil Kim, Jeong Kyong Lee, Hye Ah Lee and Seongyong Pak
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2022 22:219
  43. To compare a deep learning model with a radiomics model in differentiating high-grade (LR-3, LR-4, LR-5) liver imaging reporting and data system (LI-RADS) liver tumors from low-grade (LR-1, LR-2) LI-RADS tumor...

    Authors: Lixin Du, Jianpeng Yuan, Meng Gan, Zhigang Li, Pan Wang, Zujun Hou and Cong Wang
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2022 22:218
  44. In this study, the role and efficiency of computerized tomography angiography (CTA) in the postoperative management of patients with penile revascularization were evaluated.

    Authors: Fatih Akdemίr, Önder Kayıgίl, Oktay Algın and Ali İpek
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2022 22:217
  45. Visual evaluation of phantom images is an important, but time-consuming part of mammography quality control (QC). Consistent scoring of phantom images over the device’s lifetime is highly desirable. Recently, ...

    Authors: Veli-Matti Sundell, Teemu Mäkelä, Anne-Mari Vitikainen and Touko Kaasalainen
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2022 22:216
  46. Uterine fibroid embolisation (UFE) is an established treatment method for symptomatic uterine myomas. This study evaluates the efficacy of UFE using objective magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data for size and...

    Authors: Maliha Sadick, Leonie Hofmann, Christel Weiß, Benjamin Tuschy, Stefan O. Schönberg and Frank G. Zöllner
    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2022 22:214

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