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Thoracic imaging

This section aims to publish articles related to the development, evaluation, and use of imaging techniques and image processing tools to image the organs and tissues of the thoracic cavity. 

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  1. The aim of this was to analyze 4 chest CT imaging features of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Shenzhen, China so as to improve the diagnosis of COVID-19.

    Authors: Jun Jin, De-hong Gao, Xin Mo, Si-ping Tan, Zhen-xia Kou, Yi-bo Chen, Jin-bo Cao, Wen-jing Chen, Ya-ming Zhang, Bing-qing Li, Kuan-long Huang, Bing-ren Xu, Xiao-li Tang and Yu-li Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:84

    Content type: Research article

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  2. There is an increased interest in quantifying and characterizing epicardial fat which has been linked to various cardiovascular diseases such as coronary artery disease and atrial fibrillation. Recently, three...

    Authors: Markus Henningsson, Martin Brundin, Tobias Scheffel, Carl Edin, Federica Viola and Carl-Johan Carlhäll

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:80

    Content type: Technical advance

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  3. Left ventricle rotation and torsion are fundamental components of myocardial function, and several software packages have been developed for analysis of these components. The purpose of this study was to compa...

    Authors: Lauri Lehmonen, Mikko Jalanko, Mika Tarkiainen, Touko Kaasalainen, Johanna Kuusisto, Kirsi Lauerma and Sauli Savolainen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:73

    Content type: Research article

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  4. We aimed to describe the chest CT findings in sixty-seven patients infected by Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).

    Authors: Xiaoyang Wang, Chenbin Liu, Liang Hong, Cuiyun Yuan, Jiguang Ding, Qing Jia, Gangqiang Sun, Wenxian Peng and Qingfeng Sun

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:70

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Many clinical guidelines recommend FDG PET/CT for the evaluation of pulmonary nodules ≥8 mm detected during low dose computed tomography (LDCT) lung cancer screening. However, its added value in this setting r...

    Authors: Sarah Hadique, Pranav Jain, Yousaf Hadi, Aneeqah Baig and John E. Parker

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:69

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is increasingly requested in the therapy of peripheral arterial occlusive disease. The evaluation of the technical result after balloon angioplasty with regard to ba...

    Authors: Anne Marie Augustin, Irina Thein, Nicole Rickert, Thorsten Klink, Thorsten Alexander Bley and Ralph Kickuth

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Coronary heart disease is one of the diseases with the highest mortality rate. Due to the important position of cardiovascular disease prevention and diagnosis in the medical field, the segmentation of cardiov...

    Authors: Dongxue Liang, Jing Qiu, Lu Wang, Xiaolei Yin, Junhui Xing, Zhiyun Yang, Jiangzeng Dong and Zhaoyuan Ma

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:65

    Content type: Technical Advance

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  8. In December 2019, an outbreak of a novel coronavirus pneumonia, now called COVID-19, occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. COVID-19, which is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (...

    Authors: Cheng-Juan Long, Ping Fang, Tie-Jun Song, Jing-Chao Zhang and Qing Yang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:64

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly infectious disease caused by the new coronavirus. Previous studies have shown that the chest CT examination plays an important role in the diagnosis and monitori...

    Authors: Jiawei Li, Xiao Wang, Xiaolu Huang, Fangxing Chen, Xuesong Zhang, Ying Liu, Guangzuo Luo and Xunhua Xu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:56

    Content type: Research article

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  10. To increase the image quality of end-expiratory and end-inspiratory phases of retrospective respiratory self-gated 4D MRI data sets using non-rigid image registration for improved target delineation of moving ...

    Authors: Stefan Weick, Kathrin Breuer, Anne Richter, Florian Exner, Serge-Peer Ströhle, Paul Lutyj, Jörg Tamihardja, Simon Veldhoen, Michael Flentje and Bülent Polat

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:41

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To evaluate the clinical value of foetal intelligent navigation echocardiography (5D Heart) for the display of key diagnostic elements in basic sections.

    Authors: Wan-Yu Hu, Jin-Hong Zhou, Xiao-Ying Tao, Shi-Yan Li, Bei Wang and Bo-Wen Zhao

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:33

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Automatic analyses of echocardiograms may support inexperienced users in quantifying left ventricular (LV) function. We have developed an algorithm for fully automatic measurements of mitral annular plane syst...

    Authors: Jahn Frederik Grue, Sigurd Storve, Håvard Dalen, Ole Christian Mjølstad, Stein O. Samstad, Torfinn Eriksen-Volnes, Hans Torp and Bjørn Olav Haugen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:29

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Pulmonary hypertension is definitively diagnosed by the measurement of mean pulmonary artery (PA) pressure (mPAP) using right heart catheterization. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) four-dimensional (4D...

    Authors: Joao G. Ramos, Alexander Fyrdahl, Björn Wieslander, Gert Reiter, Ursula Reiter, Ning Jin, Eva Maret, Maria Eriksson, Kenneth Caidahl, Peder Sörensson, Andreas Sigfridsson and Martin Ugander

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:28

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Intravascular imaging plays an important part in diagnosis of vascular conditions and providing insight for treatment strategy. Two main imaging modalities are intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coher...

    Authors: Edward Pavillard and Luke Sewall

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:18

    Content type: Research article

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  15. We aimed to develop radiomic models based on different phases of computed tomography (CT) imaging and to investigate the efficacy of models for diagnosing mediastinal metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) in non-small ...

    Authors: Xue Sha, Guanzhong Gong, Qingtao Qiu, Jinghao Duan, Dengwang Li and Yong Yin

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:12

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The accuracy of 2D and 3D strain analyses was evaluated by comparing strain and cardiac function parameters in Fontan repair patients and normal child volunteers.

    Authors: Liwei Hu, Qian Wang, Barton P. Gregory, Rong Zhen Ouyang, Aimin Sun, Chen Guo, Tongtong Han and Yumin Zhong

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2020 20:8

    Content type: Research article

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  17. IVUS is widely used to quantitatively assess coronary artery disease. The purpose of this study was to automatically characterize dense calcium (DC) tissue in the gray scale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) ima...

    Authors: Juhwan Lee, Yoo Na Hwang, Ga Young Kim, Ji Yean Kwon and Sung Min Kim

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:103

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) alters left ventricular (LV) hemodynamics, resulting in decreased global LV ejection fraction and global LV kinetic energy. We hypothesize that anterior AMI effects localized ...

    Authors: Philip A. Corrado, Jacob A. Macdonald, Christopher J. François, Niti R. Aggarwal, Jonathan W. Weinsaft and Oliver Wieben

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:101

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Lung cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Radiotherapy for lung cancer is beneficial in both the radical and palliative settings, and technologic advances in recent years now afford ...

    Authors: Xiaohui Cao, Ming Liu, Fushan Zhai, Nan Li, Feng Li, Chaoen Bao, Yinliang Liu and Gang Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:100

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Aortic dissection is a life-threatening syndrome that sometimes requires emergency intervention, and endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a treatment option. Long-term image follow-up is also required...

    Authors: Yu-Li Lee, Yao-Kuang Huang, Li-Sheng Hsu, Pang-Yen Chen and Chien-Wei Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:82

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) is the gold standard for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE). However, contrast is contraindicated in some patients. The purpose of this study was to deter...

    Authors: Chiao-Hsuan Chien, Fu-Chieh Shih, Chin-Yu Chen, Chia-Hui Chen, Wan-Ling Wu and Chee-Wai Mak

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:65

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To investigate the value of predictive nomogram in optimizing computed tomography (CT)-based differential diagnosis of primary progressive pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) from community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in...

    Authors: Bei Wang, Min Li, He Ma, Fangfang Han, Yan Wang, Shunying Zhao, Zhimin Liu, Tong Yu, Jie Tian, Di Dong and Yun Peng

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:63

    Content type: Research article

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  23. T1 mapping sequences such as MOLLI, ShMOLLI and SASHA make use of different technical approaches, bearing strengths and weaknesses. It is well known that obtained T1 relaxation times differ between the sequenc...

    Authors: Julius F. Heidenreich, Andreas M. Weng, Julian Donhauser, Andreas Greiser, Kelvin Chow, Peter Nordbeck, Thorsten A. Bley and Herbert Köstler

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:59

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The reliable quantification of myocardial blood flow (MBF) with MRI, necessitates the correction of errors in arterial input function (AIF) caused by the T1 saturation effect. The aim of this study was to compare...

    Authors: Minna Husso, Mikko J. Nissi, Antti Kuivanen, Paavo Halonen, Miikka Tarkia, Jarmo Teuho, Virva Saunavaara, Pauli Vainio, Petri Sipola, Hannu Manninen, Seppo Ylä-Herttuala, Juhani Knuuti and Juha Töyräs

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:58

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In this study we sought to retrospectively evaluate whether a very brief cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) protocol sufficiently distinguishes patients with relevant myocardial changes with need for fur...

    Authors: Jonathan Nadjiri, Anna-Lena Zaschka, Alexandra S. Straeter, Andreas Sauter, Maximilian Englmaier, Florian Weis, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Ernst J. Rummeny, Daniela Pfeiffer and Michael Rasper

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:57

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Pulmonary involvement is common in several infectious and non-infectious diagnostic settings. Imaging findings consistently overlap and are therefore difficult to differentiate by chest-CT. The aim of this stu...

    Authors: Christopher Kloth, Wolfgang Maximilian Thaiss, Robert Beck, Michael Haap, Jan Fritz, Meinrad Beer and Marius Horger

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:39

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Left ventricular mass (LVM) is an independent risk factor for the prediction of cardiac events. Its assessment is a clinically important diagnostic procedure in cardiology and may be performed by Computed Tomo...

    Authors: Alexandra G. Gheorghe, Andreas Fuchs, Christina Jacobsen, Klaus F. Kofoed, Rasmus Møgelvang, Niels Lynnerup and Jytte Banner

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:29

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Although previous studies have examined the impact of slice position in volumetric measurements in Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) imaging, very limited data are available today comparing T1 and Extra-...

    Authors: Christos G. Xanthis, David Nordlund, Robert Jablonowski and Håkan Arheden

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:18

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Fetal deformity is a disease caused by abnormal chromosome structure, which may be influenced by genetic factors as well as the maternal and external environment. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be used t...

    Authors: Lishun Wang, Hongyan Nie, Qichen Wang, Guoliang Zhang, Gang Li, Liwei Bai, Tianshu Hua and Shuzhang Wei

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:12

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) provide secure intravenous access for the delivery of life-sustaining medications and nutrition. They are commonly used in pediatrics. Confirmation of correct ce...

    Authors: Rebecca A. Hammon, Hannes Seuss, Matthias Hammon, Christian Grillhösl, Rafael Heiss, Martin Zeilinger, Nadine Bayerl, Pieter Vuylsteke, Friedrich Wanninger, Michael Schroth, Michael Uder and Oliver Rompel

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:3

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Recent autopsy studies found microvascular rarefaction in remodeled myocardium of patients who died of heart failure with preserved ejection-fraction (HFpEF). This condition has not been investigated so far by...

    Authors: Pier Giorgio Masci, Anna Giulia Pavon, Gregoire Berchier and Juerg Schwitter

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:1

    Content type: Research article

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  32. To explore the value of parameters of multiphase dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MDCE-MRI) in the qualitative diagnosis of hepatic masses.

    Authors: Jingjing Chen, Youjiao Si, Kaikai Zhao, Xianglong Shi, Weiqun Bi, Shi-en Liu and Hui Hua

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:56

    Content type: Research article

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  33. While primarily a right heart disease, pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) can impact left heart function and aortic flow through a shifted interventricular septum from right ventricular pressure overload an...

    Authors: Jacob A. Macdonald, Christopher J. Franҫois, Omid Forouzan, Naomi C. Chesler and Oliver Wieben

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:55

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Accurately detecting and examining lung nodules early is key in diagnosing lung cancers and thus one of the best ways to prevent lung cancer deaths. Radiologists spend countless hours detecting small spherical...

    Authors: Hwejin Jung, Bumsoo Kim, Inyeop Lee, Junhyun Lee and Jaewoo Kang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:48

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Spontaneous T2DM in rhesus monkeys manifests as isolated diastolic dysfunction in the early stage of diabetic cardiomyopathy, similar to humans. Myocardial deformation measurements have emerged as a superior w...

    Authors: Tong Zhu, Wen Zeng, Yushu Chen, Yu Zhang, Jiayu Sun, Zhigang Liang, Zunyuan Yang, Wei Cheng, Lei Wang, Bin Song, Bing Wu, Fangtong Wang, Yinan Liang, Li Gong, Jie Zheng and Fabao Gao

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:47

    Content type: Research article

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  36. This study aimed to determine the prognostic value of positron emission tomography (PET) metabolic parameters—namely metabolic tumor volume (MTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG), and total lesion retention (TLR...

    Authors: Soma Kumasaka, Takahito Nakajima, Yukiko Arisaka, Azusa Tokue, Arifudin Achmad, Yasuhiro Fukushima, Kimihiro Shimizu, Kyoichi Kaira, Tetsuya Higuchi and Yoshito Tsushima

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:46

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Lung agenesis is a rare congenital anomaly. The main etiology of the disease is unknown whereas genetic, iatrogenic and viral factors as well as vitamin A deficiency during early pregnancy may result in develo...

    Authors: Jamshid Sadiqi and Hidayatullah Hamidi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:37

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Dual-phase 3-dimensional whole-heart acquisition allows simultaneous imaging during systole and diastole. Respiratory navigator gating and tracking of the diaphragm is used with limited accuracy. Prolonged sca...

    Authors: Danielle M. Moyé, Tarique Hussain, Rene M. Botnar, Animesh Tandon, Gerald F. Greil, Adrian K. Dyer and Markus Henningsson

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:36

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Left atrial (LA) enlargement has been identified as a predictor of worse clinical outcome after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). We investigated the correspondence of LA size parameters assessed...

    Authors: Zdenka Fingrova, Josef Marek, Stepan Havranek, Lukas Lambert, Petr Kuchynka and Ales Linhart

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:32

    Content type: Research article

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