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  1. Research Article

    An artificial neural networks approach for assessment treatment response in oncological patients using PET/CT images

    Positron Emission Tomography – Computed Tomography (PET/CT) imaging is the basis for the evaluation of response-to-treatment of several oncological diseases. In practice, such evaluation is manually performed ...

    Mariana A. Nogueira, Pedro H. Abreu, Pedro Martins, Penousal Machado, Hugo Duarte and João Santos

    BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:13

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  2. Research article

    Three-dimensional comparison of intramuscular fat content between young and old adults

    Fat infiltration within skeletal muscle is known as intramuscular fat (IMF), which increases with aging. Studies have assessed IMF content, using the mid-thigh as a representative location. However, three-dime...

    Akito Yoshiko, Maya Hioki, Nana Kanehira, Kiyoshi Shimaoka, Teruhiko Koike, Hisataka Sakakibara, Yoshiharu Oshida and Hiroshi Akima

    BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:12

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  3. Study protocol

    Combination of IVIM-DWI and 3D-ASL for differentiating true progression from pseudoprogression of Glioblastoma multiforme after concurrent chemoradiotherapy: study protocol of a prospective diagnostic trial

    Standard therapy for Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) involves maximal safe tumor resection followed with radiotherapy and concurrent adjuvant temozolomide. About 20 to 30% patients undergoing their first post-ra...

    Zhi-Cheng Liu, Lin-Feng Yan, Yu-Chuan Hu, Ying-Zhi Sun, Qiang Tian, Hai-Yan Nan, Ying Yu, Qian Sun, Wen Wang and Guang-Bin Cui

    BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:10

    Published on: 1 February 2017

  4. Research article

    Developing a nomogram based on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging for forecasting high-grade prostate cancer to reduce unnecessary biopsies within the prostate-specific antigen gray zone

    Since 1980s the application of Prostate specific antigen (PSA) brought the revolution in prostate cancer diagnosis. However, it is important to underline that PSA is not the ideal screening tool due to its low...

    Xiang-ke Niu, Jun Li, Susant Kumar Das, Yan Xiong, Chao-bing Yang and Tao Peng

    BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:11

    Published on: 1 February 2017

  5. Research article

    T2 relaxation time for intervertebral disc degeneration in patients with upper back pain: initial results on the clinical use of 3.0 Tesla MRI

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a useful non-invasive tool for evaluating abnormalities of intervertebral discs. However, there are few studies which applied functional MRI techniques to investigate degene...

    Raoying Xie, linhui Ruan, Lei chen, Kai Zhou, Jiandong Yuan, Wei Ji, Guangjian Jing, Xiaojing Huang, Qinglei Shi and Chun Chen

    BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:9

    Published on: 31 January 2017

  6. Case report

    Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of a plexiform angiomyxoid myofibroblastic tumor: a case report

    Plexiform angiomyxoid myofibroblastic tumor (PAMT) is a very rare mesenchymal tumor of the stomach. Here we report a case of pathologically confirmed PAMT with an unique cyst formation.

    Hiroyuki Akai, Shigeru Kiryu, Masaru Shinozaki, Yasunori Ohta, Yoshiyasu Nakano, Koichiro Yasaka and Kuni Ohtomo

    BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:7

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  7. Case report

    Newly recognized cerebral infarctions on postmortem imaging: a report of three cases with systemic infectious disease

    Postmortem imaging (PMI) refers to the imaging of cadavers by computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Three cases of cerebral infarctions that were not found during life but were newl...

    Sakon Noriki, Kazuyuki Kinoshita, Kunihiro Inai, Toyohiko Sakai, Hirohiko Kimura, Takahiro Yamauchi, Masayuki Iwano and Hironobu Naiki

    BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:4

    Published on: 10 January 2017

  8. Case report

    A case report in cardiovascular magnetic resonance: the contrast agent matters in amyloid

    Cardiac amyloidosis is a progressive but underdiagnosed and underappreciated cause of heart failure. In the last few years, cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has become the gold standard for non invasive...

    Marianna Fontana, Thomas A. Treibel, Ana Martinez-Naharro, Stefania Rosmini, Raymond Y. Kwong, Julian D. Gillmore, Philip N. Hawkins and James C. Moon

    BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:3

    Published on: 7 January 2017

  9. Research article

    FDG PET using SUVmax for preoperative T-staging of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with and without neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy

    Accurate T-staging is pivotal for predicting prognosis and selecting appropriate therapies for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The diagnostic performance of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emissio...

    Yung-Cheng Huang, Hung-I Lu, Shun-Chen Huang, Chien-Chin Hsu, Nan-Tsing Chiu, Yu-Ming Wang, Yi-Chun Chiu and Shau-Hsuan Li

    BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:1

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  10. Research Article

    Dimensionality reduction-based fusion approaches for imaging and non-imaging biomedical data: concepts, workflow, and use-cases

    With a wide array of multi-modal, multi-protocol, and multi-scale biomedical data being routinely acquired for disease characterization, there is a pressing need for quantitative tools to combine these varied ...

    Satish E. Viswanath, Pallavi Tiwari, George Lee and Anant Madabhushi

    BMC Medical Imaging 2017 17:2

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  11. Research Article

    Skeleton-based cerebrovascular quantitative analysis

    Cerebrovascular disease is the most common cause of death worldwide, with millions of deaths annually. Interest is increasing toward understanding the geometric factors that influence cerebrovascular diseases,...

    Xingce Wang, Enhui Liu, Zhongke Wu, Feifei Zhai, Yi-Cheng Zhu, Wuyang Shui and Mingquan Zhou

    BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:68

    Published on: 20 December 2016

  12. Research article

    Intra- and inter-observer reliability of a new standardized diagnostic method using SPECT/CT in patients with osteochondral lesions of the ankle joint

    Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography-Computed Tomography (SPECT/CT) gains an important part of diagnostics in patients with osteochondral lesions (OCL). SPECT/CT is a hybrid imaging modality, which combi...

    Geneviève Hassink, Enrique A. Testa, André Leumann, Thomas Hügle, Helmut Rasch and Michael T. Hirschmann

    BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:67

    Published on: 7 December 2016

  13. Research article

    Chemical shift MR imaging in the lumbar vertebra: the effect of field strength, scanner vendors and flip angles in repeatability of signal intensity index measurement

    To evaluate the reproducibility of signal intensity index (SII) measurements with MRI systems from different vendors and with different field strengths, and to test the effectiveness of flip angle.

    Zebin Xiao, Jian Li, Chengqi Li, Yuyang Zhang, Dejun She and Dairong Cao

    BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:64

    Published on: 25 November 2016

  14. Research article

    Comparison of coronary arterial lumen dimensions on angiography and plaque characteristics on optical coherence tomography images and their changes induced by statin

    Coronary angiography (CAG) is widely used to assess lumen dimensions, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) is used to evaluate the characteristics of atherosclerotic plaque. This study was aimed to compare c...

    Nana Dong, Zulong Xie, Wei Wang, Jiannan Dai, Meng Sun, Zhongyue Pu, Jinwei Tian and Bo Yu

    BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:63

    Published on: 22 November 2016

  15. Research article

    Qualitative analysis of small (≤2 cm) regenerative nodules, dysplastic nodules and well-differentiated HCCs with gadoxetic acid MRI

    The characterization of small lesions in cirrhotic patients is extremely difficult due to the overlap of imaging features among different entities in the step-way of the hepatocarcinogenesis. The aim of our st...

    Michele Di Martino, Michele Anzidei, Fulvio Zaccagna, Luca Saba, Sandro Bosco, Massimo Rossi, Stefano Ginanni Corradini and Carlo Catalano

    BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:62

    Published on: 11 November 2016

  16. Research article

    Variation in type and frequency of diagnostic imaging during trauma care across multiple time points by patient insurance type

    Research has shown that uninsured patients receive fewer radiographic studies during trauma care, but less is known as to whether differences in care are present among other insurance groups or across differen...

    Nathaniel Bell, Laura Repáraz, William R. Fry, R. Stephen Smith and Alejandro Luis

    BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:61

    Published on: 3 November 2016

  17. Research article

    18F-FDG uptake in the stomach on screening PET/CT: value for predicting Helicobacter pylori infection and chronic atrophic gastritis

    The aim of this study was to determine the value of 18F-FDG uptake on screening PET/CT images for the prediction of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and chronic atrophic gastritis.

    Shigeki Kobayashi, Mayumi Ogura, Naohisa Suzawa, Noriyuki Horiki, Masaki Katsurahara, Toru Ogura and Hajime Sakuma

    BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:58

    Published on: 18 October 2016

  18. Technical advance

    Mapping breast tissue types by miniature radio-frequency near-field spectroscopy sensor in ex-vivo freshly excised specimens

    Receiving real-time information on tissue properties while performing biopsy procedures has the potential of improving biopsy accuracy. The study goal was to test the ability of a miniature flexible Radio-Freq...

    Zvi Kaufman, Haim Paran, Ilana Haas, Patricia Malinger, Tania Zehavi, Tamar Karni, Izhak Pappo, Judith Sandbank, Judith Diment and Tanir Allweis

    BMC Medical Imaging 2016 16:57

    Published on: 10 October 2016

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