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Table 2 Reliability and agreement in detection of the bone lesion and morphology classification

From: Diagnostic accuracy of CBCT versus intraoral imaging for assessment of peri‐implant bone defects

Detection parameters Methods Observer effect
Reliability Agreement  
ICC 95% CI Weighted Kappa 95% CI
Bone defect presence IO 0.96 0.94–0.97 0.84 0.72–0.96
CBCT 0.97 0.96–0.98 0.87 0.74–0.99
Total 0.90 0.86–0.92 0.78 0.68–0.88
Shape classification IO 0.96 0.94–0.97 0.84 0.72–0.94
CBCT 1 0.94 0.97-1
Total 0.92 0.90–0.94 0.82 0.74–0.90
Total   0.97 0.96–0.97 0.92 0.88–0.96
  1. Reliability, intra-class correlation coefficient; Agreement, inter-rater agreement; IO, intra-oral radiography; CBCT, cone beam computer tomography