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Head and neck imaging

Section edited by Xiaobo Qu

This section aims to publish articles related to the development, evaluation, and use of imaging techniques and image processing tools to diagnose and manage diseases of the head and neck.

  1. Content type: Research article

    The automatic glioma segmentation is of great significance for clinical practice. This study aims to propose an automatic method based on superpixel for glioma segmentation from the T2 weighted Magnetic Resona...

    Authors: Yaping Wu, Zhe Zhao, Weiguo Wu, Yusong Lin and Meiyun Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:73

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to compare non-contrast-enhanced 3D phase contrast magnetic resonance angiography (3D PC-MRA) and conventional intravenous administration of contrast media, i.e., contrast-enhanced MR...

    Authors: Ming-Chen Wu, Ming-Yi Hsu, Ren-Fu Shie, Ming-Huei Cheng, Fang-I Chu, Chien-Yuan Lin, Yui-Ping Fan and Sung-Yu Chu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:68

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Central skull-base osteomyelitis (CSBO) represents a life-threatening complication of external ear canal infection. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) play key roles in assessment of...

    Authors: J. Mejzlik, M. Cerny, L. Zeinerova, J. Dedkova, J. Kopriva, K. Zadrobilek, J. Adamkov, V. Chrobok and V. Pellantova

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:60

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Nasopharyngoscopy is a common method to evaluate velopharyngeal closure in patients with cleft palate. However, insertion of a fiberoptic nasopharyngoscope causes discomfort in patients. The aim of this study ...

    Authors: Yoshikazu Kobayashi, Daisuke Kanamori, Naoko Fujii, Yumi Kataoka, Emiko Hirai, Satoshi Yoshioka, Koji Satoh, Hiroshi Toyama, Kensei Naito and Koichiro Matsuo

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:54

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The invasive method for intracranial pressure measurement is ‘gold standard’ but not always feasible because the intraventricular catheter/ intraparenchymal micro transducer used in the measurement of intracra...

    Authors: Jing Zhou, Jing Li, Tiantian Ye and Yanrong Zeng

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:53

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The following study investigates the involvement of optic neuropathy in IgG4-related ophthalmic diseases (IgG4-ROD) based on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data, and different imaging features of IgG4-RO...

    Authors: Jing Li, Yan Zhang, Hang Zhou, Lei Wang, Zhenchang Wang and Hongyang Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:49

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The aim was to examine correlations between radiological signs of chronic periodontitis, Mandibular Inferior Cortex (MIC) index and osteoporotic fracture probability based on the FRAX BMI tool.

    Authors: Paweł Kalinowski, Ingrid Różyło-Kalinowska, Magdalena Piskórz and Urszula Bojakowska-Komsta

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:41

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  8. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to assess the effect of exposure parameters such as milliampere (mA) and field of view (FOV) of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) on a metal artifact of dental implants placed in different ...

    Authors: Abbas Shokri, Mohammad Reza Jamalpour, Atefeh Khavid, Zeinab Mohseni and Masoud Sadeghi

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:34

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  9. Content type: Technical advance

    Facial paralysis (FP) is a neuromotor dysfunction that losses voluntary muscles movement in one side of the human face. As the face is the basic means of social interactions and emotional expressions among hum...

    Authors: Jocelyn Barbosa, Woo-Keun Seo and Jaewoo Kang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:30

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The malignancy risks of various echogenic foci in thyroid nodules are not consistent. The association between malignancy and echogenic foci and various Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TIRADS) in thy...

    Authors: Su Min Ha, Yun Jae Chung, Hye Shin Ahn, Jung Hwan Baek and Sung Bin Park

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:28

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  11. Content type: Technical advance

    One of the major limitations of MRI is its slow acquisition speed. To accelerate data acquisition, partially parallel imaging (PPI) methods have been widely used in clinical applications such as sensitivity en...

    Authors: Jucheng Zhang, Yonghua Chu, Wenhong Ding, Liyi Kang, Ling Xia, Sanjay Jaiswal, Zhikang Wang and Zhifeng Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:27

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Reports of head and neck ultrasound examinations are frequently written by hand as free texts. Naturally, quality and structure of free text reports is variable, depending on the examiner’s individual level of...

    Authors: Benjamin P. Ernst, Mohamed Hodeib, Sebastian Strieth, Julian Künzel, Fabian Bischof, Berit Hackenberg, Tilmann Huppertz, Veronika Weber, Katharina Bahr, Jonas Eckrich, Jan Hagemann, Matthias Engelbarts, Matthias F. Froelich, Philipp Solbach, Richard Linke, Christoph Matthias…

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:25

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) is helpful for depicting hemorrhage, calcification, and increased vascularity in some neoplasms, which may reflect tumor grade. In this study, we aimed to apply SWI in pat...

    Authors: Xing Yang, Jinyu Zhu, Yongming Dai, Zhen Tian, Gongxin Yang, Huimin Shi, Yingwei Wu and Xiaofeng Tao

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:24

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Even though progressive rhinosinusitis with osteitis is a major clinical problem in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), there are no studies on how GPA-related osteitis develops over time, and no quantitat...

    Authors: Sigrun Skaar Holme, Jon Magnus Moen, Karin Kilian, Hilde Haukeland, Øyvind Molberg and Heidi B. Eggesbø

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:13

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In this study, we explored how various preprocessing approaches can be employed to enhance the capability of dental CBCT to accurately estimate trabecular bone microarchitectural parameters.

    Authors: Rong-Ting He, Ming-Gene Tu, Heng-Li Huang, Ming-Tzu Tsai, Jay Wu and Jui-Ting Hsu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:10

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) has a good diagnostic value for malignant thyroid nodules, but the published protocols suffer from flaws and focus on the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). This study inves...

    Authors: Hao Wang, Ran Wei, Weiyan Liu, Yongqi Chen and Bin Song

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:50

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Attenuation correction is one of the most crucial correction factors for accurate PET data quantitation in hybrid PET/MR scanners, and computing accurate attenuation coefficient maps from MR brain acquisitions...

    Authors: Jakub Baran, Zhaolin Chen, Francesco Sforazzini, Nicholas Ferris, Sharna Jamadar, Ben Schmitt, David Faul, Nadim Jon Shah, Marian Cholewa and Gary F. Egan

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:41

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  18. Content type: Research article

    To develop a deep neural network able to differentiate glaucoma from non-glaucoma visual fields based on visual filed (VF) test results, we collected VF tests from 3 different ophthalmic centers in mainland Ch...

    Authors: Fei Li, Zhe Wang, Guoxiang Qu, Diping Song, Ye Yuan, Yang Xu, Kai Gao, Guangwei Luo, Zegu Xiao, Dennis S. C. Lam, Hua Zhong, Yu Qiao and Xiulan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:35

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Imaging 2019 19:40

  19. Content type: Research article

    Neonate patients with metabolic disorder show encephalopathy and seizures that may lead to morbidity and mortality. Thus rapid detection and treatment of these patients is necessary. Although Amplitude-integra...

    Authors: Maliheh Kadivar, Ziba Mosayebi, Reza Shervin Badoo, Raziyeh Sangesari, Saeed Jedari Attari, Maryam Saeedi and Elahe Movahedi Moghadam

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:33

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The potential of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value alteration before and after chemoradiotherapy as a potential monitor for therapeutic efficiency of treatment for brain metastases from lung cancer we...

    Authors: Kai Liu, Zenglin Ma and Lili Feng

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:30

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Renal transplantation can significantly improve the quality of life of patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) who would otherwise require dialysis. Renal transplant (RT) recipients have higher risks of c...

    Authors: Zhaojun Li, Yan Qin, Lianfang Du and Xianghong Luo

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:23

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Diffeomorphic demons can not only guarantee smooth and reversible deformation, but also avoid unreasonable deformation. However, the number of iterations which has great influence on the registration result ne...

    Authors: Chang Wang, Qiongqiong Ren, Xin Qin and Yi Yu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:21

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Malignant plasma cell proliferation may present as a disseminated disease (multiple myeloma), a solitary plasmacytoma of bone, or an extramedullary plasmacytoma of soft tissue. The latter plasmacytomas represe...

    Authors: İrfan Çelebi, Gülpembe Bozkurt and Nedim Polat

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:19

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  24. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to assess the appropriate number of sessions and interval of routine follow-up ultrasonography (US) in patients who underwent total thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).

    Authors: Ha Kyoung Park, Dong Wook Kim, Tae Kwun Ha, Young Jin Heo, Jin Wook Baek, Yoo Jin Lee, Young Jun Cho, Dong Kun Lee, Do Hun Kim, Soo Jin Jung, Ki Jung Ahn, Hye Shin Ahn and Hye Jin Baek

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:12

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Multi-contrast images in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provide abundant contrast information reflecting the characteristics of the internal tissues of human bodies, and thus have been widely utilized in cli...

    Authors: Zongying Lai, Xinlin Zhang, Di Guo, Xiaofeng Du, Yonggui Yang, Gang Guo, Zhong Chen and Xiaobo Qu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:7

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The overlap of morphological feature and mean ADC value restricted clinical application of MRI in the differential diagnosis of orbital lymphoma and idiopathic orbital inflammatory pseudotumor (IOIP). In this ...

    Authors: Jiliang Ren, Ying Yuan, Yingwei Wu and Xiaofeng Tao

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:6

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The accuracy of estimated age should depend on the reference data sets (RDS) from which the maturity scores or Ages of Attainment (AoA) were obtained. This study aimed to test the accuracy of age estimation fr...

    Authors: Jayakumar Jayaraman, Graham J. Roberts, Hai Ming Wong and Nigel M. King

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2018 18:5

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The success of endodontic treatment is greatly affected by the location of the root canals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the root and canal morphology of permanent maxillary first and second molar...

    Authors: Katarzyna Olczak and Halina Pawlicka

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:68

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Superb microvascular imaging (SMI) for depiction of microvascular flow in thyroid nodules was compared with color/power Doppler imaging (CDI/PDI) and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS). In addition, the ...

    Authors: Ruigang Lu, Yuxin Meng, Yan Zhang, Wei Zhao, Xun Wang, Mulan Jin and Ruijun Guo

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:65

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Primary to validate a commercial semi-automated computed tomography angiography (CTA) –software for vulnerable plaque detection compared to histology of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) specimens and secondary val...

    Authors: Hadi Mahmoud Haider Diab, Lars Melholt Rasmussen, Stevo Duvnjak, Axel Diederichsen, Pia Søndergaard Jensen and Jes Sanddal Lindholt

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:61

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  31. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT and ultrasonography in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), and explored the factors that affect the diagnostic performance.

    Authors: Panli Li, Qiufang Liu, Daoqiang Tang, Yinyan Zhu, Lian Xu, Xiaoguang Sun and Shaoli Song

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:60

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Endonasal transsphenoidal microsurgery is often adopted in the resection of pituitary adenoma, and has showed satisfactory treatment and minor injuries. It is important to accurately localize sellar floor and ...

    Authors: Shousen Wang, Yong Qin, Deyong Xiao and Liangfeng Wei

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:45

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Thyroid function in patients with Grave’s disease is usually evaluated by thyroid scintigraphy with radioactive iodine. Recently, dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) with two different energy X-rays can cal...

    Authors: Duong Duc Binh, Takahito Nakajima, Hidenori Otake, Tetsuya Higuchi and Yoshito Tsushima

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:43

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Thyroid incidentalomas (TI) are highly prevalent asymptomatic thyroid nodules with ultrasound as the best imaging modality for their detection and characterization. Although they are mostly benign, potential f...

    Authors: Boniface Moifo, Jean Roger Moulion Tapouh, Sylviane Dongmo Fomekong, François Djomou and Emmanuella Manka’a Wankie

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:21

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Accessory mental foramen (AMF) is a rare anatomical variation. When accessory mental foramen is present, the nerves and vessels that go through the mental foramen (MF) must follow alternative courses and speci...

    Authors: Ewa Zmysłowska-Polakowska, Mateusz Radwański, Michał Łęski, Sławomir Ledzion, Monika Łukomska-Szymańska and Michał Polguj

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:17

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  36. Content type: Research Article

    Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a public health problem. Detailed analysis of the para-pharyngeal fat pads can help us to understand the pathogenesis of OSA and may mediate the intervention of this sleeping d...

    Authors: Muhammad Laiq Ur Rahman Shahid, Teodora Chitiboi, Tetyana Ivanovska, Vladimir Molchanov, Henry Völzke and Lars Linsen

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:15

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Several articles have used cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to study the morphology of the maxillary molars and to ascertain its ability to visualize the second mesiobuccal canal (MB2); however, its geomet...

    Authors: Pablo Betancourt, Pablo Navarro, Gonzalo Muñoz and Ramón Fuentes

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:66

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Research has shown that uninsured patients receive fewer radiographic studies during trauma care, but less is known as to whether differences in care are present among other insurance groups or across differen...

    Authors: Nathaniel Bell, Laura Repáraz, William R. Fry, R. Stephen Smith and Alejandro Luis

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:61

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  39. Content type: Research Article

    Understanding airflow through human airways is of importance in drug delivery and development of assisted breathing methods. In this work, we focus on development of a new method to obtain an averaged upper ai...

    Authors: Alireza Nejati, Natalia Kabaliuk, Mark C. Jermy and John E. Cater

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:55

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis is an uncommon association of common malignancies such as small cell lung carcinoma, testicular teratoma, and breast carcinoma. The nonspecific nature of the clinical present...

    Authors: Vipula R. Bataduwaarachchi and Nirmali Tissera

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:8

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  41. Content type: Research article

    [18F]FDG-PET/CT imaging is broadly used in head and neck cancer (HNSCC) patients. CT perfusion (CTP) is known to provide information about angiogenesis and blood-flow characteristics in tumors. The aim of this...

    Authors: Carsten Pietsch, Felipe de Galiza Barbosa, Martin W. Hüllner, Daniel T. Schmid, Stephan K. Haerle, Gerhard F. Huber, Gabriela Studer, Thomas F. Hany and Patrick Veit-Haibach

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:60

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Before extracting impacted lower third molars, dentists must first identify the spatial relationship between the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and an impacted lower third molar to prevent nerve injury from the...

    Authors: Wei-Quan Wang, Michael Y. C. Chen, Heng-Li Huang, Lih-Jyh Fuh, Ming-Tzu Tsai and Jui-Ting Hsu

    Citation: BMC Medical Imaging 2015 15:59

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