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This section aims to publish articles related to the development, evaluation, and use of imaging techniques and image processing tools to image the nervous system. 

  1. Content type: Research article

    Flat detector CT – angiography (FDCTA) has become a valuable imaging tool in post- and peri-interventional imaging after neurovascular procedures. Metal artifacts produced by radiopaque implants like clips or ...

    Authors: Nadine Amelung, Volker Maus, Daniel Behme, Ismini E. Papageorgiou, Johanna Rosemarie Leyhe, Michael Knauth and Marios Nikos Psychogios

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:66

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Accurate segmentation of brain tumors is vital for the gross tumor volume (GTV) definition in radiotherapy. Functional MR images like apparent diffusion constant (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) images can...

    Authors: Ranran Sun, Keqiang Wang, Lu Guo, Chengwen Yang, Jie Chen, Yalin Ti and Yu Sa

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:48

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare clinic-radiological entity characterized by headache, an altered mental status, visual disturbances, and seizures. Reversible splenial lesion syndr...

    Authors: Qing Yang, Can-can Chang, Mengxiao Liu and Yong-qiang Yu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:35

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Initial reports of 23Na magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) date back to the 1970s. However, methodological challenges of the technique hampered its widespread adoption for many years. Recent technical developments ...

    Authors: Melissa M. Meyer, Stefan Haneder, Simon Konstandin, Johannes Budjan, John N. Morelli, Lothar R. Schad, Hans U. Kerl, Stefan O. Schoenberg and Christoph Kabbasch

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:26

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  5. Content type: Case report

    The imaging findings of hypoglycemic encephalopathy can be considerably similar to those of ischemic infarction or toxic leukoencephalopathy. We demonstrated unusual magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features of...

    Authors: Kai-I Chuang, Kevin Li-Chun Hsieh and Cheng-Yu Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:11

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this retrospective review is to determine the MR imaging features of pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) in the spinal cord to help neuroradiologists preoperatively differentiate PA from other intramedul...

    Authors: De-jun She, Yi-ping Lu, Ji Xiong, Dao-ying Geng and Bo Yin

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:5

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  7. Content type: Research article

    To compare the Self-referenced and Referenced measurement methods in assessing basilar artery (BA) atherosclerotic plaque employing dark blood high-resolution MRI at 3 Tesla.

    Authors: Luguang Chen, Qian Zhan, Wenjia Peng, Tao Song, Qi Liu and Jianping Lu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:49

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Micro-CT holds promising potential for phenotyping and histological purposes. However, few have clarified the difference in the neuroimaging quality between ex vivo and in vivo micro-CT scanners. In addition, ...

    Authors: Ko-Chin Chen, Alon Arad, Zan-Ming Song and David Croaker

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:38

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    As a common clinical symptom that often bothers midlife females, migraine is closely associated with perimenopause. Previous studies suggest that one of the most prominent triggers is the sudden decline of est...

    Authors: Bo Hu, Xu Wang, Jie-bing He, Yu-jie Dai, Jin Zhang, Ying Yu, Qian Sun, Lin-FengYan, Yu-Chuan Hu, Hai-Yan Nan, Yang Yang, Alan D. Kaye, Guang-Bin Cui and Wen Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:26

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  10. Content type: Research article

    In a prospective cohort of patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA), we investigated usefulness and feasibility of arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion and susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) alone an...

    Authors: Inger Havsteen, Lasse Willer, Christian Ovesen, Janus Damm Nybing, Karen Ægidius, Jacob Marstrand, Per Meden, Sverre Rosenbaum, Marie Norsker Folke, Hanne Christensen and Anders Christensen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:24

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Quality assessment of medical images is highly related to the quality assurance, image interpretation and decision making. As to magnetic resonance (MR) images, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is routinely used as...

    Authors: Shaode Yu, Guangzhe Dai, Zhaoyang Wang, Leida Li, Xinhua Wei and Yaoqin Xie

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:17

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Accurate segmentation of brain tissues from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is of significant importance in clinical applications and neuroscience research. Accurate segmentation is challenging due to the tis...

    Authors: Youyong Kong, Xiaopeng Chen, Jiasong Wu, Pinzheng Zhang, Yang Chen and Huazhong Shu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:9

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the anisotropic features of fetal pig cerebral white matter (WM) development by magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging, and to evaluate the developmental statu...

    Authors: Wenxu Qi, Song Gao, Caixia Liu, Gongyu Lan, Xue Yang and Qiyong Guo

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:50

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Perineural cysts are sometimes found incidentally with magnetic resonance imaging, and clinical symptoms requiring treatment are rare. Perineural cysts typically exhibit delayed filling with contrast medium on...

    Authors: Hirokazu Iwamuro, Taro Yanagawa, Sachiko Takamizawa and Makoto Taniguchi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:37

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Severe haemolysis, elevated liver enzyme levels, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome in pregnancy are possible underlying trigger factors for posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). Magnetic r...

    Authors: Syuichi Tetsuka and Hiroaki Nonaka

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:35

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Standard therapy for Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) involves maximal safe tumor resection followed with radiotherapy and concurrent adjuvant temozolomide. About 20 to 30% patients undergoing their first post-ra...

    Authors: Zhi-Cheng Liu, Lin-Feng Yan, Yu-Chuan Hu, Ying-Zhi Sun, Qiang Tian, Hai-Yan Nan, Ying Yu, Qian Sun, Wen Wang and Guang-Bin Cui

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:10

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Spinal cord atrophy occurs early in multiple sclerosis (MS) and impacts disability. The therapeutic effect of interferon beta-1a (IFNβ-1a) on spinal cord atrophy in patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) MS ha...

    Authors: Sheena L. Dupuy, Fariha Khalid, Brian C. Healy, Sonya Bakshi, Mohit Neema, Shahamat Tauhid and Rohit Bakshi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:56

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a risk factor for dementia. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI), an intermediary state between normal cognition and dementia, often occurs during the prodromal diabetic stage, ma...

    Authors: Ying Yu, Qian Sun, Lin-Feng Yan, Yu-Chuan Hu, Hai-Yan Nan, Yang Yang, Zhi-Cheng Liu, Wen Wang and Guang-Bin Cui

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:50

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  19. Content type: Research article

    To extract DTI parameters from a specific structure, a region of interest (ROI) must be defined. ROI selection in small structures is challenging; the final measurement results could be affected due to the sig...

    Authors: Ylva Lilja, Oscar Gustafsson, Maria Ljungberg, Daniel Nilsson and Göran Starck

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:42

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Post mortem imaging is playing an increasingly important role in perinatal autopsy, and correct interpretation of imaging changes is paramount. This is particularly important following intra-uterine fetal deat...

    Authors: P. Montaldo, S. Addison, V. Oliveira, P. J. Lally, A. M. Taylor, N. J. Sebire, S. Thayyil and O. J. Arthurs

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:34

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Age-related brain atrophy has been represented by simple 1-dimensional (1-D) measurements on computed tomography (CT) for several decades and, more recently, with 3-dimensional (3-D) analysis, using brain volu...

    Authors: C. Michael Dunham, Albert J. Cook II, Alaina M. Paparodis and Gregory S. Huang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:32

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  22. Content type: Technical advance

    Mobile 3D fluoroscopes have become increasingly available in neurosurgical operating rooms. In this series, the image quality and value of intraoperative 3D fluoroscopy with intravenous contrast agent for the ...

    Authors: Thomas Westermaier, Thomas Linsenmann, György A. Homola, Mario Loehr, Christian Stetter, Nadine Willner, Ralf-Ingo Ernestus, Laszlo Solymosi and Giles H. Vince

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:30

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  23. Content type: Technical advance

    Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) abnormalities in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are currently measured by a complex combination of separate procedures. Therefore, t...

    Authors: Alfredo Revenaz, Massimiliano Ruggeri, Marcella Laganà, Niels Bergsland, Elisabetta Groppo, Marco Rovaris and Enrico Fainardi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:4

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