Skip to main content

Table 1 Shape and deformation parameters of the LV model

From: Evaluation of strain averaging area and strain estimation errors in a spheroidal left ventricular model using synthetic image data and speckle tracking

Parameter Model Reference range
Min Max
LVEDd (mm) 46 40 50
LVESd (mm) 31 20 40
LVEDv (cm3) 94.5 50 150
LVESv (cm3) 37.4 12 60
AVPD (mm)  − 10.1  − 5.2  − 20.4
Apical rotation (°) 13 6.5 19.5
Basal rotation (°)  − 6.9  − 3.4  − 10.4
GRS (%) 20.3 17 67
GCS (%)  − 26.5  − 14  − 28
GLS (%)  − 13.6  − 12  − 25
  1. The reference data were estimated from literature [34,35,36,37] and [38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47], respectively. LVEDd Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter; LVESd Left ventricular end-systolic diameter; LVEDv Left ventricular end-diastolic volume; AVPD longitudinal atrioventricular plane displacement; GCS Global Circumferential Strain; GLS Global Longitudinal Strain; GRS Global Radial Strain