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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of three groups

From: An improvement of carotid intima-media thickness and pulse wave velocity in renal transplant recipients

Variables Controls (n = 84) Hemodialysis(n = 31) RT (n = 31) aP Values
Age (years) 58.1 ± 19.9 59.3 ± 17.9 57.9 ± 14.3 0.141
Male, n (%) 55(65) 20(65) 22(71) 0.317
Body-mass index (kg/ m2) 26.2 ± 4.5 26.0 ± 5.5 24.2 ± 3.5 0.083
Time in predialytic ERSD (mo) 70(1–148) 73(1–216) 0.351
Cumulative time on dialysis (mo) 24(1–94) 26(1–104) 0.561
Hypertension, n (%) 11(12) 28(90) 25(80) 0.039
Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 11(13) 9(28) 8(27) 0.025
Dyslipidemia, n (%) 4 (5) 2(6) 2(6) 0.676
Smokers, n 4 3 1 0.07
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 119.3 ± 15.8 146.9 ± 21.3 145.8 ± 13.5 <0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 77.1 ± 8.3 86.9 ± 13.5 94.3 ± 8.6†‡ <0.001
Glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (%) 4.6 ± 0.7 4.7 ± 0.7 4.9 ± 0.6 0.156
Total cholesterol (m mol / L) 6.0 ± 1.2 4.9 ± 1.2 4.5 ± 0.8 0.322
Triglycerides (m mol / L) 1.4 ± 0.7 1.9 ± 0.9 1.4 ± 0.3 0.345
Low-density lipoprotein (m mol / L) 3.1 ± 0.9 2.7 ± 0.9 2.3 ± 0.6 0.224
High-density lipoprotein (m mol / L) 1.2 ± 0.3 1.3 ± 0.3 1.4 ± 0.3 0.432
Fasting glucose (m mol / L) 5.3 ± 1.1 4.6 ± 0.6 4.9 ± 0.7 0.245
Ca (m mol / L) 2.39 ± 0.10 2.40 ± 0.14 2.33 ± 0.19 0.422
P (m mol / L) 1.33 ± 0.12 1.79 ± 0.24† 1.39 ± 0.56# 0.003
PTH (pg/ml) 35 ± 26 27 ± 20† 39 ± 22# 0.050
ACEI use, n (%) 5(6) 17(56) 20(64) 0.038
Calcium channel antagonist, n (%) 4(5) 16(50) 10(32) 0.032
Diuretics, n (%) 4(5) 12(40) 6(18)†# 0.042
Beta-blockers, n (%) 4(5) 12(40) 8(25)†# 0.036
Statin use, n (%) 15(18) 11(35) 10(33) 0.046
  1. aIn three groups, Chi-squared test or ANOVA test was used to compare the distribution of age, gender, BMI, Time in predialytic ERSD, Cumulative time on dialysis, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, Dyslipidemia, smoking, SBP, DBP, HbA1c, TC, TG, LDL, HDL, FBG, Ca, P, and PHT
  2. *P<0.05, P < 0.01 compared with the control group; #P<0.05, P < 0.01 compared with the hemodialysis group. Data presented as mean (SD) or n (%)